It is currently 23 Oct 2017, 08:39

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue,

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 14 Jan 2007
Posts: 775

Kudos [?]: 175 [0], given: 0

Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Jul 2007, 03:25
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

65% (01:00) correct 35% (01:37) wrong based on 78 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating
Sue, the winner in each of the four previous years. We
can conclude from this that Maria trained hard.
The conclusion follows logically if which one of the
following is assumed?

(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained.
(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the
sailboat race.
(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she
trained hard.
(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat
race.
(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria.

Kudos [?]: 175 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2007
Posts: 345

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

06 Jul 2007, 03:33
vshaunak@gmail.com wrote:
Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating
Sue, the winner in each of the four previous years. We
can conclude from this that Maria trained hard.
The conclusion follows logically if which one of the
following is assumed?

(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained.
(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the
sailboat race.
(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she
trained hard.
(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat
race.
(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria.

It should be B.

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 24 Jun 2006
Posts: 129

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

06 Jul 2007, 14:33
I go for C
if not assumed the conclusion does not follow

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2007
Posts: 102

Kudos [?]: 15 [1], given: 0

### Show Tags

06 Jul 2007, 15:09
1
KUDOS
C it is .
Use of word "only if" .
If there are more reasons other than hard training when Maria can beat sue then we cannot conclude that training hard is the only reason for Maria's win

Kudos [?]: 15 [1], given: 0

Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 851

Kudos [?]: 141 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2007, 08:12
B is a trap and weakens the argument.

Kudos [?]: 141 [0], given: 0

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10106

Kudos [?]: 264 [0], given: 0

Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jan 2014, 10:58
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 264 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 04 May 2013
Posts: 353

Kudos [?]: 149 [1], given: 70

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Human Resources
Schools: XLRI GM"18
GPA: 4
WE: Human Resources (Human Resources)
Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jan 2014, 08:23
1
KUDOS
Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner in each of the four previous years. We can conclude from this that Maria trained hard.
The conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

This is a CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP-----
Assumptions- Training hard ONLY led to Maria's win.......
Nothing else led to Maria's win

(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained....cant say what applies for Sue... we only know what applies for Maria.
(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the sailboat race.....cant say about future..... this time she won because she trained hard...WOULD does not invoke a total sence of certainty.....
(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she trained hard..... .... Training hard ONLY led to Maria's win.......
Nothing else led to Maria's win.....correct

(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat race..... ..cant say what applies for Sue... we only know what applies for Maria.
(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria.......not an assumption.

IMO "C"...............

Kudos [?]: 149 [1], given: 70

Senior Manager
Status: Student
Joined: 26 Aug 2013
Posts: 253

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 401

Location: France
Concentration: Finance, General Management
Schools: EMLYON FT'16
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V32
GPA: 3.44
Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jan 2014, 16:02
Agree with C.

If X happens than Y will happen;

here it only works in one direction.

therefore, if Y happens, than X did not necessary happen too.

_________________

Think outside the box

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 401

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 405

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 72

Location: France
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
WE: Real Estate (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2015, 04:15
Paris75 wrote:
Agree with C.

If X happens than Y will happen;

here it only works in one direction.

therefore, if Y happens, than X did not necessary happen too.

not thAn, thEn dear

Otherwise, C as well. This is the conditional clause that validates the conclusion without a doubt.
_________________

New Application Tracker : update your school profiles instantly!

Kudos [?]: 89 [0], given: 72

Director
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 691

Kudos [?]: 181 [0], given: 855

Location: United States
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Apr 2017, 08:15
Now let's look at B vs C.

B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the race.

Does this prove that Maria MUST HAVE trained hard? No - just because training hard is one way to win the race doesn't mean that it's the ONLY way to win the race. For example, maybe Sue broke her leg at the starting line. Since (B) doesn't eliminate other possible paths to victory, it doesn't PROVE the conclusion.

C) Maria could beat a four-time winner ONLY IF she trained hard.

Well, we know that Maria beat Sue, a four-time winner. If we add in a new piece of evidence that the ONLY WAY to do so is to train hard, then it MUST BE TRUE that Maria trained hard. Accordingly, (C) proves the conclusion.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Kudos [?]: 181 [0], given: 855

Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue,   [#permalink] 22 Apr 2017, 08:15
Display posts from previous: Sort by