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# Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success

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Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2011, 20:24
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:29) correct 39% (01:41) wrong based on 1007 sessions

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Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted. We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life is able to keep a good perspective on the world.

The conclusion of the argument follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Anyone who succeeds takes success for granted.
B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.
C. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world has to struggle early in life.
D. Anyone who does not success for granted has to struggle early in life.
E. Anyone who does not take success for granted is able to keep a good perspective on the world.

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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2011, 20:25
I was able to narrow down to OA and one more choice. But the OA confused me.
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 03:47
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gijoedude wrote:
Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted. We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life is able to keep a good perspective on the world.

The conclusion of the argument follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Anyone who succeeds takes success for granted.
If author assumed this, then the argument that Marian Anderson did not take success for granted would be wrong, because she was successful.

B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.
Correct.

C. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world has to struggle early in life.
Not necessarily true. Only the reverse is definitely true.

D. Anyone who does not take success for granted has to struggle early in life.
Everyone who struggles does not take success for granted doesn't mean that anyone who doesn't take success for granted must have struggled. There can be few people who are just cautious about not taking success for granted but who didn't struggle before.

E. Anyone who does not take success for granted is able to keep a good perspective on the world.
good perspective on the world is the effect of struggle, not a result of the attitude toward success.

Everyone who struggles-keep good perspective.
If someone who struggled becomes famous.
That someone will definitely not take success for granted.

Because,
Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.

Ans: "B"
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 03:56
Clear B. There's a massive jump in logic going on which sticks out. B ties it all together.

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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 09:42
What's wrong with E? That's the one I picked at first.
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 09:58
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1
Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted (A). We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life (B) is able to keep a good perspective on the world (C).

as per argument
If B than C
Because B, so A

combining these --> If C than A

So answer, I think, should be
B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.
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Re: Marian Anderson and her struggles  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2011, 11:44
gijoedude wrote:
What's wrong with E? That's the one I picked at first.

Causal fallacy. E reverses the causal mechanism.

"Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted. We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life is able to keep a good perspective on the world."

Success not taken for granted because- Struggle early in life (which always means- Good perspective)

So, if good perspective is present, success not taken granted will definitely be there.

i.e,

good perspective => Success not taken for granted.

This is clearly stated in B. E is reverse of this.
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Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success  [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2012, 06:28
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Struggle and good perspective are in correlation. Nothing mentioned about which one caused the other.i.e., the effect is not causal.

S -------- GP

If you Struggle(S), then you will not take success for granted(NSG)

S --------> NSG

Finally, (S ------- GP) -------> NSG

Keep in mind, Reverse of this is not true. similarly, establishing a causal relationship where only a correlation is mentioned is not correct.

A. Anyone who succeeds takes success for granted. Irrelevant
B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted. GP ------> NSG
C. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world has to struggle early in life. GP ------> S (No causal relation mentioned. Hence, not true)
D. Anyone who does not success for granted has to struggle early in life.
NSG ------> S(Reverse true)
E. Anyone who does not take success for granted is able to keep a good perspective on the world.
NSG ------> GP(Again, revers is true)
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Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2015, 04:09
I believe this is out of GMAT scope, being a conditional reasoning "justify the conclusion" LSAT question
We want to make the conclusion "Maria A. did not take success for granted" 100% true

Premise 1: Anderson struggled in life
Premise 2: Anyone who has to struggle is able to keep a good perspective.

We have to find the missing premise that makes our conclusion 100% true.
Premise 3 would be : anyone able to keep a good perspective does not take success for granted

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Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2017, 07:44
The conclusion is that Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted. What is are evidence that success is not taken for granted? We know that Anderson has struggled and so keeps a good perspective on the world. Now, we know that she has a good perspective and from this we need to be able to conclude that she does not take success for granted. This is precisely what B states.
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Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2018, 00:46
Premise: Anyone who has to... Premise:Anderson...Conclusion: He did not take the success fro granted. Both Anderson and success is common to premise and conclusion, so we will not see both in the correct answer.
Let us see Answer choice B : we need a connection that moves from “able to keep a good perspective on the world” to “did not take success for granted,” such as the following: able to keep a good perspective on the world ı did not take success for granted. This relationship, which is the same as that presented in answer choice (B)
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Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2018, 20:43
Can any one explain why E is wrong?
I am unable to decode.
I narrowed it down to B and E and selected E.
I understand that B looks good but unable to understand why E is wrong?

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Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success  [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2018, 21:35
1
Can any one explain why E is wrong?
I am unable to decode.
I narrowed it down to B and E and selected E.
I understand that B looks good but unable to understand why E is wrong?

Regards,

Quote:
Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success for granted. We know this because Anderson had to struggle early in life, and anyone who has to struggle early in life is able to keep a good perspective on the world.

The conclusion of the argument follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

A. Anyone who succeeds takes success for granted.
B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.
C. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world has to struggle early in life.
D. Anyone who does not success for granted has to struggle early in life.
E. Anyone who does not take success for granted is able to keep a good perspective on the world.

The author concludes that Marian Anderson did not take success for granted. How does the author arrive at this conclusion?

• "Anderson had to struggle early in life."
• "Anyone who has to struggle early in life is able to keep a good perspective on the world."
• Since Anderson had to struggle early in life, we can safely conclude that Anderson can keep a good perspective on the world.

But does keeping a good perspective on the world mean that you do not take success for granted? If so, then the author's reasoning is sound. If not, then there is a gap in the author's logic.

So what's the difference between (B) and (E)?

Quote:
E. Anyone who does not take success for granted is able to keep a good perspective on the world.

If you do not take success for granted then you are able to keep a good perspective on the world. But that does not necessarily mean that the opposite is true. Just because you keep a good perspective, does not necessarily mean that you do not take success for granted.

If that's unclear, think of the following example: "Anyone who is a professional basketball player is strong." Now, does that mean that anyone who is strong is a professional basketball player? Of course not.

So choice (E) guarantees that people who do not take success for granted can keep a good perspective, but it does not guarantee that people who keep a good perspective will not take success for granted.

Quote:
B. Anyone who is able to keep a good perspective on the world does not take success for granted.

Choice (B), on the other hand, guarantees that people who keep a good perspective will not take success for granted. This fills the gap in the author's logic, so (B) is the best answer.
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Re: Marian Anderson, the famous contralto, did not take success &nbs [#permalink] 05 Feb 2018, 21:35
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