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# Marianne is a professional chess player who hums audibly

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Marianne is a professional chess player who hums audibly [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2010, 12:26
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Question Stats:

75% (02:04) correct 25% (01:31) wrong based on 121 sessions

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Marianne is a professional chess player who hums audibly while playing her matches, thereby distracting her opponents. When ordered by chess officials to cease humming or else be disqualified from professional chess, Marianne protested the order. She argued that since she was unaware of her humming, her humming was involuntary and that therefore she should not be held responsible for it.

Which one of the following, if true, most undermines Marianne’s argument against the order?
(A) The officials of chess have little or no authority to control the behavior of its professional players outside of matches.
(B) Many of the customs of amateur chess matches are not observed by professional chess players.
(C) Not all of a person’s involuntary actions are actions of which that person is unaware.
(D) A person who hums involuntarily can easily learn to notice it and can thereby come to control it.
(E) Not all of Marianne’s opponents are distracted by her humming during chess matches.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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16 Jul 2010, 12:54
Marianne is a professional chess player who hums audibly while playing her matches, thereby distracting her opponents. When ordered by chess officials to cease humming or else be disqualified from professional chess, Marianne protested the order. She argued that since she was unaware of her humming, her humming was involuntary and that therefore she should not be held responsible for it.

BI: Marianne ( professional chess player)---------Hums while playing matches
Marianne's protest:
P1:Marianne's Hum(Unaware & Involuntery) ----------- Not responsible.

Which one of the following, if true, most undermines Marianne’s argument against the order?
(A) The officials of chess have little or no authority to control the behavior of its professional players outside of matches.( Junk---- Wrong)
(B) Many of the customs of amateur chess matches are not observed by professional chess players.( Junk-- Wrong)
(C) Not all of a person’s involuntary actions are actions of which that person is unaware.(wrong)
(D) A person who hums involuntarily can easily learn to notice it and can thereby come to control it.(Involuntary actions can be controllable-right)
(E) Not all of Marianne’s opponents are distracted by her humming during chess matches.(Wrong)
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16 Jul 2010, 18:06
I go for D.
The info in answer D likes a missing information which explains why the authority banned Marianne humming while competing. She can control so she can use this action as an advantage to distract the competitors.
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16 Jul 2010, 21:08
D
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17 Jul 2010, 10:45
If Marianne says that she was unaware of her humming and hence it was involuntary then an argument can be made that Marianne can very well learn to notice her humming and control it.

Option D says that.
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02 Aug 2010, 13:35
cut down to C and D ...........D it is Bingo .........
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02 Aug 2010, 14:10
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vudsri000 wrote:
cut down to C and D ...........D it is Bingo .........

thanks for the kudos
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05 Aug 2010, 00:25
I completely cannot justify y I choose D after cutting them down to C and D. Can someone give me a proper explanation y it is D, and y not C?
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05 Aug 2010, 12:54
D 1.23 sec
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05 Aug 2010, 14:48
i went with C but then chose D =D
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06 Aug 2010, 07:15
+1 for D
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06 Aug 2010, 08:41
(A) The officials of chess have little or no authority to control the behavior of its professional players outside of matches. < will kind of lend support to Marianne >
(B) Many of the customs of amateur chess matches are not observed by professional chess players. <there is not talk of amateur chess players>
(C) Not all of a person’s involuntary actions are actions of which that person is unaware. < to strong "not all" + humming could be one of the few activities that can not be controlled>
(D) A person who hums involuntarily can easily learn to notice it and can thereby come to control it.<bingo>
(E) Not all of Marianne’s opponents are distracted by her humming during chess matches. <supports Marianne's claim>
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11 Sep 2010, 08:33
IMO D
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11 Sep 2010, 15:48
Argument:
she was unaware of her humming, her humming was involuntary
Conclusion
She should not be held responsible for it.

We can undermine the argument if we show that a person can be aware of his involuntary act and he can control that.

C states that pretty clearly states that.

C is correct
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14 Sep 2010, 06:13
+1 for C
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23 Sep 2010, 01:49
noboru wrote:
Marianne is a professional chess player who hums audibly while playing her matches, thereby distracting her opponents. When ordered by chess officials to cease humming or else be disqualified from professional chess, Marianne protested the order. She argued that since she was unaware of her humming, her humming was involuntary and that therefore she should not be held responsible for it.

Which one of the following, if true, most undermines Marianne’s argument against the order?
(A) The officials of chess have little or no authority to control the behavior of its professional players outside of matches.
(B) Many of the customs of amateur chess matches are not observed by professional chess players.
(C) Not all of a person’s involuntary actions are actions of which that person is unaware.
(D) A person who hums involuntarily can easily learn to notice it and can thereby come to control it.
(E) Not all of Marianne’s opponents are distracted by her humming during chess matches.

Since it is asked to weaken, negate the argument.
It says : "since she was unaware of her humming, her humming was involuntary and that therefore she should not be held responsible for it."

Negation must be : "she was aware of her humming"

Now from the answer choice match the choice that says Marianne is aware.

Only Option D goes.
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24 Sep 2010, 19:41
clear D
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03 Oct 2010, 22:00
easy D.
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04 Oct 2010, 03:20
+1 for D
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04 Oct 2010, 07:15
D
I hope to see such a 700+ question on real test :D
Re: Marianne   [#permalink] 04 Oct 2010, 07:15

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