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# Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the

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Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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Updated on: 25 Apr 2013, 09:49
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Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, is celebrated everywhere in the Muslim world.

(A) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed

(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha

(C) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed

(D) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep

(E) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, called Eid-ul-Adha

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Originally posted by Rock750 on 25 Apr 2013, 07:25.
Last edited by Rock750 on 25 Apr 2013, 09:49, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 07:34
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(A) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed

My pick is A.

(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha
The subject of the first clause must follow the comma: what does mark the end ...? the festival. it must follow the comma
(C) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed
My reason to eliminate C is "called". It's not clear IMO, it refers to the festival or to the pilgrimage to Mecca?
(D) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep
Same as above, plus "featuring" is also wrong
(E) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, called Eid-ul-Adha
Same as above, "called" is not clear: what does it refer to?

Waiting for OA
(great question BTW +1)
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 07:43
my pick wud be A
perfect modification
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 15:35
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The best answer is indeed A. I really like this question, so much so that I wrote an entire blog about it recently.

I break down each answer choice into a little more detail, and hopefully you'll even pick up a little nugget about how the GMAT tests modifiers.

If I'm lucky, maybe we'll even find some cotton candy at this festival:

http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2013/04 ... questions/

Thanks!
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2013, 07:42
Rock750 wrote:
Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, is celebrated everywhere in the Muslim world.

(A) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed
(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha
(C) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed
(D) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep
(E) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, called Eid-ul-Adha

The original sentence puts emphasis on " The fiestival called Eid-ul-adha is celebrated everythwere in the Muslim world". C, D, and E change the emphasis with " A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca is celebrated everywhere in the muslim world". This is not the intended meaning of the original sentence. So eliminate C,D,E. For B "Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca" must modify a noun after the comma. Here, it is modifying another present participle modifier making the sentence ungrammatical.
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2013, 10:49
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A) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed ----- The best choice, with the participial modifier following norms of proper modification

(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha --- a few unusual things here leading to significant errors. 1. If it is a compound modifier comprising a couple of modifiers but clinging on to a single noun, then both the modifiers should be conjoined by an and; else, the second modifier will be modifying the first one, making a mess of modification.2. the phrase- traditional sacrifice- is rather weird. Is there any non- traditional sacrifice of sheep?
(C) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally, sacrificed –1. The noun modifier (called) should as matter of rule modifies the noun before it, in this case Mecca, which is equating a city with a festival. Wrong. 2. A (the indefinite article) festival is ok when we celebrate it for the first time. But to generalize it as a festival for ever is weird.

(D) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep ---Same errors as in C

(E) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, called Eid-ul-Adha --- a wrong word order;, called Eid-ul-Adha modifies a festival and should be placed close to it.
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 13:33
daagh wrote:
A) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed ----- The best choice, with the participial modifier following norms of proper modification

(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha --- a few unusual things here leading to significant errors. 1. If it is a compound modifier comprising a couple of modifiers but clinging on to a single noun, then both the modifiers should be conjoined by an and; else, the second modifier will be modifying the first one, making a mess of modification.2. the phrase- traditional sacrifice- is rather weird. Is there any non- traditional sacrifice of sheep?
(C) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally, sacrificed –1. The noun modifier (called) should as matter of rule modifies the noun before it, in this case Mecca, which is equating a city with a festival. Wrong. 2. A (the indefinite article) festival is ok when we celebrate it for the first time. But to generalize it as a festival for ever is weird.

(D) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep ---Same errors as in C

(E) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, called Eid-ul-Adha --- a wrong word order;, called Eid-ul-Adha modifies a festival and should be placed close to it.

Hi daagh,

can you please explain me more what you want to say in the following:

If it is a compound modifier comprising a couple of modifiers but clinging on to a single noun, then both the modifiers should be conjoined by an and; else, the second modifier will be modifying the first one, making a mess of modification.

please elaborate

thanks

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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2013, 21:59
Quote:
If it is a compound modifier comprising a couple of modifiers but clinging on to a single noun, then both the modifiers should be conjoined by an and; else, the second modifier will be modifying the first one, making a mess of modification
.

(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha ---a few unusual things here leading to significant errors. 1. If it is a compound modifier comprising a couple of modifiers but clinging on to a single noun, then both the modifiers should be conjoined by an and; else, the second modifier will be modifying the first one, making a mess of modification.2. The phrase- traditional sacrifice- is rather weird. Is there any non- traditional sacrifice of sheep?

This is referring to Choice B. You find the clause start with two modifiers, separated by a comma and both of them modifying a single noun – the festival-
1. Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca
2. featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep
It is possible to doubt, that the second modifier is modifying the first one. Not that it is definite to happen, but the possibility is there. That is the reason that this style is suspect. However, if they are compounded, then both modifiers become s single unit and it will smoothly pass.
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2013, 22:49
I am a retake junkie trying to find why the wrong is "wrong" and the right is "right"

Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, is celebrated everywhere in the Muslim world.

(A) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed -> Correct
(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha -> The modifier is away from the intended noun phrase to be modified.
(C) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed ->
If called was not present, my guess is that this could have been close to the right answer. But it also wrongly gives the notion that sheep are sacrificed during the pilgrimage.
(D) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep ->
Same as C. This says the pilgrimage features the sacrifice of sheep.
(E) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, called Eid-ul-Adha
Again, the festival and its modifier are not next to each other.

I think the modifier is placed next to the noun phrase it modifies only in case of A. The rest of the choices do not do so. Even in E the verb called precedes the name of the festival.
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2014, 06:51
Hi there, can anyone explain me why the term "are" is correct on that sentence?
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2014, 13:53
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Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, is celebrated everywhere in the Muslim world.

(A) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed -- No error

(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha

Two back to back ing modifier modifying same thing are just joined by a comma coordinating conjunction and is required.
Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, AND featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep,

(C) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed
called is a ed modifier after comma and it is modifying eligible preceding noun pilgrimage : pilgrimage called Eid-ul-Adha, that is not the intended meaning.

(D) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep
Same error as explained above.

(E) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, called Eid-ul-Adha
Fatal meaning error as in option C and D.
pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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23 May 2014, 17:49
Agree with "murilomoraes".

Can some one please explain how A can be correct ? - How is " .......sheep are..." ?
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23 May 2014, 21:11
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vingmat001 wrote:
Agree with "murilomoraes".

Can some one please explain how A can be correct ? - How is " .......sheep are..." ?

Hi vinggmat001,

• Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha,
o during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed,
• is celebrated everywhere in the Muslim world.

In this sentence, the verb-ing modifier placed at the beginning of the sentence modifies the subject of the following clause ‘the festival called Eid-ul-Adha’.

The modifier ‘during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed’ modifies the preceding noun ‘Eid-ul-Adha’.

The noun ‘sheep’ can act as singular or plural as per the context of the sentence. In other words, ‘sheep’ is the plural of ‘sheep’. Hence, the use of plural verb ‘are’ is correct here.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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24 May 2014, 00:02
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vingmat001 wrote:
Agree with "murilomoraes".

Can some one please explain how A can be correct ? - How is " .......sheep are..." ?

For some nouns singular and plural are same:
Sing - Plural
Sheep sheep
Deer deer
swine swine
fish fish
salmon salmon..

Thus according to context we use the verb.

Some extra information:
Also there are some nouns which are always plural:
Police : Police are coming
People : People are shouting.
cattle : cattle are grazing.
oats
tweezers

Pants, Binoculars, scissors, shorts, trousers drawers, socks and remains are always plural.
One should not say give me a pant or a scissor ... one should say give me a pair of pants \\ a pair of pants is wonderful.
A heard of cattle is grazing

I hope it helps.
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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24 May 2014, 06:48
Very helpful ! Thanks for the clarification.

Thanks Manyu!
Thanks Piyush!
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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25 May 2014, 00:44
PiyushK wrote:
vingmat001 wrote:
Agree with "murilomoraes".

Can some one please explain how A can be correct ? - How is " .......sheep are..." ?

For some nouns singular and plural are same:
Sing - Plural
Sheep sheep
Deer deer
swine swine
fish fish
salmon salmon..

Thus according to context we use the verb.

Some extra information:
Also there are some nouns which are always plural:
Police : Police are coming
People : People are shouting.
cattle : cattle are grazing.
oats
tweezers

Pants, Binoculars, scissors, shorts, trousers drawers, socks and remains are always plural.
One should not say give me a pant or a scissor ... one should say give me a pair of pants \\ a pair of pants is wonderful.
A heard of cattle is grazing

I hope it helps.

Sorry if my question sounds a bit offfensive: Where did you get all of the nouns mentioned above (sheep, deer, fish, etc)?
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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25 May 2014, 01:59
ndqv0709 wrote:

Sorry if my question sounds a bit offfensive: Where did you get all of the nouns mentioned above (sheep, deer, fish, etc)?

Refer this link:
http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/gramm ... lurals.htm
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2015, 23:19
Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, is celebrated everywhere in the Muslim world.

(A) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed

(B) Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep, the festival called Eid-ul-Adha
Awkward modify: Noun mofify, Ving modify, S + V

(C) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed
"called" ambiguously modifies Mecca

(D) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, called Eid-ul-Adha, featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep
"called" ambiguously modifies Mecca

(E) A festival marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed, called Eid-ul-Adha
"during which" and "called Eid-ul-adha" are placed too far to modify "A festival"
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2017, 00:32
Important to note that "Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca" (should) modify the festival called Eid-ul-Adha.
-- Elim C, D, E
C: Mecca here modifies "called Eid-ul-Adha". incorrect
D: Same as above. Incorrect.
E: Sacrificed modifies "called Eid-ul-Adha". Incorrect.

Between A & B.
B: "Marking ... Mecca" modifies "featuring the traditional sacrifice of sheep"? This doesn't make sense. It's like this sentence is front-loading modifiers. Both these modifiers come back-to-back and end up modifying the 3rd clause "the festival called Eid-ul-Adha".

A clearly correct. Modifier --> Subject --> Another Modifier

* You can also use "slash & burn" technique to show A is correct.
In your mind, look at A as: (Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca), the festival called Eid-ul-Adha, (during which sheep are traditionally sacrificed), is celebrated everywhere in the Muslim world.
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Re: Marking the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2017, 08:39
Many thanks, your explanations are all useful for me
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