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# Mary, a veterinary student, has been assigned an experiment

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Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 853

Kudos [?]: 139 [0], given: 0

Mary, a veterinary student, has been assigned an experiment [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2006, 03:28
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Mary, a veterinary student, has been assigned an experiment in mammalian physiology that would require her to take a healthy, anesthetized dog and subject it to a drastic blood loss in order to observe the physiological consequences of shock. The dog would neither regain consciousness nor survive the experiment. Mary decides not to do this assignment.

Maryâ€™s decision most closely accords with which one of the following principles?
(A) All other things being equal, gratuitously causing any animal to suffer pain is unjustified.
(B) Taking the life of an animal is not justifiable unless doing so would immediately assist in saving several animal lives or in protecting the health of a person.
(C) The only sufficient justification for experimenting on animals is that future animal suffering is thereby prevented.
(D) Practicing veterinarians have a professional obligation to strive to prevent the unnecessary death of an animal except in cases of severely ill or injured animals whose prospects for recovery are dim.
(E) No one is ever justified in acting with the sole intention of causing the death of a living thing, be it animal or human.

Kudos [?]: 139 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 25 Sep 2006
Posts: 150

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

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07 Dec 2006, 04:36
I ll take B

A, I don't understand the word" gratuitously ". Hence I avoided
C is dead wrong. SHe should do it if she follow such principle.
D Unrelated
E is too strong.
_________________

livin in a prison island...

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 917

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

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07 Dec 2006, 05:29
I will go with D.

vineetgupta wrote:
Mary, a veterinary student, has been assigned an experiment in mammalian physiology that would require her to take a healthy, anesthetized dog and subject it to a drastic blood loss in order to observe the physiological consequences of shock. The dog would neither regain consciousness nor survive the experiment. Mary decides not to do this assignment.

Maryâ€™s decision most closely accords with which one of the following principles?
(A) All other things being equal, gratuitously causing any animal to suffer pain is unjustified.
Not just pain here, also death.
(B) Taking the life of an animal is not justifiable unless doing so would immediately assist in saving several animal lives or in protecting the health of a person.
We don't know if Mary thinks it is wrong to take the life of an animal, period.(C) The only sufficient justification for experimenting on animals is that future animal suffering is thereby prevented.
If she thought this, she would have conducted the experiment.

(D) Practicing veterinarians have a professional obligation to strive to prevent the unnecessary death of an animal except in cases of severely ill or injured animals whose prospects for recovery are dim.
Although Mary is not a practicing vet, the question only asks what her decision (making) closely resembles.

(E) No one is ever justified in acting with the sole intention of causing the death of a living thing, be it animal or human.
Death is not the sole intention in this case.

Kudos [?]: 57 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 17 Jul 2006
Posts: 702

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0

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07 Dec 2006, 10:08
hsampath wrote:
I will go with D.

vineetgupta wrote:
Mary, a veterinary student, has been assigned an experiment in mammalian physiology that would require her to take a healthy, anesthetized dog and subject it to a drastic blood loss in order to observe the physiological consequences of shock. The dog would neither regain consciousness nor survive the experiment. Mary decides not to do this assignment.

Maryâ€™s decision most closely accords with which one of the following principles?
(A) All other things being equal, gratuitously causing any animal to suffer pain is unjustified.
Not just pain here, also death.
(B) Taking the life of an animal is not justifiable unless doing so would immediately assist in saving several animal lives or in protecting the health of a person.
We don't know if Mary thinks it is wrong to take the life of an animal, period.(C) The only sufficient justification for experimenting on animals is that future animal suffering is thereby prevented.
If she thought this, she would have conducted the experiment.

(D) Practicing veterinarians have a professional obligation to strive to prevent the unnecessary death of an animal except in cases of severely ill or injured animals whose prospects for recovery are dim.
Although Mary is not a practicing vet, the question only asks what her decision (making) closely resembles.

(E) No one is ever justified in acting with the sole intention of causing the death of a living thing, be it animal or human.
Death is not the sole intention in this case.

It's a tough one. Author decides the answer.

IMHO, B should be the most relevant one.

Veter. Student asked to take a life of an animal or pet dog... so his decision matches with B.

D talks about veterinarians practice , policies and more. And it talks about
already injured or severely suffering animal .... Not talking life of an healthy pet animal.

So B is my answer on the real test

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Nov 2006
Posts: 349

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

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07 Dec 2006, 16:30
D sounded right at 1st but then realized Mary is a student, not a
practicing veterinarian.

B.

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 853

Kudos [?]: 139 [0], given: 0

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08 Dec 2006, 07:16
Thanks the OA is B....

Kudos [?]: 139 [0], given: 0

08 Dec 2006, 07:16
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