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Math: Coordinate Geometry

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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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Archit143 wrote:
So for a question where it is given that slope is -1/6, Than how can be sure that line intersects 2nd quad, I found this question on GMAT prep......
in-the-rectangular-coordinate-system-shown-above-does-the-90635.html

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As discussed, line with negative slope (-1/6<0) MUST intersect quadrants II and IV.
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2013, 04:45
HI Bunuel,
As karishma has also mentioned that a line with -ve slope can also be present in 1st quadrant than how can we be so sure that it is intersecting in 2nd quadrant,

Moreover as per the theory it must intersect in 2nd and 4th quadrant ...than as per statement 1 there are two possibilities.....line intersecting in in quad 2 and 4.....But we must have only one answer form the statement, for it to be correct answer..................

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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2013, 04:53
Archit143 wrote:
HI Bunuel,
As karishma has also mentioned that a line with -ve slope can also be present in 1st quadrant than how can we be so sure that it is intersecting in 2nd quadrant,

Moreover as per the theory it must intersect in 2nd and 4th quadrant ...than as per statement 1 there are two possibilities.....line intersecting in in quad 2 and 4.....But we must have only one answer form the statement, for it to be correct answer..................

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No, that's not what she said.

If the slope of a line is negative, line WILL intersect quadrants II and IV in ANY case. If X and Y intersects are positives, line ALSO intersects the quadrant I, if negative line ALSO intersects the quadrant quadrant III.
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2013, 23:53
Archit143 wrote:
So for a question where it is given that slope is -1/6, Than how can be sure that line intersects 2nd quad, I found this question on GMAT prep......
in-the-rectangular-coordinate-system-shown-above-does-the-90635.html

Archit


Since the slope is negative, the line will intersect the 2nd and 4th quadrant. We are talking about a line, not a line segment. A line extends indefinitely on both ends. The top end of the line will extend to intersect the 2nd quadrant under all circumstances.

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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2013, 05:16
Karishma, thats what i wanted to ask....In question it asks about whether the line is intersecting 2nd quadrant....Answer is Yes it does, but at the same time it may lie in 1st quadrant also as explained by you....I think i am badly confused on this....

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New post 10 Feb 2013, 05:23
Archit143 wrote:
Karishma, thats what i wanted to ask....In question it asks about whether the line is intersecting 2nd quadrant....Answer is Yes it does, but at the same time it may lie in 1st quadrant also as explained by you....I think i am badly confused on this....

Archit


Does it matter whether the line also lies in other quadrants? We know that it goes through the II and IV quadrants, it may also (simultaneously) go through either I or III quadrant, but this does not alter the fact that the line goes through the II, is it? So, the answer is YES.
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2013, 07:27
Thanks Bunuel....
I got it..

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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2013, 09:06
Hi Bunuel,

Thanks for the consolidated , yet elaborate content for the topic at one place.
I would be glad , if you can tell me as to , how did you arrive at the formula for the vertex of a parabola. I find it difficult to remember formulas and if there is a easy way to arrive at the formula itself , then would prefer to know that too , so it helps in case I forget the formula.
Appreciate any help on this.

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New post 05 Aug 2013, 11:19
Hi bunuel, firstly i want to thank for the explanations you provide to questions because most of them are pretty conceptual and healthy to understand.
Secondly, i wished i was more thorough with my concepts in co-ordinate geometry specifically PARABOLA. i had seen two parabola questions when i took the test & both were quite hard unfortunately, had to end up guessing. Have yu posted any questions related to Parabola ??
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The angle of inclination of a line with slope 1 is 45 degrees. I know that the angle for a line of slope 2 is not 90 degree, but i do not know why not.
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New post 04 May 2015, 12:45
All of the formulas in this post using division are messed up. I believe the formatting or something has changed and caused this error. Please fix this! See the current formula for the slop as an example.
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New post 05 May 2015, 00:52
Jamie19892000 wrote:
All of the formulas in this post using division are messed up. I believe the formatting or something has changed and caused this error. Please fix this! See the current formula for the slop as an example.


Everything looks fine for me. Can you please post a screenshot?
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New post 10 May 2016, 21:47
Thanks Bunuel this is my weak subject for the gmat.

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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2017, 13:14
Can you please explain here;


To answer, we must find the slope of each line and then check to see if one slope is the negative reciprocal of the other or if their product equals to -1.
SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358

SlopeCD=24−422−31=20−9=−2.22

The formula of the slope of two given coordinates are y2-y1 / x2-x1

However in some questions, 2nd coordinates (x2 y2)s are subtracted from 1sts (x1 y1) and in some, other way around. Can you please clarify what do we take into account concerning this formula?
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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Can you please explain here;


To answer, we must find the slope of each line and then check to see if one slope is the negative reciprocal of the other or if their product equals to -1.
SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358

SlopeCD=24−422−31=20−9=−2.22

The formula of the slope of two given coordinates are y2-y1 / x2-x1

However in some questions, 2nd coordinates (x2 y2)s are subtracted from 1sts (x1 y1) and in some, other way around. Can you please clarify what do we take into account concerning this formula?


Hi,

This is a mathematical rule. You can write a-b = -(b-a). Did you get this rule??

Now, in a similar way if you take - sign common from both numerator and denominator of y2-y1 / x2-x1,

you will get -(y1-y2)/-(x1-x2).

I hope you are aware of the rule that - signs can be cancelled out both a numerator and denominator.

So, we will be left with the formula, Slope = (y1-y2)/(x1-x2).

I hope that makes sense. :)
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2017, 04:22
mesutthefail wrote:
Can you please explain here;


To answer, we must find the slope of each line and then check to see if one slope is the negative reciprocal of the other or if their product equals to -1.
SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358

SlopeCD=24−422−31=20−9=−2.22

The formula of the slope of two given coordinates are y2-y1 / x2-x1

However in some questions, 2nd coordinates (x2 y2)s are subtracted from 1sts (x1 y1) and in some, other way around. Can you please clarify what do we take into account concerning this formula?


They are both the same.

\(Slope = \frac{(y2 - y1)}{(x2 - x1)} = \frac{(y1 - y2)}{(x1 - x2)}\)

Take an example:
(x1, y1) = (2, 3)
(x2, y2) = (5, -10)

\(Slope = \frac{(y2 - y1)}{(x2 - x1)} = \frac{-10 - 3}{5 - 2} = -\frac{13}{3}\)

\(Slope = \frac{(y1 - y2)}{(x1 - x2)} = \frac{3- (-10)}{2 - 5} = -\frac{13}{3}\)
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2017, 04:22

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