Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 360

Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
09 Jun 2015, 00:53
Question Stats:
57% (02:16) correct 43% (02:23) wrong based on 514 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recognized to have solved the Hilbert Conjecture. Ghosh posted his work on the internet,rather than submitting it to established journals. In fact, he has no job, let alone a university position; he lives alone and has refused all acclaim. In reporting on Ghosh, the press unfortunately has reinforced the popular view that mathematicians are antisocial loners. But mathematicians clearly form a tightly knit community,frequently collaborating on important efforts; indeed, teams of researchers are working together to extend Ghosh's findings. In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles? (A) The first is an observation the author makes to illustrate a social pattern; the second is a generalization of that pattern. (B) The first is evidence in favor of the popular view expressed in the argument;the second is a brief restatement of that view. (C) The first is a specific example of a generalization that the author contradicts;the second is a reiteration of that generalization. (D) The first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that the author asserts;the second is that generalization. (E) The first is a judgment that counters the primary assertion expressed in the argument; the second is a circumstance on which that judgment is based.
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.



Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Apr 2015
Posts: 360

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Jun 2015, 07:58
The author's conclusion is that mathematicians actually form a tightly knit community. The
counterargument is that mathematicians are antisocial loners. Now, label each statement as
either Conclusion, Premise For, or Premise Against. In the above argument, the first boldface
represents an example that supports the counterargument. Thus, the first statement is
Premise Against. The second boldface represents the author's conclusion. Now we can write
down our assessment of the boldface statements:
#1 = Premise against
#2 = Conclusion
Turning to the answer choices, we should assess each one methodically.
Evaluate the first half of choice (A) first. This says that the author uses this statement to
illustrate a social pattern. In other words, this choice asserts that statement #1 is Premise
For. We have labeled the first statement as Premise Against, so this choice is incorrect.
The first half of choice (B) says the first statement supports the popular view. The popular
view is the counterargument, so this choice argues that #1 is Premise Against. The second
half of choice (B),.hoWever, says that the second statement is the popular view. The second
statement is the author's conclusion, not the counterargument. Eliminate this 'choice.
The first half of choice (C) says that the first statement is an example of the counterargument
(in other words, Premise Against). The second half of choice (C) says that the second
statement reiterates the counterargument, but the second statement is the author's own conclusion.
Eliminate this choice.
The first half of choice (D) says that the first statement is a counterexample to the author's
conclusion (in other words, Premise Against). The second half of choice (D) says that the
second statement is the author's conclusion. We agree with these labels, so this is the correct
answer. As always, you. should read all the answer choices, but you may be at the twominute
mark already, in which case you should select (D) and move on.
The first half of choice (E) says that the first statement is a premise against the author's conclusion
(in other words, Premise Against). The second half of this choice, however, says that
the second statement is another Premise Against. Eliminate this choice.



Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2854
Location: Germany
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
02 Feb 2017, 05:51
rakaisraka wrote: Hi Experts , what is wrong with option B: As per me  BF1 is indeed a Fact/evidence which is in favour of the poplar view ( Mathematicians are not social). BF2 can be taken as restatement of the view that they are social. Dont know what is wrong. BF1 are BF2 are opposing statements. The term "restatement" indicates that both statements are on the same side. Hence B is wrong. (One quick technique to eliminate a few answers in a BF type question is to quickly identify whether the statements are on the same side or opposing each other.)



Manager
Joined: 27 Dec 2013
Posts: 197

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Jun 2015, 07:20
Hey Dom, I like Option C. but the OA is Option D. Do you have any OE for this. Of course, I am not expert at Boldface questions. dominicraj wrote: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recognized to have solved the Hilbert Conjecture. Ghosh posted his work on the internet,rather than submitting it to established journals. In fact, he has no job, let alone a university position; he lives alone and has refused all acclaim. In reporting on Ghosh, the press unfortunately has reinforced the popular view that mathematicians are antisocial loners. But mathematicians clearly form a tightly knit community,frequently collaborating on important efforts; indeed, teams of researchers are working together to extend Ghosh's findings.
In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
(A) The first is an observation the author makes to illustrate a social pattern; the second is a generalization of that pattern.
(B) The first is evidence in favor of the popular view expressed in the argument;the second is a brief restatement of that view.
(C) The first is a specific example of a generalization that the author contradicts;the second is a reiteration of that generalization.
(D) The first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that the author asserts;the second is that generalization.
(E) The first is a judgment that counters the primary assertion expressed in the argument; the second is a circumstance on which that judgment is based.
_________________
Kudos to you, for helping me with some KUDOS.



Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
Posts: 21
Location: India

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
01 Feb 2017, 17:59
Hello,
the OA is D  however I have some doubts. (D) The first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that the author asserts;the second is that generalization.
It says the first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that author asserts and second is that generalization. I am not sure if I understood that correctly.
The way I read this is  "mathematicians are antisocial loners"  is the generalization and "he has no job, let alone a university position" kind of supports that generalization. None of this is what author asserts. It's the opposite of what author concludes.
what am I missing?



Intern
Joined: 06 Oct 2015
Posts: 47

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
01 Feb 2017, 19:56
kuvshah wrote: Hello,
the OA is D  however I have some doubts. (D) The first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that the author asserts;the second is that generalization.
It says the first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that author asserts and second is that generalization. I am not sure if I understood that correctly.
The way I read this is  "mathematicians are antisocial loners"  is the generalization and "he has no job, let alone a university position" kind of supports that generalization. None of this is what author asserts. It's the opposite of what author concludes.
what am I missing? I think you are missing the point "generalization that the author asserts." The author never asserts that math people are antisocial individuals; rather, he advocates that they are a tight nit community. Therefore, the fact that the mathmatician has no job is a counterpoint to the author's generalization that they are a tight nit social community.



Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
Posts: 21
Location: India

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
01 Feb 2017, 20:18
pafrompa wrote: kuvshah wrote: Hello,
the OA is D  however I have some doubts. (D) The first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that the author asserts;the second is that generalization.
It says the first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that author asserts and second is that generalization. I am not sure if I understood that correctly.
The way I read this is  "mathematicians are antisocial loners"  is the generalization and "he has no job, let alone a university position" kind of supports that generalization. None of this is what author asserts. It's the opposite of what author concludes.
what am I missing? I think you are missing the point "generalization that the author asserts." The author never asserts that math people are antisocial individuals; rather, he advocates that they are a tight nit community. Therefore, the fact that the mathmatician has no job is a counterpoint to the author's generalization that they are a tight nit social community. I thought so. So here generalization is referring to Author's assertion that "mathematicians clearly form a tightly knit community" ?



Manager
Joined: 27 Aug 2015
Posts: 86

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
02 Feb 2017, 01:22
Hi Experts , what is wrong with option B: As per me  BF1 is indeed a Fact/evidence which is in favour of the poplar view ( Mathematicians are not social). BF2 can be taken as restatement of the view that they are social. Dont know what is wrong.



Manager
Joined: 27 Aug 2015
Posts: 86

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
02 Feb 2017, 01:23
Hi Experts , what is wrong with option B: As per me  BF1 is indeed a Fact/evidence which is in favour of the poplar view ( Mathematicians are not social). BF2 can be taken as restatement of the view that they are social. Dont know what is wrong.



Intern
Joined: 06 Oct 2015
Posts: 47

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
02 Feb 2017, 09:10
kuvshah wrote: pafrompa wrote: kuvshah wrote: Hello,
the OA is D  however I have some doubts. (D) The first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that the author asserts;the second is that generalization.
It says the first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that author asserts and second is that generalization. I am not sure if I understood that correctly.
The way I read this is  "mathematicians are antisocial loners"  is the generalization and "he has no job, let alone a university position" kind of supports that generalization. None of this is what author asserts. It's the opposite of what author concludes.
what am I missing? I think you are missing the point "generalization that the author asserts." The author never asserts that math people are antisocial individuals; rather, he advocates that they are a tight nit community. Therefore, the fact that the mathmatician has no job is a counterpoint to the author's generalization that they are a tight nit social community. I thought so. So here generalization is referring to Author's assertion that "mathematicians clearly form a tightly knit community" ? Correct, because that is the generalization "that the author asserts." It is a generalization that mathematicians are loners, but it's not the one put forward by the author.



Intern
Joined: 12 May 2016
Posts: 4

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
03 Oct 2017, 10:35
Can someone help me understand the answers between C and D? 'cos they are close to each other. Thanks! Sent from my General Mobile 4G Dual using GMAT Club Forum mobile app



Manager
Joined: 20 Feb 2017
Posts: 162
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
WE: Engineering (Other)

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
14 Feb 2018, 22:54
BF1 : he has no job, let alone a university position. A premise which provides a specific example of a generalization that "mathematicians are antisocial loners" BF2 : mathematicians clearly form a tightly knit community. A Generalized main conclusion that the author supports. A: The first is an observation the author makes to illustrate a social pattern; the second is a generalization of that pattern Wrong. Both one and second are saying different things. The second is a generalization of a different pattern.
B: The first is evidence in favor of the popular view expressed in the argument;the second is a brief restatement of that view. The second is not a brief restatement of the first view but rather endorses a different view. Eliminate BC: The first is a specific example of a generalization that the author contradicts;the second is a reiteration of that generalization The first statement is ok but the second "the second is a reiteration of that generalization" is incorrect. The second presents a different conclusion endorsed by the author.D: The first is a specific counterexample to a generalization that the author asserts;the second is that generalization. Correct . The BF1 is supporting a different conclusion that the argument endorses. The BF2 is that conclusion. E: The first is a judgment that counters the primary assertion expressed in the argument; the second is a circumstance on which that judgment is based. Easy to eliminate.
_________________
If you feel the post helped you then do send me the kudos (damn theya re more valuable than $)



NonHuman User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 6851

Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
Show Tags
01 Mar 2019, 03:17
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up  doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________




Re: Mathematician: Recently, Zubin Ghosh made headlines when he was recogn
[#permalink]
01 Mar 2019, 03:17






