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Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic

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Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2010, 09:15
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Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.
(A) which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be
(B) which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as
(C) believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being
(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be
(E) believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be

OA later.

Last edited by cano on 22 May 2010, 19:27, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Down's syndrome [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2010, 12:48
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I go for E.

see may explanations below:

cano wrote:
Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.
(A) which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be - Medical researches ARE NOT ,which, but WHO
(B) which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as - Medical researches ARE NOT ,which, but WHO
(C) believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being -- being is often wrong, lets keep an eye on it.
(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be it is closer , but the intended meaning is that NOT this abnormality , but mother's age .
(E) believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be - here is parallelism is maintained and correct idiom is used X, rather than Y, where X=Y are parallel, here is the abnormality is parallel to the age.

OA later.


please reveal the OA.

kudos are appreciated a lot ;)
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Re: Down's syndrome [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2010, 12:52
Dear, cano

please insert timer, when posting questions!

Thank you.
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Re: Down's syndrome [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2010, 18:29
OA is E.

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Re: Down's syndrome [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2010, 07:13
Pkit wrote:
Dear, cano

please insert timer, when posting questions!

Thank you.


Edit: timer inserted. Sorry for the inconvenience.

Ps: have you changed your username recently?

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Re: Down's syndrome [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2010, 07:22
cano wrote:
Pkit wrote:
Dear, cano

please insert timer, when posting questions!

Thank you.


Edit: timer inserted. Sorry for the inconvenience.

Ps: have you changed your username recently?


No, why did you ask me ? Why did you think so ?
pls pm me.
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2013, 10:20
I am rewriting the original sentence with E AC :

Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.

Now by removing the first and second non-essential modifiers from above we have:

Medical researchers believe that this abnormality may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.

the sentence is awkward?
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2013, 09:25
omidsa wrote:
I am rewriting the original sentence with E AC :

Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.

Now by removing the first and second non-essential modifiers from above we have:

Medical researchers believe that this abnormality may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.

the sentence is awkward?


I understand that you are pointing at the ambiguity which has creeped in due to the two 'this'.
IMO there is no ambiguity because there is only one abnormality mentioned in the entire sentence so 'this abnormality' clearly refers to that. And similarly, 'this congenial birth defect' refers to Down's syndrome.

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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2013, 03:17
Can you please help me understand why B wrong?

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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2013, 03:24
Quantumdigitz wrote:
Can you please help me understand why B wrong?


which and that when used as a relative pronoun ==>theY cannot refer to HUMAN BEINGS
HERE MEDICAL RESEARCHERS ARE HUMAN BEING ...AND HENCE THE USAGE OF WHICH TO REFER THEM IS WRONG....CORRECT USAGE IS WHO


WHO and WHOM can only refer to human beings...

hope it helps.
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2016, 19:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2017, 17:32
Hello Mike,

I am confused between option D & E. How to eliminate option D.
D says, other than age
E says, rather than age

Both can be correct option if we go meaning wise.

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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2017, 07:42
ammuseeru wrote:
Hello Mike,

I am confused between option D & E. How to eliminate option D.
D says, other than age
E says, rather than age

Both can be correct option if we go meaning wise.


The phrase "other than" means "except" - this meaning does not make any sense in this sentence.

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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2017, 08:04
cano wrote:
Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.
(A) which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be
Incorrect placement of Instead

(B) which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as
Too many clause

(C) believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being
Incorrect Tense

(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be
Wordy

(E) believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be

Correct Answer Choice E)
OA later.





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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2017, 04:33
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Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.

(A) Which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be --- First, this is a fragment. There is no verb for the subject searchers. Second, 'they' could refer to the researchers or the parents or in a weird way the children also.

(B) Which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as? ---- This is also a fragment as in A with no verb for researchers. Second the same pronoun reference problem with 'they'

(C) Believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being --- as being is superfluous

(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be -- other than may also mean apart from, in which case, the intended meaning is distorted.

(E) Believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be -- The best
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 10:05
Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic abnormality in parents of children with Down's syndrome, which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be the cause of this congenital birth defect.

Error:
1) comma+which refers to the noun just before it and thus in this sentence comma+ which incorrectly refers to Down's syndrome. Comma+ which must refer to genetic abnormality.
2) Also this sentence is a fragment as there is no verb for medical researchers.
3) Correct idiom is: believe that

(A) which they believe, instead of the age of the mother, may be
(B) which, they believe, may be more important than the age of the mother as
(C) believe this abnormality and not the age of the mother as being
(D) believe that this abnormality, other than how old the mother is, may be
(E) believe that this abnormality, rather than the age of the mother, may be
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Re: Medical researchers, who have identified a genetic   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2017, 10:05
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