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Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has

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Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 02:28
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (00:57) correct 38% (01:01) wrong based on 188 sessions

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Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has proven its effectiveness in several applications, including treating cancer,relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull pain.


A. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

B. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

C. including the treatment of cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

D. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

E. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

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Re: Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 02:33
1
A. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

Parallelism error. INCORRECT
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

B. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

The elements specified in the list are parallel.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

C. including the treatment of cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

Parallelism error. INCORRECT
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

D. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

"which" refers to applications and requires a plural verb "include" INCORRECT
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

E. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

"which" refers to applications and requires a plural verb "include" INCORRECT
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Hence option B
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Re: Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 02:38
+1 for B.

A. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

B. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling --> Correct, maintains parallel construct

C. including the treatment of cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

D. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

E. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling --> S-V error, 'applications' do not go well with 'includes'

Hence, B.
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Re: Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 04:43
Bunuel wrote:
Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has proven its effectiveness in several applications, including treating cancer,relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull pain.


A. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

B. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

C. including the treatment of cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

D. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

E. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling


KAPLAN OFFICIAL SOLUTION:




Correct Choice: (B)

All items in a list must be expressed in parallel form. Two items in the original version are gerunds (“treating..., relieving...”), but the third is not. The simplest correction is to make the third item a gerund as well, and only choice (B) correctly does this (“dulling pain”).

Choice (C) uses “dulling” too, but needlessly and erroneously changes one of the original terms (“treating” to “the treatment of”).

Choices (D) and (E) use the singular construction “which includes,”which does not agree with the plural “applications”.
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Re: Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2018, 15:57
Bunuel wrote:
Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has proven its effectiveness in several applications, including treating cancer,relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull pain.


A. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

B. including treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

C. including the treatment of cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling

D. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and it is able to dull

E. which includes treating cancer, relieving arthritis, and dulling


To make this sentence parallel, we need "dulling" as the third element.
So, B is the answer.
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Re: Methotrexate, which was originally developed fora single purpose, has   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2018, 15:57
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