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# migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache,

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Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2003
Posts: 187
Location: work chair

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19 Aug 2003, 22:12
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migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

i dared to choose D, they said, no, honey, it is B..
Manager
Joined: 28 Feb 2003
Posts: 147
Location: Kiev

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20 Aug 2003, 00:47
the same shit

I'd also chose (D)
_________________

Too much is not enough...

Senior Manager
Joined: 22 May 2003
Posts: 329
Location: Uruguay

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20 Aug 2003, 06:43
D and E are out because they refer to "lost medical expenses". It is the working time that was lost, the expenses were spent.

From the rest I think B is better because it correctly uses "thus" to connect the two parts of the sentence.
CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3454
Re: series of sc questions_3 [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2003, 17:33
surat wrote:
migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

i dared to choose D, they said, no, honey, it is B..

D conveys the wrong impression by suggesting that the loss of 64 million workdays costs the nation 50 billion in medical expenses...
The use of "costs" refers to a singular subject...whereas logically the subject is compound...Migraine and Lost workdays .....cost lost medical expenses and lost work time
The root of the problem..migraine..seems lost in the latter part of the sentence..

B correctly relates cause and effect.

Another sentence can be:

The NYSE, which is the unofficial gauge of the US economy , has lost ground for the past three years, wiping thousands of dollars of investor funds AND THUS indicating a slowdown in the economy.

The NYSE, which is the unofficial gauge of the US economy , has lost ground for the past three years, wiping thousands of dollars of investor funds THAT indicates a slowdown in the economy.
hope the distinction is clear

A real tricky one!
Given 2 mins, it will require real good concentration to spot that one!!

can anyone explain if there is a particular rule for using THAT.

thanks
Praetorian
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 736

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27 Dec 2006, 08:26
B is my choice.

A is out as the use of â€˜theyâ€™ is bit confusing.
E is out because â€˜whichâ€™ seems to be referring to the â€˜workdaysâ€™ as which always refer to the closest noun.
D needs â€˜andâ€™ in between â€˜yearâ€™ and â€˜thatâ€™. In its current form that is referring to â€˜workdaysâ€™ not the phrase â€˜who collectively lose 64 million workdaysâ€™.
VP
Joined: 28 Mar 2006
Posts: 1369

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30 Dec 2006, 07:11
D is wrong 'cos it appears the headaches cost the year (see the position of that)

B should be it
Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2006
Posts: 51

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30 Dec 2006, 17:36
Quote:
surat wrote:
migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

i dared to choose D, they said, no, honey, it is B..

D conveys the wrong impression by suggesting that the loss of 64 million workdays costs the nation 50 billion in medical expenses...
The use of "costs" refers to a singular subject...whereas logically the subject is compound...Migraine and Lost workdays .....cost lost medical expenses and lost work time
The root of the problem..migraine..seems lost in the latter part of the sentence..

B correctly relates cause and effect.

My choice is also B but the point raised by Praetorian about the compound subject is not clear to me. In my opinion, 64 million workdays in a year is a plural subject and requires "cost" as a verb. First part of the sentence is Migrane,(modifier),affects ------------- Americans,who(pronoun) collectively lose ------------------( here it is important to note that it is the lose of 64 million workdays that cost and not the migrane and lost days)
Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Sep 2006
Posts: 406

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31 Dec 2006, 11:20
migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost - they in the sentence does not have a clear referrent.

(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost -again distorts the meaning of the original sentence

(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and - again distorts the meaning of the original sentence

(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and - distorts the meaning of the original sentence
31 Dec 2006, 11:20
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