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# Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache,

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Director
Joined: 17 Oct 2005
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04 Dec 2005, 17:16
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82% (02:02) correct 18% (01:03) wrong based on 118 sessions

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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

Last edited by joemama142000 on 04 Dec 2005, 21:12, edited 1 time in total.
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04 Dec 2005, 23:35
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(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

will explain..
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05 Dec 2005, 00:03
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duttsit wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
will explain..

shouldn't it be "costs" to agree in number with noun (Migraine)

good question and i know you are intimited by the migrain.
the subject of the verb "cost" is not migrain.
the subject is "who". who refers to those migrain afflicted 18 mil people.
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05 Dec 2005, 04:44
1
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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
----> "they" is ambiguous , it can point to the "64 million workdays" or "the 18 million Americans" --> A out

(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
------> looks fine.

(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
------> " so as to" is used to express purposes so it's unsuitably used here. --->out

(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
--->wrong in meaning coz what "costs the nation....." here is

(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
-----> what "cost the nation...." should be "18 million Americans" , not "60 million workdays" ...thus E is incorrect.

I go for B.
VP
Joined: 22 Aug 2005
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04 Dec 2005, 23:38
HIMALAYA wrote:
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

will explain..

shouldn't it be "costs" to agree in number with noun (Migraine)
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Joined: 22 Aug 2005
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05 Dec 2005, 00:12
HIMALAYA wrote:
good question and i know you are intimited by the migrain.
the subject of the verb "cost" is not migrain.
the subject is "who". who refers to those migrain afflicted 18 mil people.

Gottit. you are too good for GMAT SC thanks.
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05 Dec 2005, 00:18
duttsit wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
good question and i know you are intimited by the migrain.
the subject of the verb "cost" is not migrain.
the subject is "who". who refers to those migrain afflicted 18 mil people.

Gottit. you are too good for GMAT SC thanks.

not as you are with math.
Director
Joined: 09 Jul 2005
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05 Dec 2005, 03:31
I am stuck between B and E. I think there is nothing wrong with E but this question has been discussed several times and OA is B. I can not understand what is wrong with E. Can anyone explain why E is wrong?
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05 Dec 2005, 08:02
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
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05 Dec 2005, 09:34
It should be "lost work time" so out with D and E.

(B) seems to be the most grammatically correct of the three remaining choices.
Director
Joined: 17 Oct 2005
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05 Dec 2005, 17:36
The OA is B

Can someone explain what the singular vs. plaural form of the verb "to cost"?

I was thought that the singular form of the verb "to cost" is "costs"

So isnt

"Migraine costs the nation" correct in this question?
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05 Dec 2005, 17:54
joemama142000 wrote:
The OA is B

Can someone explain what the singular vs. plaural form of the verb "to cost"?

I was thought that the singular form of the verb "to cost" is "costs"

So isnt

"Migraine costs the nation" correct in this question?

joemama142000, I had same question. Look at himalaya reply on this above.
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Director
Joined: 09 Jul 2005
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06 Dec 2005, 03:27
HIMALAYA wrote:
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

I learned from the OG, that Which has always to refer to a previous noun, not to an idea, and that that reference must be clear. I think that in E, "which" clearly refers to workdays. There is not confution about that. And workdays is a noun. IMHO this can not be the error. I think the error is about meaning.
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Joined: 24 Sep 2005
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06 Dec 2005, 03:54
automan wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

I learned from the OG, that Which has always to refer to a previous noun, not to an idea, and that that reference must be clear. I think that in E, "which" clearly refers to workdays. There is not confution about that. And workdays is a noun. IMHO this can not be the error. I think the error is about meaning.

sure, the error is about meaning. I think Himalaya also meant that coz he/she (???) wanted to point "which" to the correct object which it modifies.
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06 Dec 2005, 08:35
laxieqv wrote:
automan wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

I learned from the OG, that Which has always to refer to a previous noun, not to an idea, and that that reference must be clear. I think that in E, "which" clearly refers to workdays. There is not confution about that. And workdays is a noun. IMHO this can not be the error. I think the error is about meaning.

sure, the error is about meaning. I think Himalaya also meant that coz he/she (???) wanted to point "which" to the correct object which it modifies.

laxi gets here 800.
Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
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01 Jan 2011, 03:58
(B)

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and <missing lost>
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and <missing lost>
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Joined: 29 Oct 2008
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06 May 2011, 04:58
HIMALAYA wrote:
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

I think which can refer to migraine as well. "which" has another issue of not able to point living things i.e. Americans in this case.
This also means that "cost" is not possible because whether it is migrane or year as subject(if "which" is used), it will be a singular noun and cost is plural verb.

The primary reason why I kicked E out was "lost medical expenses and work time". "lost" is getting applicable on both of medical expenses and work time. It is fine in normal scenarios, but cost is already getting applied on medical expenses, which makes this lost redundant. It should not be "cost lost medical expenses", rather be "cost medical expenses" only.

So, there are multiple flaws for E to be kicked out.
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01 Dec 2012, 13:53
E is not out because of a parallelism issue, rather a meaning issue. You can't "lose medical expenses" as a result of migraines. Migraines would increase medical expenses, which is relayed in the OA of B: cost the nation \$ and lost work time.
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04 Feb 2014, 06:20
The problem in D is one of diction. It says that it costs the nation 50bn in lost medical expenses and work time. This is not true. It should say something like in answer choice B. It costs the nation 50bn in medical expeneses and lost work time. See the difference?

Hope it helps
Cheers
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02 Sep 2015, 05:26
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache,   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2015, 05:26
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