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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh

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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 07 Nov 2018, 17:47
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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.


(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and

(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and

https://www.nytimes.com/1988/12/25/nyregion/hospital-treats-headache-sufferers.html

Under the vascular heading are migraine and cluster headaches. Migraine, the most debilitating common form, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year and cost the nation about $50 billion in lost work time and medical expenses. A migraine, afflicting more women than men, usually affects one side of the head, lasts for hours or days and may recur as infrequently as once every other month or as often as once a week. Migraine is often accompanied by nausea, perspiring and sensitivity to sound and light.

Originally posted by joemama142000 on 20 Jun 2005, 17:49.
Last edited by hazelnut on 07 Nov 2018, 17:47, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2005, 22:35
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(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost

will explain..
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2005, 22:38
HIMALAYA wrote:
(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost

will explain..


shouldn't it be "costs" to agree in number with noun (Migraine) :?:
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2005, 23:03
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duttsit wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
will explain..

shouldn't it be "costs" to agree in number with noun (Migraine) :?:


good question and i know you are intimited by the migrain.
the subject of the verb "cost" is not migrain.
the subject is "who". who refers to those migrain afflicted 18 mil people.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2010, 06:56
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost - they can refer to 'Americans' or 'workdays'

(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost - thus is correct here. Americans lose workdays and thus (therefore) cost the nation $50 billion (CORRECT)

(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost - 'so as to' is almost always incorrect in GMAT

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and - 'that' refers to year which is incorrect. The loss of $64 billion dollars is because of the loss of workdays and not because of 'year'

(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and - 'which incorrectly refers to 'year'
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2013, 06:01
(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
", and they" makes the construction awkwrd. If they refers to the Americans then there is no need for the comma... Also, "they" should not be used... Look at the structure: "...afflicts blah blah Americans, who lose blah blah in a year and [they] cost.." NOT PARALLEL..

(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
CORRECT. "who collectivelu lose blah blah and thus cost the nation blah blah" simply modifies Americans

(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost
"Migraine afflicts a number of Americans, who are blah blah in a year, so as to cost the nation..." changes the meaning by making the cost look intentional...

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
misplaced modifier by touch-rule

(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and
"who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, which costs..." is OUT because of misplaced modifier.

Answer: B
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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2018, 08:47
joemama142000 wrote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.



(A) year, and they cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost - Wrong: 1) Pronoun Ambiguity 2) Parallelism issue

(B) year and thus cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost - Correct

(C) year, so as to cost the nation $50 billion in medical expenses and lost - Wrong: 1) Meaning issue

(D) year that costs the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and - Wrong: 2 modifier issues

(E) year, which thus cost the nation $50 billion in lost medical expenses and - Wrong: 2 modifier issues
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