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# Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh

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Director
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Updated on: 11 Aug 2017, 01:47
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63% (00:54) correct 37% (00:56) wrong based on 192 sessions

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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

Originally posted by joemama142000 on 04 Dec 2005, 17:16.
Last edited by hazelnut on 11 Aug 2017, 01:47, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question and added OA
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2005, 23:35
1
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

will explain..
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2005, 23:38
HIMALAYA wrote:
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost

will explain..

shouldn't it be "costs" to agree in number with noun (Migraine)
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2005, 00:03
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duttsit wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
will explain..

shouldn't it be "costs" to agree in number with noun (Migraine)

good question and i know you are intimited by the migrain.
the subject of the verb "cost" is not migrain.
the subject is "who". who refers to those migrain afflicted 18 mil people.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2005, 00:12
HIMALAYA wrote:
good question and i know you are intimited by the migrain.
the subject of the verb "cost" is not migrain.
the subject is "who". who refers to those migrain afflicted 18 mil people.

Gottit. you are too good for GMAT SC thanks.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2005, 03:31
I am stuck between B and E. I think there is nothing wrong with E but this question has been discussed several times and OA is B. I can not understand what is wrong with E. Can anyone explain why E is wrong?
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2005, 04:44
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Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
----> "they" is ambiguous , it can point to the "64 million workdays" or "the 18 million Americans" --> A out

(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
------> looks fine.

(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
------> " so as to" is used to express purposes so it's unsuitably used here. --->out

(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
--->wrong in meaning coz what "costs the nation....." here is

(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
-----> what "cost the nation...." should be "18 million Americans" , not "60 million workdays" ...thus E is incorrect.

I go for B.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2005, 08:02
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2005, 09:34
It should be "lost work time" so out with D and E.

(B) seems to be the most grammatically correct of the three remaining choices.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2005, 17:36
The OA is B

Can someone explain what the singular vs. plaural form of the verb "to cost"?

I was thought that the singular form of the verb "to cost" is "costs"

So isnt

"Migraine costs the nation" correct in this question?
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2005, 17:54
joemama142000 wrote:
The OA is B

Can someone explain what the singular vs. plaural form of the verb "to cost"?

I was thought that the singular form of the verb "to cost" is "costs"

So isnt

"Migraine costs the nation" correct in this question?

joemama142000, I had same question. Look at himalaya reply on this above.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2005, 03:27
HIMALAYA wrote:
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

I learned from the OG, that Which has always to refer to a previous noun, not to an idea, and that that reference must be clear. I think that in E, "which" clearly refers to workdays. There is not confution about that. And workdays is a noun. IMHO this can not be the error. I think the error is about meaning.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2005, 03:54
automan wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

I learned from the OG, that Which has always to refer to a previous noun, not to an idea, and that that reference must be clear. I think that in E, "which" clearly refers to workdays. There is not confution about that. And workdays is a noun. IMHO this can not be the error. I think the error is about meaning.

sure, the error is about meaning. I think Himalaya also meant that coz he/she (???) wanted to point "which" to the correct object which it modifies.
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Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perh  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2005, 08:35
laxieqv wrote:
automan wrote:
HIMALAYA wrote:
automan wrote:
Can anyone explain why E is wrong?

the use of "which" is wrong in E. as used in the question, "which" refers to "year".

Quote:
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

I learned from the OG, that Which has always to refer to a previous noun, not to an idea, and that that reference must be clear. I think that in E, "which" clearly refers to workdays. There is not confution about that. And workdays is a noun. IMHO this can not be the error. I think the error is about meaning.

sure, the error is about meaning. I think Himalaya also meant that coz he/she (???) wanted to point "which" to the correct object which it modifies.

laxi gets here 800.
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23 Jun 2010, 17:07
Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

(A) year, and they cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(B) year and thus cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(C) year, so as to cost the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost
(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and
(E) year, which thus cost the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and

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23 Jun 2010, 19:13
I chose B, even though I don't like it much.

A) sloppy pronoun agreement - "they" could refer to workdays.
B) It's the best, but I don't like "thus" - it makes me think we shouldn't be considering the medical expense cost
C) "so as to cost" is just bad
D and E) misplaced modifier: "lost medical expenses"
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23 Jun 2010, 20:58
Migraine ,,, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans,,, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and thus "cost" the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

Answer B does not make sense, migraine is singular, cost is missing s at the end.
So, by POE, i am choosing C
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23 Jun 2010, 21:04
mirzohidjon wrote:
Migraine ,,, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans,,, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and thus "cost" the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

Answer B does not make sense, migraine is singular, cost is missing s at the end.
So, by POE, i am choosing C

The problem with your reasoning is that "Americans" is the subject that "cost" agrees with. Notice the plural "lose"; "cost" needs to be parallel. At least that's how I read it. It can be very confusing.
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23 Jun 2010, 21:51
michigancat wrote:
mirzohidjon wrote:
Migraine ,,, afflicts perhaps 18 million Americans,,, who collectively lose 64 million workdays a year, and thus "cost" the nation \$50 billion in medical expenses and lost work time.

Answer B does not make sense, migraine is singular, cost is missing s at the end.
So, by POE, i am choosing C

Thank you, got it. Now, I see why answer needs to be B. I have to be careful when reading SC
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23 Jun 2010, 22:59
Clearly GMAT trap.
(D) year that costs the nation \$50 billion in lost medical expenses and ---> that modifies the year which is not the purpose. It should modify " lost workdays "
Re: Migraine, the most debilitating common form of headache, &nbs [#permalink] 23 Jun 2010, 22:59

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