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# Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared

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Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2010, 01:38
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Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.
A. Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,
B. Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, they cost less,
C. Minivans carry as many as seven passengers, in comparison with most sport utility vehicles, and have a lower cost, they
D. Minivans, carrying as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,
E. Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles the cost is lower, and they
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 26 Jul 2013, 09:46, edited 2 times in total.
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30 Oct 2010, 02:13
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Obvious D , a perfect question with two modifiers.

When there are too many words between verb and subject, error mostly lies in between both of them.

If any one has doubt pls let me know
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30 Oct 2010, 02:42
uhmm can you pls explain this with a little detail?
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31 Oct 2010, 03:06
Dude...The answer to this one is A and not D
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/min ... t6094.html
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31 Oct 2010, 03:09
I advise u to check the source ur referring to-this is a GMAT Prep question if I am not wrong!
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31 Oct 2010, 17:40
psychomath wrote:
Dude...The answer to this one is A and not D
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/min ... t6094.html

I did answer A and then tried to figure out why D was right.

D sounded as if all the other qualities are true only when minivan is carrying seven passengers.

I thought that 'and' after seven passengers was awkward in A, but an instructor in MGMAT forum explains why it is ok.

OA is A according to manahattan GMAT forum, so you should check the OA once again studen26.
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31 Oct 2010, 18:39
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A

I knew it! It was A.
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02 Jan 2011, 21:05
student26 wrote:
Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.
A. Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,
B. Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, they cost less,
C. Minivans carry as many as seven passengers, in comparison with most sport utility vehicles, and have a lower cost, they
D. Minivans, carrying as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,
E. Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles the cost is lower, and they

A. the use of and is wrong in this and id used either to introduce examples or join two clauses
b. they is ambiguous it can refer to suv
c. awkward
e they ambiguous
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02 Jan 2011, 21:49
psychomath wrote:
Dude...The answer to this one is A and not D
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/min ... t6094.html

I also fell for D. Nice explination on the link you gave
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02 Jan 2011, 22:37
(A)

Minivans are compared to SUVs, not minivans carrying seven passengers. Using this logic, I eliminated D.
A is the only remaining option.
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 22:17
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Consider options: B, C, and E.
Each of these sentences have "they" in it.
Option B:
A pronoun preceeded with a ',' always refers to the subject before the ','.
Therefore 'they' in "sports utility vechicles, they" refers to 'vechicles'.
But as per our original statement the author meant minivans to be cheaper.

So, eliminate option B.

Option C:
As already discussed for option B, a pronoun preceeded with a ',' always refers to the subject before the ',' .
Therefore 'they' in "have a lower cost, they" refers to 'lower cost' which according to autho should refer to minivans.

So, eliminate option C.

Option E:
Are you sure that 'they' in this statement is referring to 'minivans'? No, it may be referring to 'sports utility vechicles'.
There is an ambiguity as to whom 'they' is referring to.

Note that, in GMAT the option we choose shouldn't end up in ambiguity.

So, eliminate option E.

Now, we are left out only with options: A and D.

Consider option D :
Minivans, carrying as many as seven passengers,................, cost less.
What if these minivans carry just 6 passengers ? Are they going to cost more ??? Ruled out since it has changed the meaning.

We are left with just one option. Whether you agree or don't agree the left out option will be the answer.
And, the correct answer is option: A.
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2013, 22:15
How is the comparison maintained in this sentence? Totally stumped by this question I picked D. Detailed analysis anyone? Thanks!
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2013, 09:12
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fozzzy wrote:
How is the comparison maintained in this sentence? Totally stumped by this question I picked D. Detailed analysis anyone? Thanks!

Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.
A. Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,
B. Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, they cost less,
C. Minivans carry as many as seven passengers, in comparison with most sport utility vehicles, and have a lower cost, they
D. Minivans, carrying as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,
E. Minivans, which carry as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles the cost is lower, and they

I will give it a try....Option B,C and E are ruled out
I Chose D while solving it under timed condition but I think A is the Answer.
So now Lets look at Sentence Structure of A

Clearly Subject is : Minivans
Verb: Consider Sentence Structure
" Compared with most sport utility vehicles,Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.
In this structure verbs are Carry and List of others verbs having structure V2,V3,v4 and v5

Here Compared with most sport utilitiy vehicles is a Verb-ed modifier and it is the placement of this modifier which creates a confusion.

Now let's look at Sentence Structure D
"Minivans, carrying as many as seven passengers, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less,

Carry is converted to Carrying (Verb-ing modifier). Verbing modifier after comma does one of the 2 things
1. present result of the preceding clause or

In this sentence structure, we only have a Subject which is Minivans and not a complete clause and hence the placement of this modifier does not look appropriate.
Moreover this construction also changes the meaning of the sentence.
Note that Noun modifier should be close to the noun entity being modified. In this Sentence Structure, we have Noun, Modifier 1(verb-ing), Modifier 2(Verb-ed).
Modifier 2 could have been better placed

Clearly A looks better

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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2013, 09:32
Great analysis I would like to add if we change the structure a bit the sentence makes more sense and then you can see the comparison properly...

Original

Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.

Modified

compared with most sport utility vehicles,Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and,cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.

Good question definitely on the higher side in terms of difficulty..
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2013, 10:26
fozzzy wrote:
Great analysis I would like to add if we change the structure a bit the sentence makes more sense and then you can see the comparison properly...

Original
Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.

Modified

compared with most sport utility vehicles,Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and,cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.

Good question definitely on the higher side in terms of difficulty..

Thanks Fozzy!!!

My first kudos on SC post

Glad that you could understand the reasoning..
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2014, 10:04
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2015, 21:22
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2015, 13:37
WoundedTiger wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
Great analysis I would like to add if we change the structure a bit the sentence makes more sense and then you can see the comparison properly...

Original
Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.

Modified

compared with most sport utility vehicles,Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and,cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.

Good question definitely on the higher side in terms of difficulty..

Thanks Fozzy!!!

My first kudos on SC post

Glad that you could understand the reasoning..

So is this possible because the presence of the word AND this is possible to invert to link COMPARED to the MINIVAN?

Also how would this change if the comma came before the AND? so ,AND compared instead of AND, Compared
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2015, 11:06
To analyze between A and D you have to check the meaning.

A -> Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and cost less,...
They carry as many seven passengers and they cost less

D -> Minivans, carrying as many as seven passengers, cost less,...
They cost less because they carry as many as seven passengers? It doesn't make sense
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2015, 21:13
The parallelism is - "cost", "get", "allow" and “have" (all verbs). So, the only answer is D. "Carry" and "compared" are not the parallel items here. You got confused in the parallelism part.
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2015, 21:13

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