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Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo

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Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2016, 12:04
Swethas9 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
clubzzang wrote:

OA given is D. I'm not sure if it is okay with having two participles (i.e. carrying~, compared~). I went to A since after the comma we have comparisons. Pls elaborate your answer further? Thanks.

I am confused. Is the OA 'A' or 'D'? Also can someone please elaborate the difference between 'A' & 'D' in details. Thanks in advance!!

Though,I completely understand all the explanations of option A,I somewhat did not understand the parallelism in A.
In A : Minivans carry... and compared...
Here ,I feel that carry is a verb and compared is a verb-ed modifier.(because,minivans do not do the action of comparing,so "compared" is not a verb). So,how will a verb be parallel to a verb-ed modifier? Does it not violate the rule for parallelism?

The parallelism is not between "carry" and "compared". Here the two parallel verbs are "carry" and "cost". The basic structure of the sentence is as below:

Minivans carry passengers and cost less.

"compared with most sport utility vehicles" is a non-essential past participle (verb-ed) modifier, as you have correctly identified, and hence separated by two commas.
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Joined: 07 Jan 2016
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2016, 01:23
Can anyone justify the placement of comma after "and" in option A?

Will the placement of comma before "and" alter the meaning of the sentence?

Kindly help,
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2016, 04:10
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pooja k wrote:
Can anyone justify the placement of comma after "and" in option A?

Will the placement of comma before "and" alter the meaning of the sentence?

Kindly help,

Its used only to make a comparison. ", compared with most sport utility vehicles,". Notice if we remove this phrase we will still get a meaningful sentence.
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2016, 08:53
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pooja k wrote:
Can anyone justify the placement of comma after "and" in option A?

Will the placement of comma before "and" alter the meaning of the sentence?

Hi Pooja, the comma is not after and; the comma is before compared.

Basically compared with most sport utility vehicles is called a Parenthetical Expression in English grammar. Such expressions temporarily interrupt the main sentence.

The main sentence here is: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and cost less.....
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 12:50
When choosing between A and D, I picked A because I considered the "carry as many as seven passengers" to be essential to the sentence, vs. in D, where its in a gerund form and set off by commas. The gerund isn't the issue, more that the commas are indicating that the phrase is non-essential. Another hint for the phrase being essential is that the sentence is giving us examples as to why minivans are better than SUVs, and the "carry as many as seven passengers" is one of the examples.
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 05:45
i was confused between A and D.
can someone explain why A is correct and D is wrong.

what is the difference between A and D in terms of meaning
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
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Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 06:33
brs1cob wrote:
i was confused between A and D.
can someone explain why A is correct and D is wrong.

what is the difference between A and D in terms of meaning

Two consecutive modifiers without a conjunction in between is considered awkward - "carrying as many as seven passengers" and "compared with most sport utility vehicles" does not have a conjunction in between. Therefore D is wrong.
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2017, 08:55
Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most sport utility vehicles, cost less, get better gas mileage, allow passengers to get in and out more easily, and have a smoother ride.

List 1 : Carry and (cost,get,allow,andhave)

List 2 : cost,get,allow,and have
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Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2017, 11:10
daagh wrote:
IMO

The first thing to remember here is that this is a test of list //ism. That said, we must decide how many lists are there and what their corresponding arms are?

Is it one list that contains five arms?

Or

Are there two lists, one containing one arm and the other containing four arms?

Further elaborated, the two issues are whether

A. Mini vans is the plural subject followed by one simple long list comprising 1)carry four passengers 2. Compared to SUVS cost less 3) gets better gas mileage and 4) allow passengers to get in and get out easily and 5 have a smoother ride

Or

B. Mini vans is the plural subject followed by list 1. Carry seven passengers and list no 2, compared to SUVS (1 cost less, 2 get better gas mileage 3 allow passengers to get in and get out easily and 4. have a smoother ride)

If we say it is one long, long list with five arms, then the structure will be subject + arm1, arm2, arm3, arm4 and arm 5. It may be noted none of the choices has this structure.

If it is a question of two lists, then the structure will be subject + list 1 and list 2 containing arm 1, arm 2, arm 3 and arm 4.

This is the typical structure in choice A. That is why it is the right answer.

Finally in D, the act of the participial phase “carrying as many as seven passengers, compared with most SUVs,” totally distorts the meaning of the original text by shifting the comparison to carrying capacity, rather than to other factors such as cost, mileage, ease and smoother ride between the two types of automobiles involved.

I am always confused between the use of cost vs costs like which is singular and which is plural, I have seen sometimes that costs is used as plural and sometimes its usage is singular.
Daagh Sir can you please clarify this.
Re: Minivans carry as many as seven passengers and, compared with most spo   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2017, 11:10

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