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Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho

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Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 01:13
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Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.


A. severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

B. teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death

C. severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

D. teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death

E. severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 23:42

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.


A. severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

This sentence begins with a modifier: Misinformed about...substances. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is teenagers. However, what immediately follows the modifier is severe psychological and physical damage.

What helps us identify this question as a Dangling Modifier question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

    A modifier, characterized by all of the following:
    1. Verb+ing or Verb in 3rd form
    2. Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
    3. Appears at the very beginning of the sentence

Whenever you see this Stop Sign, focus on the modifier: check whether the noun right after the modifier is indeed the noun that the modifier describes. If it isn't - you've found your mistake.



B. teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death

This sentence begins with a modifier: Misinformed about... substances. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is teenagers, which in this answer choice indeed immediately follows the modifier.


C. severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

This answer choice repeats the original mistake. The sentence begins with a modifier: Misinformed about...substances. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is teenagers. However, what immediately follows the modifier is severe psychological and physical damage.

What helps us identify this question as a Dangling Modifier question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

    A modifier, characterized by all of the following:
    1. Verb+ing or Verb in 3rd form
    2. Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
    3. Appears at the very beginning of the sentence

Whenever you see this Stop Sign, focus on the modifier: check whether the noun right after the modifier is indeed the noun that the modifier describes. If it isn't - you've found your mistake.



D. teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death

Although this answer choice corrects the original Dangling Modifier mistake, it changes the meaning of the original sentence by replacing the verb become with are. Teenagers are not helpless victims to start off with. They can become helpless victims by using illegal substances.

E. severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

This answer choice repeats the original mistake. The sentence begins with a modifier: Misinformed about...substances. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is teenagers. However, what immediately follows the modifier is severe psychological and physical damage.

What helps us identify this question as a Dangling Modifier question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

    A modifier, characterized by all of the following:
    1. Verb+ing or Verb in 3rd form
    2. Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
    3. Appears at the very beginning of the sentence

Whenever you see this Stop Sign, focus on the modifier: check whether the noun right after the modifier is indeed the noun that the modifier describes. If it isn't - you've found your mistake.

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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 01:33
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The beginning modifier "Misinformed about .." needs to correctly modify teenagers.
A/C/E are out.

In D, "who are helpless addicts" is a non essential modifier separated by commas. We are generalising that all teenagers are addicts.
Hence D is out.

B is the correct answer.

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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 02:06
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Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.....................Here Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances are the teenagers....which needs to be nearer.....INCORRECT


B. teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death............CORRECT

C. severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts......Same as A...INCORRECT

D. teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death.....it shouldnt be who are .....which is in present tense....doesnt implicates and cause effect scenario......INCORRECT

E. severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts........Same as A.........INCORRECT


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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 02:20
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B is the correct answer.

Split #1: modifier error. After the modifier misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, we expect to see someone or something (i.e. animate) that can be misinformed. Only B and D have teenagers beginning the main clause after the modifier. It is logical for teenagers to be misinformed hence B and D do not have dangling modifier error. A, C, and E, on the other hand, have dangling modification errors. Severe psychological and physical damage cannot be misinformed. A, C, and E can be eliminated.

Split #2: Meaning. Between B and D, B says that teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death. This implies that only teenagers who become addicts are misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances. D, on the other hand, says that teenagers suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death. Grammatically, this is correct. The meaning, however, is distorted. B is clearer with the use of an essential modifier compared with D, which is not as clear as D. D is thus inferior to B.


Quote:
A. Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.


Quote:
B. Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death.


Quote:
C. Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.


Quote:
D. Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death.


Quote:
E. Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 02:38
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Quote:
Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.


A. severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

B. teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death

C. severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

D. teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death

E. severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts


notes: who is misinformed? teenagers; we are ref to those who "become addicts" not those who "are"; also, "who" shouldn't be sep by a comma, since it is essential information.

Ans (B)
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 09:14
Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.

A. severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts - WRONG. Major issue is modifier issue. Passive voice used. Meaning issue because of 'become'.

B. teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death - WRONG. Meaning issue because sentence suggests that it was teenagers intent to become helpless addicts.

C. severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts - WRONG. Major issue is modifier issue. Passive voice used. Meaning issue because of 'become'.

D. teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death - CORRECT. Only teenagers an be modified by 'modified ... substances'.

E. severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts - WRONG. Major issue is modifier issue. Passive voice used. Meaning issue because of 'become'.

IMO Answer D.
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 11:31
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Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.

The whole participle phrase "Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances" modifies a subject. Based on meaning, the subject is "teenagers". Hence, [A], [C], and [E] are out.

Only [B] and [D] are considered.

The only difference between [B] and [D] is that:

In [B]: "teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer..." is a defining clause. It means that the people who suffer are not general teenagers but only those who become helpless addicts.

In [D]: "teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer" is a non-defining clause. It means that the phrase "who are helpless addicts" can be dropped. At that time, the original meaning is changed and applied to teenagers in general and not only those who become helpless addicts. Also, one should be wary when the new sentence changes the main verb from "become" to "be" (i.e. one should be careful about the substantive meaning of the verb first and then its grammatical tense later).

Hence, [B] is my answer.
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 16:04
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Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.


A. severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts ----misplaced modification

B. teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death ----The correct choice

C. severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts ---misplaced modification

D. teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death ---This choice is branding all teenagers as helpless addicts. This is not contrary to fac.t Only some of the turn as helpless addicts. therefore wrong

E. severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addict----misplaced modification
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 17:56
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confusion b/w B and D
Seems B is more correct as it doesnot changes the meaning if the sentence.

Rest A, c and E have modifier errors
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 18:33
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My assumption to solve this question:

“Misinformed about… substances” -> should modify teenagers
Hence, A,C & E are eliminated.

Between “B” & “D”
As per the original sentence, the description of teenagers -> “who become helpless addicts” has been given an equal importance.
And the same can be seen in option “B”
Whereas in “A” putting the description about teenagers in comma slice alters the meaning of the original sentence.

Hence, Option B is the correct choice
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 22:26
Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.

Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, is a modifier clause that should be modifying a noun . A noun modified should come immediately after it.

A. severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts. Does not modify teenagers directly

B. teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death . who become with "can" is incorrect

C. severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts Does not modify teenagers directly

D. teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death. Correct

E. severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts Does not modify teenagers directly

D is correct
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2020, 22:39
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Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts.

Misplaced modifiers misinformed should refer to teenagers hence eliminate A, c and E.

In option B and D the option D omits the word become and changes the meaning of the sentence.

IMO B

A. severe psychological and physical damage, or even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

B. teenagers who become helpless addicts can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death

C. severe psychological and physical damage, sometimes even death, can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts

D. teenagers, who are helpless addicts, can suffer severe psychological and physical damage or even death

E. severe psychological damage, physical damage, or even death can be suffered by teenagers who become helpless addicts
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Re: Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho   [#permalink] 09 Apr 2020, 22:39

Misinformed about the true nature of illegal substances, severe psycho

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