GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Aug 2018, 06:43

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Waiting to hear from University of Texas at Austin
Joined: 24 May 2010
Posts: 73
Location: Changchun, China
Schools: University of Texas at Austin, Michigan State
Re: SC: Tacitus  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jul 2010, 18:47
What is the source for this question?

I did a search on Yahoo! and in another forum someone pointed out that choice D (my choice) also changes the timing of


the categorizing (past)

to

who categorize (ongoing)

the early scholars are most likely dead so they can not continue to categorize, at least not on earth in this dimension.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 30 Aug 2009
Posts: 20
Premium Member
Re: SC: Tacitus  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jul 2010, 03:16
Isn't there a preposition missing in A between "categorizing" and "Tacitus"?
I'm also confused with the possessive of "Tacitus's Germania"...shouldn't it be "Tacitus' Germania"?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 May 2010
Posts: 14
Re: SC: Tacitus  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Aug 2010, 06:16
C, D, E change the meaning of the original sentence. Categorize ... as if sounds weird. I go with A.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 158
Re: modern critics  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jan 2011, 04:39
(A)

(A) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as
(B) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as if
(C) scholars, categorizing of Tacitus’s Germania as
(D) scholars who categorize Tacitus’s Germania as
(E) scholars who categorize Tacitus’s Germania if
_________________

Raptor

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 14 Feb 2010
Posts: 130
Location: Banaglore
Re: SC: Tacitus  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jul 2011, 12:38
IMO D, what is the source of this question??

Options A sounds awkward.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Sep 2008
Posts: 105
Re: SC: Tacitus  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2011, 01:33
A considering as X,Y is correct idiom
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 552
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
Re: SC: Tacitus  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jul 2011, 14:49
what is the difference between these two versions?

(i) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as...
(ii) scholars’ categorization of Tacitus’s Germania as...

Although version (ii) wan't given in the question, I only want to
understand the difference between them
_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 01 Jan 2011
Posts: 25
Schools: INSEAD,IIMA,IIMB
Re: SC: Tacitus  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 00:21
D modified scholars...So A is correct
_________________

_________________________
Try and you will succeed !

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Dream big, work hard, and drink gallons of beer!
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 164
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT Date: 10-01-2011
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Re: SC: Tacitus  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2011, 11:09
1
gmatbull wrote:
what is the difference between these two versions?

(i) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as...
(ii) scholars’ categorization of Tacitus’s Germania as...

Although version (ii) wan't given in the question, I only want to
understand the difference between them


Latter uses noun+of construction when direct verb is available for this construction as used in the first sentence. As per MGMAT, noun+of constructions are considered wordy and should be replaced by a verb, although you may think that categorizing is not the main verb of this sentence.

I also feel for D but I agree with others about A.
_________________

If I look absent-minded or insane, I am just living a dream of being successful. If you still wonder why I am like this, you have no idea how success tastes like!

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 23 Aug 2011
Posts: 76
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 07:21
I agree with A, IMO

(A) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as --Correct
(B) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as if an ethnographic treatise.--If is mostly used to depict cause-effect / subjunctive mood and in this case it is neither of the both.Hence, "IF" is incorrectly used.
(C) scholars, categorizing of Tacitus’s Germania as an ethnographic treatise--the scholars should be in possesive case.This sentence construction also changes the meaning from the original. This construction "Categorizing of Tacitus’s Germania as an ethnographic treatise." seems like a fragment.
(D) .. amused by scholars who categorize Tacitus’s Germania as an ethnographic treatise---Change in meaning again, the main subjects are not amused by scholars but by the scholars' categorizing.
(E) amused by scholars who categorize Tacitus’s Germania if an ethnographic treatise --Change in meaning and incorrect usage of if
_________________

Whatever one does in life is a repetition of what one has done several times in one's life!
If my post was worth it, then i deserve kudos :)

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Jun 2012
Posts: 8
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 07:46
IMO D
how has one arrived at the conclusion that the meaning of the sentence is A and not D? Kindly explain.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Jun 2012
Posts: 8
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 08:10
One way i could think of D as a wrong choice is that it says CATEGORISE rather than CATEGORISED.... But still I m not sure about A...
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 23 Aug 2011
Posts: 76
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 08:59
amit82 wrote:
IMO D
how has one arrived at the conclusion that the meaning of the sentence is A and not D? Kindly explain.


It is always like that only.If 2 options (including original) are grammatically and logically correct, we have to stick with the original option i.e. A because it is preferred by GMAT.

There are lots of thread in which the same question of "change in meaning" is discussed.You can go through them as well.
changing-meaning-of-original-sentence-93405.html
_________________

Whatever one does in life is a repetition of what one has done several times in one's life!
If my post was worth it, then i deserve kudos :)

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 23 Aug 2011
Posts: 76
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 09:10
amit82 wrote:
One way i could think of D as a wrong choice is that it says CATEGORISE rather than CATEGORISED.... But still I m not sure about A...


My friend if you are rejecting this on grounds of tense by assuming that Modern critics are amused(participle) by early scholars (past indication) who categorize (they may be alive say 130 years old :) and still try to categorize--Present) or they can be (dead/ or they used to categorize ( categorized) in early periods--Past tense :roll: ), it will still have some distortion in meaning, so better to go for A.
_________________

Whatever one does in life is a repetition of what one has done several times in one's life!
If my post was worth it, then i deserve kudos :)

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Mar 2012
Posts: 53
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Strategy
Schools: LBS '16 (M)
GMAT 1: 710 Q47 V40
GPA: 3.7
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 12:16
1
edit: after writing it all out I see why it is A.

critics are amused by the categorizing itself, not by the scholars.
_________________

That 700.. I can taste it

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Jun 2012
Posts: 55
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 12:36
Went for A pretty soon. Really do not find a fault with B as such. Just found A to be better suited here.
_________________

My attempt to capture my B-School Journey in a Blog : tranquilnomadgmat.blogspot.com

There are no shortcuts to any place worth going.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jul 2011
Posts: 310
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 620 Q39 V35
GMAT 2: 620 Q43 V33
GMAT 3: 730 Q50 V40
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jul 2012, 13:09
I picked D :(
but I see now why A although awkward, is the correct answer
_________________

My GMAT Debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/third-time-s-a-charm-142800.html#p1145912
Quant Concept Videos : http://gmatlife.blogspot.com/2012/07/gmat-quant-videos.html
My GMAT Blog : http://gmatlife.blogspot.com/

Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 533
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2013, 05:41
I also find D as most suitable can some faculty memeber discuss this question in detail.

So that we may have discussion with complete explanation.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos :) It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 30 May 2011
Posts: 18
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2013, 07:24
(A) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as
(B) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as if (as if is a bit awkward and changes the meaning slightly)
(C) scholars, categorizing of Tacitus’s Germania as (modifying scholars)
(D) scholars who categorize Tacitus’s Germania as (changes the meaning, amused by the categorization, not the scholars)
(E) scholars who categorize Tacitus’s Germania if (changes the meaning, amused by the categorization, not the scholars)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2011
Posts: 80
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jul 2014, 06:27
linglinrtw wrote:
(A) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as
(B) scholars’ categorizing Tacitus’s Germania as if (as if is a bit awkward and changes the meaning slightly)
(C) scholars, categorizing of Tacitus’s Germania as (modifying scholars)
(D) scholars who categorize Tacitus’s Germania as (changes the meaning, amused by the categorization, not the scholars)
(E) scholars who categorize Tacitus’s Germania if (changes the meaning, amused by the categorization, not the scholars)

Good analysis of D and E. However, "categorizing" is not modifying "scholars" in C - instead, "categorizing" is modifying the entire preceding clause "Modern critics are amused by early scholars".

-ing can be one of three things:
1. verb
2. noun
3. present participle modifier

To be a verb, -ing must have a "to be" in front of it (ex. I am typing). That doesn't happen here.
To be a noun, -ing has to be a subject or an object of something (i.e. it has to function as a noun). That also doesn't happen here.
So, "categorizing" is a present participle modifier.

Without a preceding comma, a present participle modifier gives us restrictive (necessary to identify) information about the preceding noun or noun phrase. For example:

"The girl playing the piano is excellent." Here "playing the piano" is giving us information about the girl - information that we need to know in order to identify which girl is excellent.


However, with a preceding comma, a present participle modifier gives us additional information about the entire preceding clause. For exmaple:

"The girl played the piano, striking each key with precision." Here "striking each key with precision" is modifying the entire preceding clause "the girl played the piano" - it is telling us that, while playing the piano, she is striking each key with precision. Notice, and this is the point of all of this, that we are not saying that the immediately preceding noun ("piano") is striking each key, rather we are saying that the subject of the preceding clause ("girl") is striking each key.


By the way, sometimes we see this:

"The girl played the piano, masterfully striking each key with precision." This is the same as before - the addition of "masterfully" doesn't change it because it is just modifying the modifier (telling us how she is striking each key with precision).


Back to the original sentence, C says:

"Modern critics are amused by early scholars, categorizing of Tacitus’s Germania as an ethnographic treatise."

"Categorizing" is modifying the immediately preceding clause "Modern critics are amused by early scholars", meaning that, in their being amused by the scholars, modern critics also categorize Tacitus’s Germania as an ethnographic treatise. Notice here that the present participle modifier preceded by a comma is modifying the subject of the immediately preceding clause ("modern critics"), not the immediately preceding noun ("scholars"). That's a big difference.

This still has a distorted meaning because we actually want the scholars to be the ones doing the categorizing. D and E correctly have the scholars doing the categorizing, but they are wrong because they have the critics being amused by the scholars (and which scholars? the ones who tend to categorize...) when instead we want the critics to be amused by the characterization itself.

I only make this point because present participle modifiers that are set off by commas are somewhat commonly tested on the GMAT, so we need to be really careful about what they modify.
Re: Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing &nbs [#permalink] 11 Jul 2014, 06:27

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 45 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Modern critics are amused by early scholars categorizing

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.