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# Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required

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Intern
Joined: 30 Aug 2019
Posts: 4
Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2019, 12:23
Hi Guys,

Could use some help on whether that/which is appropriate here and the subject, verbs, clauses involved:

=> Larry failed his test (which/that) means he will be going to summer school.

According to me:
- we should use ,which as the which part is non-vital
- to summer school -> adverb clause (modifying will be going)
- Larry failed his test -> Noun Clause
- S-V pairs: Larry-failed ; He-will be going; Larry failed his test-means

Not sure if the Sentence formation is right as I just came across it on a YouTube video.

Thank You
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Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Oct 2019, 07:05
fjmar wrote:
Hi Guys,

Could use some help on whether that/which is appropriate here and the subject, verbs, clauses involved:

=> Larry failed his test (which/that) means he will be going to summer school.

According to me:
- we should use ,which as the which part is non-vital
- to summer school -> adverb clause (modifying will be going)
- Larry failed his test -> Noun Clause
- S-V pairs: Larry-failed ; He-will be going; Larry failed his test-means

Not sure if the Sentence formation is right as I just came across it on a YouTube video.

Thank You

As per the intended meaning of the sentence, the part of the sentence after "that/which" is modifying the clause before "that/which" by presenting the result of the action.
Clause (action)= Larry failed his test
Modifier (presenting result)= he will will be going to summer school

Now, usage of "which" in the above sentence is wrong because "which" can modify only a noun and never a clause. So, as per this sentence "which" is illogically modifying "test".

Furthermore, I think the sentence structure is incorrect because both "that" and "which" can't modify a clause. A correct structure would be "Larry failed his test, so he will be going to summer school" or "Larry failed his test, a situation that implies he will be going to summer school".

I hope you're clear.

Feel free to discuss any doubts.

Originally posted by iamsiddharthkapoor on 17 Oct 2019, 06:54.
Last edited by iamsiddharthkapoor on 17 Oct 2019, 07:05, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2019, 06:59
I think that both are incorrect, because that/which modify the previous noun (test), and this is not the intended meaning. (i.e: the test by itself doesn't mean that he will be going to summer school).
we need to use a clause modifier to modify the whole clause (Larry failed his test, meaning that he will be going to summer school), or start another independent clause to add the new information and link with a conjunction (Larry failed his test, thus he will be going to summer school)
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Re: Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2019, 07:22
Larry failed his test (?) means he will be going to summer school.

Here which/that have to refer to failed in test....

If we use which it refers only to test((noun)
But that refers to entire clause of failed in test

So usage of that is correct

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Re: Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2019, 15:47
Thanks for the reply guys I appreciate it
Re: Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2019, 15:47
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