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More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2015, 16:26
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Ergenekon wrote:
Mike, thanks for your quick reply. My problem with this question was that I could not understand official guide explanation : adverb economically conveys incorrect meaning.
I understand why B is wrong. However, I think economically was used correctly here from the meaning standpoint, it is jut a wrong part of speech. Don't you agree with me?

Dear Ergenekon,
My friend, you are trying to separate meaning from grammar, and that doesn't work. Changing the part of speech changes the meaning. That's what I explained above. On the one change, "as a means to greater economic development" = the precise meaning we want: we know what kind of development is meant. On the other hand, "as a means to greater development economically" = now, as I have said, we have no idea what kind of development this is: that's a colossal change in meaning. Which meaning we are taking from "economically" is also debatable, not clearly wrong but open to interpretation in a way that is less than ideal; furthermore, how it would be modifying the verb of the sentence changes the meaning even further. Changing a single adjective to an adverb leaves a noun strangely un-modified and a verb strangely modified: both are undesirable changes in meaning.
Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2015, 23:52
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.

(A) to greater economic development and investing
"and" shows the \\sm +stressing and investing are || hence correct

(B) to greater development economically and investing
Usage of economically is almost avoided on gmat hence meaning also distorts

(C) of greater economic development and invest
stressing and invest are not || + usage of idiom "means of" is not correct here

(D) of greater development economically and invest
same as B and C

(E) for greater economic development and the investment of
Changes the meaning and not ||

Hence A
Ans

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2016, 05:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 12:27
pierrealexandre77 wrote:
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.


(A) to greater economic development and investing
(B) to greater development economically and investing
(C) of greater economic development and invest
(D) of greater development economically and invest
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of
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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2016, 07:14
What is the intended meaning here ?

Is it

Cities are investing millions of dollars in cultural activities

or

Arts is a method to achieve investment of millions of dollars in cultural activities

?

If it is the latter and we ignore the idiom error in option E, can option E not be considered as a correct choice ? That way this sentence can be interpreted as :

arts is a method to achieve greater economic development and investment of millions of dollars in cultural activities.

I know, I am somewhere wrong in comprehending this statement. Please help me to point out the flaw in my understanding.
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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2016, 15:54
AK700 wrote:
What is the intended meaning here ?

Is it

Cities are investing millions of dollars in cultural activities

or

Arts is a method to achieve investment of millions of dollars in cultural activities

?

If it is the latter and we ignore the idiom error in option E, can option E not be considered as a correct choice ? That way this sentence can be interpreted as :

arts is a method to achieve greater economic development and investment of millions of dollars in cultural activities.

I know, I am somewhere wrong in comprehending this statement. Please help me to point out the flaw in my understanding.

Dear AK700,

I'm happy to respond. :-) Frankly, I wouldn't endorse either of the meanings you propose. Let's look at the prompt.
1) ... cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development ...
That's the first and most important thing the cities are doing. By stressing the arts, these cities hope to stimulate business growth in general.

It's quite typical, in American cities, that a city will encourage an arts program, say, a gallery walk on the first Friday of the month, and inevitably the people who participate wind up going out to dinner and spending money that supports the downtown businesses in general.

The goal is general economic development of all the businesses in the city. That's what the city really want to achieve. While it may not be obvious, supporting the arts is a way to achieve that goal.

That's action #1, and the cities are also pursuing separate action #2.

2) ... cities are ... investing millions of dollars in cultural activities ...

This second action is clearly something supportive to the first, which contains the bigger idea. Presumably investing in these culture activities will have a similar effect, and also will have beneficial effects on the whole economy.

The relationship between these two activities is clear in the correct parallelism of (A). The relationship between them is blurred and unclear in (E): choice (E) makes it sound as if the city's goal is investing millions of dollars in something non-essential. That's absolutely illogical and completely absurd from an economics point of view.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2017, 14:17
gdmat720 wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
OG 60)
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.
(A) to greater economic development and investing
(B) to greater development economically and investing
(C) of greater economic development and invest
(D) of greater development economically and invest
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of


IMO its C... for correct usage of idiom and parallelism...


exactly my line of thinking.

cities INVEST, not cities INVESTING...still don't understand how OA = A. Sure "investing" is parallel to "stressing" but I find this lacking in terms of meaning

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2017, 14:24
cities INVEST makes sense, not cities INVESTING...

Sure "investing" is parallel to "stressing" but I don't think it makes sense

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2017, 21:18
answer is B
parallel structure investing and stressing
and X is a means to Y is correct usage here

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2017, 06:34
eddy8700 wrote:
answer is B
parallel structure investing and stressing
and X is a means to Y is correct usage here


you didn't answer my main point which is "cities stressing" doesn't make sense

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2017, 02:07
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Pl. do not parse 'investing' in isolation. Read it along with the helping verb 'are' ---are stressing and (are) investing. We can now see the correct meaning in context.
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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2017, 15:10
daagh wrote:
Pl. do not parse 'investing' in isolation. Read it along with the helping verb 'are' ---are stressing and (are) investing. We can now see the correct meaning in context.


just to understand (and correct me if I'm wrong), are you saying that "and" here indicates a list containing 2 actions?

Meaning: cities (1) are stressing, AND (2) (cities are) investing? That is why there is a need to be parallel?

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2017, 06:08
LakerFan24 wrote:
daagh wrote:
Pl. do not parse 'investing' in isolation. Read it along with the helping verb 'are' ---are stressing and (are) investing. We can now see the correct meaning in context.


just to understand (and correct me if I'm wrong), are you saying that "and" here indicates a list containing 2 actions?

Meaning: cities (1) are stressing, AND (2) (cities are) investing? That is why there is a need to be parallel?


Yes, your understanding is correct - "are" covers both "stressing" and "investing". The usage is similar to the following:

I am reading a book and listening to music.

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2017, 11:15
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.
(A) to greater economic development and investing
Is CORRECT

(B) to greater development economically and investing
meaning changes:

greater economic development is NOT greater development
economically (by spending less money/ resource)
wrongs: investing missing
(C) of greater economic development and invest
(D) of greater development economically and invest
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2017, 09:23
"investing" parallel to "stressing" + "economic development" correct idiom whereas "development economically" incorrect idiom
Therefore A
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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 17:25
A is the answer.

B and D are out.

Stressing and Investing..

But I thought are stressing should be parallel to are investing..

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2017, 00:11
Imo A
Option A correctly maintains parallelism .
Economic should modify development .
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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2017, 04:18
a. cities are stressing.....and investing...parallel
b. greater development economically changes the meaning....
c. stressing ....and invest...not parallel
d. greater development economically....changes the meaning....stressing and invest not parallel
e. stressing ....and the investment of....not parallel.

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2017, 04:26
Hi.. I need some help.. I have given 8-10 mocks in 15 days. I am planning to give gmat within 20 days.

In all mocks, my scores are around 620-630 having Q49/V24. Verbal varies from V24 to V28. I analyze my tests and maintained error logs too. But, It didn't help me too.

I really need to improve my verbal score. GMAT experts please help.

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Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts   [#permalink] 11 Jul 2017, 04:26

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