It is currently 18 Oct 2017, 12:11

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1792

Kudos [?]: 1059 [1], given: 5

Location: New York
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2008, 15:36
1
This post received
KUDOS
20
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (00:54) correct 32% (00:55) wrong based on 2867 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 759
Page: 700

More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.

(A) to greater economic development and investing
(B) to greater development economically and investing
(C) of greater economic development and invest
(D) of greater development economically and invest
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Your attitude determines your altitude
Smiling wins more friends than frowning

Kudos [?]: 1059 [1], given: 5

Expert Post
9 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
S
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2311

Kudos [?]: 9032 [9], given: 335

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jan 2013, 06:42
9
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi,

I received a PM to clarify if we can solve this problem without the knowledge of correct idiom.

The answer to that question is, Yes. We can arrive at the correct answer choice purely on the basis of parallelism.
Let’s bring the problem and the answer choices here:

More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.

Let’s analyze each choice on the basis of parallelism.
(A) to greater economic development and investing: Correct. The two entities in the list are “are stressing” and “(are) investing millions of dollars in cultural activities”.

(B) to greater development economically and investing: Incorrect. “economically” is not the same as “economic”. “economically” means “inexpensively” whereas “economic” means pertaining to the finance.

(C) of greater economic development and invest: Incorrect. “invest” is not parallel to “are stressing”.

(D) of greater development economically and invest: Incorrect. Same errors as in choice C.

(E) for greater economic development and the investment of: Incorrect. This choice distorts the intended meaning as "are stressing" is not parallel to "the investment...".

The confusion between A and E can be further resolved much easily if we know the correct idiom pertaining to the use “means”.

The two correct idioms related to “means of” and “means to”.
“means of” = kind of
“means to” = method to achieve

Per the official sentence, the intended meaning is that “arts” is a method to greater economic development and investing lots of money in cultural activities. On this basis, choice A can be selected easily.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com


Last edited by egmat on 25 Jul 2014, 08:40, edited 3 times in total.

Kudos [?]: 9032 [9], given: 335

5 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 31 Aug 2009
Posts: 415

Kudos [?]: 347 [5], given: 20

Location: Sydney, Australia
Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Nov 2009, 03:35
5
This post received
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I think "a means to" in this case is similar to "a way to", so the correct answer is saying that cities are stressing the arts as a way to achieve greater economic development.

I believe that saying "a means of" is like saying "a way of". For example, while you wouldn't write "cars are a way of transport" you can say "cars are a means of transport".

I am sure there is a better explanation for this, I quickly googled it and couldn't find one, can anyone else offer a better explanation?

Kudos [?]: 347 [5], given: 20

4 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 31 Aug 2009
Posts: 415

Kudos [?]: 347 [4], given: 20

Location: Sydney, Australia
Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Nov 2009, 02:51
4
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
pierrealexandre77 wrote:
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.


The key here is parallelism. Cities are "stressing" and "investing". So eliminate C, D and E.
"Greater economic development" is better than "greater development economically". Greater is an adjective here. Eliminate B.

Answer is A

Kudos [?]: 347 [4], given: 20

3 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 603

Kudos [?]: 621 [3], given: 298

Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Nov 2014, 04:07
3
This post received
KUDOS
Tricky idioms:

as a means to : Outcome/Result
as a means of : action: Not fitting here.
as a means for : Always wrong on Gmat

You can take a note of these Idioms.

As a means to correct, C, D and E are out.

investing Vs Invest Vs Investment only investing is verb and is parallel to stressing(verb), but the decision point between A and B is tricky and need some more insight: Adjective Vs Adverb
economic development Vs Development economically

Economic(adjective) should modify the Noun development as soon as we change it to economically(adverb) it modifies the verb: stressing (it economically) and that doesn't make sense here, changes meaning. We need adjective here not adverb that's the take away.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos :) It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Kudos [?]: 621 [3], given: 298

2 KUDOS received
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 30 Apr 2008
Posts: 1867

Kudos [?]: 615 [2], given: 32

Location: Oklahoma City
Schools: Hard Knocks
Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2008, 18:56
2
This post received
KUDOS
I think the Answer is A.

Find the actions the city is doing. Cities are stressing and investing.

The verbs, when used together with one subject, must be parallel. Only A & B make this parallel. B uses "development economically", which sounds ok, but in English we usually put our adjectives BEFORE the modified noun.

x2suresh wrote:
OG 60)
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.
(A) to greater economic development and investing
(B) to greater development economically and investing
(C) of greater economic development and invest
(D) of greater development economically and invest
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of

_________________

------------------------------------
J Allen Morris
**I'm pretty sure I'm right, but then again, I'm just a guy with his head up his a$$.

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 615 [2], given: 32

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4421

Kudos [?]: 8430 [1], given: 102

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Mar 2015, 11:10
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Ergenekon wrote:
Chose A. Parallelism is between stressing and investing. I don't agree with e-gmat's answer that economically does not mean financially. I think economically can be used for both finance and not wasteful.

Chose A. Parallelism is between stressing and investing. I don't agree with e-gmat's answer that economically does not mean financially. I think economically can be used for both finance and not wasteful.

Dear Ergenekon,
I got your p.m. and I am happy to respond. :-)

First of all, you may find this blog helpful:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-sente ... al-ending/
The GMAT loves the "economic" vs. "economical" split.

As I think you already appreciate, these two words have very different meanings.
economic = related to the economy, to macro- or microeconomics;
an economic summit
the President's economic policy
the city's economic decisions
(i.e., decisions about money policies, spending, investing, etc.)
economical = thrifty; cost-cutting; designed to save money
an economical restaurant (i.e. one where we can get inexpensive meals)
an economical car (i.e. that doesn't strain the budget of the person who bought it)
the city's economical decisions (i.e. city-wide cost-cutting measures)

Now, I believe your question concerns the adverb, "economically." This adverb corresponds to which adjective? Well, if we think more in terms of the pure mathematical grammatical patterns, then we could start with either adjective and turn it into this adverb. BUT, think about the logic of the word. The word "economic" most often denotes a large-scale process, not necessarily something that is the consequence of the decision of one person or a few people; after all, the economy involves the action of what Adam Smith called the "invisible hand," the emergent properties of the system which arise without anyone having intended them. By contrast, the word "economical" always implies a very specific decision of one person or a group of people.

By far, the most common use of the adverb "economically" would be in the latter context, describing the intentions and goals of the individuals who are in the process of enacting cost-cutting measures. It is conceivable to use the adverb in the former sense, but typically, the actor would a nation or other large group. For example,
India is advancing economically.
In that sense, clearly we discussing the national economy of India, so we are using the adverb in the "economic" sense, not in the "economical" sense.

Now, let's consider this SC question, and choices (A) & (B), which get the parallelism correct:
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.
(A) to greater economic development and investing
(B) to greater development economically and investing

Incidentally, this question also test the very subtle idiom difference of "means of" vs. "means to." See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-sente ... -means-to/
Obviously, (A) is flawless, but let's ignore that for the moment. What is going on with (B)? Suppose (B) were correct: what would it mean?
.... cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater development economically ....
Notice that, in this (B) version, we have absolutely no idea what kind of development the author has in mind----artistic development? personal development? moral development? spiritual development? The arts are going to support this kind of development, whatever it is, and somehow this connection between the arts and this unspecified development is related to the economic situation of the city. You see, if the development we have in mind is very specifically the development of the city's economy, then we need to use the adjective "economic" to modify development, not the adverb "economically" to modify the verb "are stressing." We are not talking about a variety of "stressing" that is related to the economy; we are trying to talk about a kind of "development" that is related to the economy. When what we want to modify is a noun, not a verb, we need an adjective, not an adverb.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

Kudos [?]: 8430 [1], given: 102

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Jun 2008
Posts: 100

Kudos [?]: 135 [0], given: 0

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2008, 17:35
x2suresh wrote:
OG 60)
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.
(A) to greater economic development and investing
(B) to greater development economically and investing
(C) of greater economic development and invest
(D) of greater development economically and invest
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of


Interesting...if it is on parallel, hen A should be the answer. But idiom perspective, as a means OF...is a correct usage. But...as a means to...sounds okay...I went for a //. A should be the answer.

Kudos [?]: 135 [0], given: 0

SVP
SVP
avatar
Joined: 04 May 2006
Posts: 1881

Kudos [?]: 1398 [0], given: 1

Schools: CBS, Kellogg
Premium Member
Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2008, 19:02
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I think C is parallel

More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to (C) of greater economic development and invest
_________________

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1398 [0], given: 1

Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 02 Aug 2007
Posts: 186

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 0

Schools: Wharton
Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2008, 20:13
Straight A.

Parallelism: are stressing to do X and investing.

I will say though that ARE investing would be better and clearer..

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 398

Kudos [?]: 290 [0], given: 0

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2008, 21:58
Are stressing and [are] investing.

Choose A.

Kudos [?]: 290 [0], given: 0

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 07 May 2008
Posts: 16

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2008, 22:11
x2suresh wrote:
OG 60)
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.
(A) to greater economic development and investing
(B) to greater development economically and investing
(C) of greater economic development and invest
(D) of greater development economically and invest
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of


IMO its C... for correct usage of idiom and parallelism...

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 Jul 2006
Posts: 230

Kudos [?]: 51 [0], given: 0

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2008, 23:32
Parallelism: stressing... and investing...

Going with A

Kudos [?]: 51 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 286

Kudos [?]: 117 [0], given: 0

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jun 2008, 03:03
Easy to A.
Elimination of B is the catch. "Economically" changes the meaning.

Kudos [?]: 117 [0], given: 0

SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1792

Kudos [?]: 1059 [0], given: 5

Location: New York
Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2008, 19:39
Thanks guys...

OA is A
_________________

Your attitude determines your altitude
Smiling wins more friends than frowning

Kudos [?]: 1059 [0], given: 5

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Sep 2009
Posts: 112

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 10

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Nov 2009, 03:07
Hi yangsta8,

I noticed the parallelism but I think I don't know the idiom "as a means..."

When should I use "as a means to" and when should I use "as a means of" ?

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 10

VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1476

Kudos [?]: 756 [0], given: 6

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Apr 2010, 07:20
More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts as a means to greater economic development and investing millions of dollars in cultural activities, despite strained municipal budgets and fading federal support.

(A) to greater economic development and investing - stressing and investing are parallel, also means to greater economic development is correct
(B) to greater development economically and investing
(C) of greater economic development and invest - stressing and invest is not parallel
(D) of greater development economically and invest - stressing and invest is not parallel
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of - stressing and invest is not parallel

Kudos [?]: 756 [0], given: 6

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 180

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 4

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2011, 02:48
(A)

(A) to greater economic development and investing
(B) to greater development economically and investing
(C) of greater economic development and invest
(D) of greater development economically and invest
(E) for greater economic development and the investment of
_________________

Raptor

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 4

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 158

Kudos [?]: 35 [0], given: 15

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jan 2011, 18:24
A parallelism.
tense present to present continuous

Kudos [?]: 35 [0], given: 15

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Nov 2010
Posts: 103

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 15

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jul 2011, 15:55
Chose C but A makes sense for parallelism.

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 15

Re: More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts   [#permalink] 12 Jul 2011, 15:55

Go to page    1   2   3   4    Next  [ 65 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

More and more in recent years, cities are stressing the arts

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.