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More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

(A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
(B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
(C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
(D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
(E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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A& B eliminate- with is wrong
C& D does not have 'in recognition of'

my answer is E
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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OA is E

I like this SC very much
It actually tests 2 good idioms to remember
1) to reward somebody a medal
2) in recognition of
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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sanoasis wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American
soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue


Agree the answer is E

The core of the sentence reads

[They] were awarded the medal of honor....in recognition of...blah blah blah.

Here we have a "split sentence"--framework #4. The middle phrase "the nation's highest military award" is just a descriptive phrase that describes "Medal of Honor." Taking out this phrase, you have the core of the sentence mentioned above... "[They] were awarded X in recognition of Y" (Look at how much simpler this is to handle than the real question!)

Awarded "the Medal of Honor" is correct and simple.
Awarded "with the Medal of Honor" is unnecessary and more complex.

Notice the phrase "in long overdue recognition"...here "long overdue" is just extra wording...really the idiomatic expression is "in recognition of"---which is used correctly in answer E.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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hi nusmavrik,

try to think in terms of what is preferred on the GMAT exam, rather than what is technically right or wrong.

On the GMAT, "awarded X" is preferred over "awarded with X"--if you can express one idea well with fewer words, why do it with more?

Having said that, I see "awarded with" in so many publications that it's hard to label them all as "grammatically incorrect."

Don't bother getting yourself into intellectual discussions about the technicalities. Just know that for the GMAT, "awarded X" is preferred. When in doubt, simple is better.

Hope that helps.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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I was not sure about the "award with X" or "award X" idiom but was able to stike out the options because of other errors.

More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in - 'was' is incorrect here because the 'Medal of honor' exists in present also.

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue - this sounds as "the nation’s highest military award" is for long overdue recoginition of bravery. Distorts the meaning.

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in - 'was' is incorrect here because the 'Medal of honor' exists in present also.

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue - this sounds as "the nation’s highest military award" is for long overdue recoginition of bravery. Distorts the meaning.

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue - 'the nation’s highest military award' correctly describes 'Medal of Honor' and the 'Medal is in recognition of their bravery'
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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sanoasis wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American
soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military
award, long-overdue in
D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for longoverdue
E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in longoverdue


Congressional Medal of Honor is the nation's highest military award. So eliminate A,C for that.
the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue means the award is for long overdue recognition whi9ch is wrong. For these soldiers this award was long overdue.

So E is correct
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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nelz007 wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded--some of them posthumously--with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

(A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
(B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
(C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
(D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
(E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue

Please explain the answer choices. OA later.

Dash has been used just to add emphasis to posthumous, therefore the rest of sentence must be read in continuation.
Now between 'awarded with the congressional medal' and 'awarded the congressional medal' , later is more precise and simple usage. Eliminate choice A and B.
Among C, D and E. E is the correct sentence as it uses correct form of idiom 'in recognition of' while other two dont (actually choice B as well). eliminate C and D. C and A have one additional meaning issue because of use of 'was', suggesting that congressional medal is no more the highest military award. Therefore apart from E each choice has atleast two issues.

Ans E it is!
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2012, 06:34
nelz007 wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded--some of them posthumously--with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

(A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
(B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
(C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
(D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
(E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue

Please explain the answer choices. OA later.


IMO B.

I framed sentence as follows
a number of African American soldiers were awarded with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A) incorrect- both which modifier indeed modifies Congressional Medal of Honor, so need to be as close as possible
B) correct
C) incorrect - preposition with is missing
D) incorrect - preposition with is missing
E) incorrect - preposition with is missing

pls correct me if i was wrong..
Also provide ur views on this question....
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2012, 10:09
Caas wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.



A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue


Please explain


The answer must be E.

X was awarded Y is the right usage. Using WITH is not correct. So that leaves us with C,D, & E.

Out of these contenders "in long-overdue recognition..." is the right usage. That eliminates C, D.

E is the correct choice.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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shanmugamgsn wrote:
Edvento wrote:
Caas wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.



A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue


Please explain


The answer must be E.

X was awarded Y is the right usage. Using WITH is not correct. So that leaves us with C,D, & E.

Out of these contenders "in long-overdue recognition..." is the right usage. That eliminates C, D.

E is the correct choice.



Why not C here ?
Even C is similar to E...


C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in

C is ambiguous because of past tense use. Is the " Medal of Honor" no more nation's highest military award now ? Or it was no more the highest military award when it was honored to soldiers.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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Caas wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.



A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue


Please explain


My guess is C

A) I think the ending is incorrect in using which again
B) no comma after award suggests the award is actually for long over due recognition rather than bravery
C) sounds right?
D) same reason as B
E) maybe right as well?

I think I would be split between C and E. I'm not sure the correct usage of long overdue or in long overdue
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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animanga008 wrote:
Caas wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.



A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue


Please explain


A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military awardedand which was long overdue in
1) incorrect idiom "awarded with" should just be "awarded," commonly confused because of the idiom "rewarded with"

B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
1) like (A), incorrect idiom "awarded with" should just be "awarded," commonly confused because of the idiom "rewarded with"
2) incorrectly modifies "the Congressional Medal of Honor" with "for long-overdue...", changes meaning

C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
1) incorrectly modifies "the Congressional Medal of Honor" because adjective prepositonal phrases (adj + prepositon) modify the noun they come after; should modify "recognition" in "in recognition of"

D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
1) like (B), incorrectly modifies "the Congressional Medal of Honor" with "for long-overdue...", changes meaning

E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue
correctly uses idiom and modifiers
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.


A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
Wrong. "X was awarded something". NOT "X was awarded with something".

B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
Wrong. "X was awarded something". NOT "X was awarded with something".

C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
Wrong. "long-overdue in...." is modifier ==> modifies the preceding clause "which was the nation's highest military award" ==> Does not make any sense.

D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
Wrong. X were awarded the medal for (long-overdue) recognition of their bravery <== wrong. "for recognition of something" is WRONG idiom.

E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue
Correct. "in recognition of something"is correct idiom

Hope it helps.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in

B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue

C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in

D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue

E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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vabhs192003 wrote:
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded―some of them posthumously―with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

A. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in
B. with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue
C. the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in
D. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long overdue
E. the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long overdue

Dear vabhs192003,
This is a great question. I'm happy to help. :-)

Split #1: "awarded" vs. "awarded with". The construction "awarded with" is idiomatically incorrect. We would just say Q was awarded the XYZ medal. (A) & (B) make this mistake and cannot be correct.

Split #2: idiom for recognition. The correct idiom here is "in recognition", not "for recognition". (B) & (D) make this mistake and cannot be correct.

That gets us down to (C) vs. (E), which is the hard part of this question. First, look at the way they both modify the name of the medal:
(C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, ...
(E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, ...
Choice (E) uses an appositive phrase. For more on this, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... e-phrases/
This structure is very elegant and concise. By contrast, the "which" clause in (C) is a little longer. There's also a problem with verb tense. I realize the tense is the same as in the prompt, but the past tense makes it sound as if that medal WAS the nation's highest military award, but isn't anymore. Is this true? Was a new highest honor recently introduced to supersede this medal? Hmmm, this calls for outside knowledge, but it just seems unlikely that whatever the highest military honor was recently (in the 1990s) would be swapped out for something else. Not only is (C) longer and clunkier, but it also raises awkward questions about verb tense & implication that (E) sleekly avoids.
Both endings are acceptable ("long-overdue in recognition" vs. "in long-overdue recognition"), because we could reasonably say that either the medal or the recognition was overdue. The above discussion indicates why (E) is a superior answer, and the best answer here.

BTW: outside knowledge: the Congressional Medal of Honor is still the nation's highest military honor.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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I have read the above responses. I am still not convinced E is the answer. How "in long overdue" clears the meaning ?

American soldiers were awarded X .... in long overdue recognition of their outstanding bravery.

Can somebody please explain???

@egmat - can you please explain.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2014, 12:59
More than fifty years after the Second World War, a number of African American soldiers were awarded, some of them posthumously, with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in recognition of their outstanding bravery.

After first look, I tested for S/V agreement for correct modifier placement.

A) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, and which was long overdue in Wrong. "And" must join two common elements, but here it is joined illogically to the main clause. This is also a common splice in that "which" is long overdue" is not a complete sentence.

B) with the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue "For long-overdue" modifies award while the phrase should modify the verb.

C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in Ok - I'll argue that this is correct because the modifiers are correctly placed. "long-overdue" is an adverbial modifier describing how the medal was awarded.

D) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award for long-overdue Wrong - "for long overdue recognition" modifies the type of award.

E) the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest military award, in long-overdue Wrong - "in" is a preposition that describes the preceding noun "award"

IMO C.

Last edited by mejia401 on 08 Feb 2014, 13:02, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2014, 13:02
readytolearn wrote:
shanmugamgsn wrote:
Edvento wrote:

The answer must be E.

X was awarded Y is the right usage. Using WITH is not correct. So that leaves us with C,D, & E.

Out of these contenders "in long-overdue recognition..." is the right usage. That eliminates C, D.

E is the correct choice.



Why not C here ?
Even C is similar to E...


C) the Congressional Medal of Honor, which was the nation’s highest military award, long-overdue in

C is ambiguous because of past tense use. Is the " Medal of Honor" no more nation's highest military award now ? Or it was no more the highest military award when it was honored to soldiers.


Nice catch. Since the medal still exists, an past tense verb destroys the meaning of the sentence. To whatever extent, "in" can also be an adverb to refer to a something's state.

Therefore, IMO E.
Re: More than fifty years after the Second World War   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2014, 13:02

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