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Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious

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Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2014, 02:55
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Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious diet to promote the health of their babies. However, most babies who are born to women who ate nutritious diets while pregnant still develop at least one medical probiem in their first year.

Which one of the following, if true, does most to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the information above?
(A) Women who regularly eat a nutritious diet while pregnant tend to eat a nutritious diet while breast-feeding.
(B) Most of the babies born to women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant develop no serious medical problems later in childhood.
(C) Babies of women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant tend to have more medical problems in their first year than do other babies.
(D) Medical problems that develop in the first year of life tend to be more serious than those that develop later in childhood.
(E) Many of the physicians who initially recommended that pregnant women consume nutritious diets have only recently reaffirmed their recommendation.
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Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2014, 06:18
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We need to select a new information, where both the statement in the argument will be true, without contradicting each other.

Lets do the POE to arrive at the answer,

(A) Women who regularly eat a nutritious diet while pregnant tend to eat a nutritious diet while breast-feeding- Unrelated- And no way it removes the paradox- So Eliminate.

(B) Most of the babies born to women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant develop no serious medical problems later in childhood- It Contradicts the statement- So Eliminate.

(C) Babies of women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant tend to have more medical problems in their first year than do other babies- This new information correctly resolves the paradox- Babies of women who don't eat nutritious diet, have more medical problems than those the babies of women who have nutritious diet. So Hold.

(D) Medical problems that develop in the first year of life tend to be more serious than those that develop later in childhood- Out of Scope- We don't need to look at the seriousness of the problems.

(E) Many of the physicians who initially recommended that pregnant women consume nutritious diets have only recently reaffirmed their recommendation- Same as D.

So the correct answer is C.
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Re: Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 03:23
Hi One question,

Option C tells about babies of women who did not have more nutritious food. But it does not explain why babies of women who had more nutritious food have medical problem during first year.

Please help.

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Re: Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 03:51
mba1382 wrote:
Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious diet to promote the health of their babies. However, most babies who are born to women who ate nutritious diets while pregnant still develop at least one medical probiem in their first year.

Which one of the following, if true, does most to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the information above?
(A) Women who regularly eat a nutritious diet while pregnant tend to eat a nutritious diet while breast-feeding.
(B) Most of the babies born to women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant develop no serious medical problems later in childhood.
(C) Babies of women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant tend to have more medical problems in their first year than do other babies.
(D) Medical problems that develop in the first year of life tend to be more serious than those that develop later in childhood.
(E) Many of the physicians who initially recommended that pregnant women consume nutritious diets have only recently reaffirmed their recommendation.


Breakup : 1. Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious diet to promote the health of their babies.
2. However, most babies who are born to women who ate nutritious diets while pregnant still develop at least one medical problem in their first year.

So we need to think that why even after taking a nutritious diet by the pregnant ladies, the new born is developing one medical problem in 1st year.
a.) It might be the case that the babies born to pregnant ladies who were not taking nutritious diet might be having more medical problems in 1st year.
b.) The ladies who were taking nutritious diet during pregnancy must have left taking nutritious diet after baby was born (during breast feeding).

(A) Women who regularly eat a nutritious diet while pregnant tend to eat a nutritious diet while breast-feeding.
If they tend to eat a nutritious diet while breast feeding, the babies must not develop any issues. This doesn't resolve discrepancy.

(B) Most of the babies born to women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant develop no serious medical problems later in childhood.
This again doesn't resolve discrepancy as if the babies of the the women who did not took nutritious diet are still healthy , we can;t see any relevance of nutritious diet.

(C) Babies of women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant tend to have more medical problems in their first year than do other babies.
Yes this is correct. So the babies of the the women who did not took nutritious diet are having more medical problems in the first year. And if the ladies take nutritious food, the medical problems tens to decrease and reduce upto and average of 1.

(D) Medical problems that develop in the first year of life tend to be more serious than those that develop later in childhood.
The argument doesn't have to do anything with the seriousness of the medical problem in later years.

(E) Many of the physicians who initially recommended that pregnant women consume nutritious diets have only recently reaffirmed their recommendation.
This strengthens the argument a little bit but doesn't resolve the discrepancy. It instead creates a mystery.
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Re: Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 21:58
Hello hellosanthosh2k2,

My two cents here.

Firstly, this is a 'Resolve Paradox' type of question. Secondly, note what the stem says - 'Which one of the following, if true'. This means we have to consider the facts given in the options as true and then resolve the apparent Paradox in the question. Plainly put, we can say that 'outside information' from the answer choices can be used to resolve the Paradox in the question.

The paradox here is - Even though the women follow doctors advice, their babies have at least one medical problem. Then, why should the women follow the doctor's advice?

Note the words used in the question - 'Nutritious diet will promote the health of the babies'. This implies that nutritious food will not make the babies perfectly healthy, just make them healthier.

Answer choice C does the trick for us here. It brings in new information that will help us resolve the paradox. It says 'Babies of women who did not eat nutritious diets while pregnant tend to have more medical problems in their first year than do other babies'. This shows that shows that if a mother does not eat nutritious food the baby will be less healthy. This resolves our paradox.


hellosanthosh2k2 wrote:
Hi One question,

Option C tells about babies of women who did not have more nutritious food. But it does not explain why babies of women who had more nutritious food have a medical problem during first year.

Please help.

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Re: Most doctors recommend that pregnant women eat a nutritious   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2017, 21:58
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