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# Most employees in the computer industry move from company to

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Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2009, 22:11
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Most employees in the computer industry move from company to company, changing jobs several times in their careers. However, Summit Computers is known throughout the industry for retaining its employees. Summit credits its success in retaining employees to its informal, non hierarchical work environment.

Which of the following, if true,most strongly supports Summit's explanation of its success in retaining employees?
(A) Some people employed in the computer industry change jobs if they become bored with their current projects
(B) A hierarchical work environment hinders the cooperative exchange of ideas that computer industry employees consider necessary for their work
(C) Many of Summit's senior employees had previously worked at only one other computer company
(D) In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs
(E) The cost of living near Summit is relatively low compared to areas in which some other computer companies are located

Correct me if I am wrong, but how can the "cooperative exchange of ideas" relate to job satisfaction. Moreover, how does "hindering the work" lead to employees leaving the company? It doesn't make sense. Statement (D) does this more clearly, as it actually has the word "dissatisfaction", and having one less assumption to make!
The explanation for (B) is "The statement properly identifies a point that strengthens the company's argument, relating the work environment to job satisfaction and therefore to employees' remaining at the company".
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2009, 00:29
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mlsbbe wrote:
Most employees in the computer industry move from company to company, changing jobs several times in their careers. However, Summit Computers is known throughout the industry for retaining its employees. Summit credits its success in retaining employees to its informal, non hierarchical work environment.

Which of the following, if true,most strongly supports Summit's explanation of its success in retaining employees?

(A) Some people employed in the computer industry change jobs if they become bored with their current projects

(B) A hierarchical work environment hinders the cooperative exchange of ideas that computer industry employees consider necessary for their work

(C) Many of Summit's senior employees had previously worked at only one other computer company

(D) In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs

(E) The cost of living near Summit is relatively low compared to areas in which some other computer companies are located

OA:
B

I chose (D). The explanation for (B) is "The statement properly identifies a point that strengthens the company's argument, relating the work environment to job satisfaction and therefore to employees' remaining at the company".

Correct me if I am wrong, but how can the "cooperative exchange of ideas" relate to job satisfaction. Moreover, how does "hindering the work" lead to employees leaving the company? It doesn't make sense. Statement (D) does this more clearly, as it actually has the word "dissatisfaction", and having one less assumption to make!

IMO B. Cooperative exchange of ideas might not diractly relate to job satisfaction but it is necessary for them to work.
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2009, 10:07
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mlsbbe wrote:
Most employees in the computer industry move from company to company, changing jobs several times in their careers. However, Summit Computers is known throughout the industry for retaining its employees. Summit credits its success in retaining employees to its informal, non hierarchical work environment.

Which of the following, if true,most strongly supports Summit's explanation of its success in retaining employees?

(A) Some people employed in the computer industry change jobs if they become bored with their current projects

(B) A hierarchical work environment hinders the cooperative exchange of ideas that computer industry employees consider necessary for their work

(C) Many of Summit's senior employees had previously worked at only one other computer company

(D) In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs

(E) The cost of living near Summit is relatively low compared to areas in which some other computer companies are located

OA:
B

I chose (D). The explanation for (B) is "The statement properly identifies a point that strengthens the company's argument, relating the work environment to job satisfaction and therefore to employees' remaining at the company".

Correct me if I am wrong, but how can the "cooperative exchange of ideas" relate to job satisfaction. Moreover, how does "hindering the work" lead to employees leaving the company? It doesn't make sense. Statement (D) does this more clearly, as it actually has the word "dissatisfaction", and having one less assumption to make!

Please remember that GMAT questions/options line of reasoning need not be TRUE in the real life also....
A -> if this were true, the conclusion would surely be weakened, since it would attribute the success not to informal nature and non-hierarchy
C -> Doesnt prove anything. Its like telling that since an employee has moved only one job, he wouldnt move from Summit
D -> Too much of magnanimity on the part of the employees, even if true, would atmost weaken the conclusion
E -> This again, like option A, weakens the argument by saying that there are other reasons for the Summits' ability to retain employees

This leaves only option B. And even B alone can be directly seen to support the argument.
Please let me know if this explanation helped....
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2009, 13:32
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Correct me if I am wrong, but how can the "cooperative exchange of ideas" relate to job satisfaction. Moreover, how does "hindering the work" lead to employees leaving the company?
I didn't like B either but I still chose it. Here's why if you'll accept it. Cooperative exchanges of ideas relates to job satisfaction because "employees consider it necessary for their work." So it links a nonhierarchial work environment to job satisfaction but it somewhat leaves open the link between job satisfaction and employee retention. Therefore, I kept it as a possible and kept reading.

Quote:
In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs

D is the other possible at least initially. It links a nonhierarchial environment with satisfaction which, I guess is linked to retention. But it does something else. It says that since people are in a nonhierarchial environment they aviod speaking of dissatisfaction. So their issues go unresolved. This would suggest that they are more likely to attrite in a nonhierarchial environment than a hierarchial- contending with Summit Computer's claim. And the question asks us for something that supports the claim that the environment of nonhierarchy helps retention. Does that answer your question? The other 3 choices don't come close to strengthening the assumption.
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2009, 13:42
mlsbbe wrote:
Most employees in the computer industry move from company to company, changing jobs several times in their careers. However, Summit Computers is known throughout the industry for retaining its employees. Summit credits its success in retaining employees to its informal, non hierarchical work environment.

Which of the following, if true,most strongly supports Summit's explanation of its success in retaining employees?

(A) Some people employed in the computer industry change jobs if they become bored with their current projects

(B) A hierarchical work environment hinders the cooperative exchange of ideas that computer industry employees consider necessary for their work

(C) Many of Summit's senior employees had previously worked at only one other computer company

(D) In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs

(E) The cost of living near Summit is relatively low compared to areas in which some other computer companies are located

OA:
B

I chose (D). The explanation for (B) is "The statement properly identifies a point that strengthens the company's argument, relating the work environment to job satisfaction and therefore to employees' remaining at the company".

Correct me if I am wrong, but how can the "cooperative exchange of ideas" relate to job satisfaction. Moreover, how does "hindering the work" lead to employees leaving the company? It doesn't make sense. Statement (D) does this more clearly, as it actually has the word "dissatisfaction", and having one less assumption to make!

We agree that A,B,E - are out of scope.
Conclusion : Sumit's success is because of informal & non-hierarchical work environment.

We need to strengthen the C (that's what the Q is about)

D - it stressess more on "not discussing with colleagues". Look out for words such as threaten, dissatisfaction - these are negative words
B - something is neccessary for the success, which is no-hierarchy. This strengthen's the conclusion. Thus, is your best bet.

B
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2009, 09:50
OA should be B. Agree with the reasoning provided by hitman4683
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2009, 10:37
By POE, B.

D: presence of Employee dissatisfaction is mentioned. So ruled out.
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Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 00:37
Most employees in the computer industry move from company to company, changing jobs several times in their careers. However, Summit Computers is known throughout the industry for retaining its employees. Summit credits its success in retaining employees to its informal, nonhierarchical work environment.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports Summit’s explanation of its success in retaining employees?
(A) Some people employed in the computer industry change jobs if they become bored with their current projects.
(B) A hierarchical work environment hinders the cooperative exchange of ideas that computer industry employees consider necessary for their work.
(C) Many of Summit’s senior employees had previously worked at only one other computer company.
(D) In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs.
(E) The cost of living near Summit is relatively low compared to areas in which some other computer companies are located.
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Last edited by nguyendinhtuong on 20 May 2017, 07:00, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 02:14
Should be (B).

A): Being bored with current projects has nothing to do with hierarchy. Irrelevant.
B): CORRECT. If a hierarchical work environment is a hindrance to something that employees consider necessary to their work, then they will leave if the environment is hierarchical or stay if it is not.
C): The number of companies the employees had previously worked with is irrelevant.
D): There is no relation drawn between people voicing dissatisfaction and people quitting their jobs. Incorrect.
E): The cost of living is irrelevant to this argument. Incorrect.
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 07:45
mlsbbe wrote:
Most employees in the computer industry move from company to company, changing jobs several times in their careers. However, Summit Computers is known throughout the industry for retaining its employees. Summit credits its success in retaining employees to its informal, non hierarchical work environment.

Which of the following, if true,most strongly supports Summit's explanation of its success in retaining employees?
(A) Some people employed in the computer industry change jobs if they become bored with their current projects
(B) A hierarchical work environment hinders the cooperative exchange of ideas that computer industry employees consider necessary for their work
(C) Many of Summit's senior employees had previously worked at only one other computer company
(D) In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs
(E) The cost of living near Summit is relatively low compared to areas in which some other computer companies are located

Hey Guys, just checking this one out. So here I am again. Which one will strengthen the claim that an Informal, NH WE improves success at retaining employees?
Well clearly we have 2 contenders here, B and D I tried using the negation technique on this one, and guess what? Ouch, I didn't get the correct answer.
Let's go through the logical reasoning here.

So using negation technique:
In B - A hierachical WE does NOT hinder the cooperative exhange of ideas bla, bla, bla. Well if it does not hinder the exchange of ideas then will a nonhierachical WE do? Doesn't mean it has to. So I guess this took me nowhere
In D- In a NH work environment, people DO NOT avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony etc.. So I think this one if true would weaken the claim. So this must be the correct answer choice.

Nevertheless, I think I got it wrong. Wonder how? Any thoughts?
Many thanks
Cheers
* Will be happy to throw some Kudos out there for any proper explanation on why this negation technique didn't quite work for this problem
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 10:15
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@jldgr:

The question is a strengthen question, not an assumption question. So negation won't work

Option D is wrong because it actually weakens the argument. It implies that people can be dissatisfied in a non hierarchical which works exactly against the arguments conclusion.
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 10:26
notrandom wrote:
@jldgr:

The question is a strengthen question, not an assumption question. So negation won't work

Option D is wrong because it actually weakens the argument. It implies that people can be dissatisfied in a non hierarchical which works exactly against the arguments conclusion.

Thanks a lot buddy, I guess I got too damn excited and tried to apply the negation technique to other questions but you are totally right and apologies to everyone for creating confusion.

Kudos for you!
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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11 May 2015, 09:23
mlsbbe wrote:
Most employees in the computer industry move from company to company, changing jobs several times in their careers. However, Summit Computers is known throughout the industry for retaining its employees. Summit credits its success in retaining employees to its informal, non hierarchical work environment.

Which of the following, if true,most strongly supports Summit's explanation of its success in retaining employees?
(A) Some people employed in the computer industry change jobs if they become bored with their current projects
(B) A hierarchical work environment hinders the cooperative exchange of ideas that computer industry employees consider necessary for their work
(C) Many of Summit's senior employees had previously worked at only one other computer company
(D) In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs
(E) The cost of living near Summit is relatively low compared to areas in which some other computer companies are located

Correct me if I am wrong, but how can the "cooperative exchange of ideas" relate to job satisfaction. Moreover, how does "hindering the work" lead to employees leaving the company? It doesn't make sense. Statement (D) does this more clearly, as it actually has the word "dissatisfaction", and having one less assumption to make!
The explanation for (B) is "The statement properly identifies a point that strengthens the company's argument, relating the work environment to job satisfaction and therefore to employees' remaining at the company".

Well, look at it this way.

The stimulus says that the company's success is because of its non-hierarchical work environment. The question stem asks us to strengthen this claim, therefore: we need to find something that says "the non-hierarchical system" is why we are successful, and not because of some other factor.

To support this claim, we can either say "Non-hierarchical is the reason we are successful" (aka "Cause --> Effect"). BUT, strengthening questions can also be in the form of "Cause NOT occuring --> Effect NOT occuring", which is what (B) states. In other words, (B) is saying that "hierarchical is bad because it hinders the employees", aka "No "non-hierarchical system" --> No good"

Does this make sense?
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2015, 00:32
I think that the key difference between B and D is wording.
(B) A hierarchical work environment hinders the cooperative exchange of ideas that computer industry employees consider necessary for their work >>certainty

(D) In a nonhierarchical work environment, people avoid behavior that might threaten group harmony and thus avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs >> possibility
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2016, 20:52
(D) :"avoid discussing with their colleagues any dissatisfaction they might have with their jobs" -> we don't know whether this way is good or bad for employees. Maybe because they don't speak out what they dissatisfy, they can't solve the conflict or make the relationship better -> lead to more conflicts.

(B) says clearly that this is what they "consider necessary for their work"
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2016, 00:12
Its looks to me as cause and effect claim. Cause - informal, non-hierarchical work environment Effect - Employee Retention
So basically what I understood is that any answer choice that will provide evidence regarding the positive effect of informal, non-hierarchical environment should help make me believe that the claim made by Summit Computers is correct.

I only found choice B which suits my thinking. Choice D was close but on re-analyzing this choice a couple of times it looked like a negative for non-hierarchical work environment rather than a positive.
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2017, 01:59
I've chosen D, however after additional analysis I realized that despite the fact that "D" strengthens the claim and can possibly have a positive effect on company's policy to retain employees, it does it in a negative way, I believe it's a reverse logic trap. "B", in fact, is more stronger.
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2017, 01:42
It's very revealing that some of us are struggling to decide whether D is a positive or a negative. That's a pretty good sign that it isn't the Strengthen answer we wanted! In the end, we just don't know whether avoiding discussions about dissatisfaction has a positive effect on employee retention. It's quite a stretch!
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Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2017, 18:43
choice D should be eliminated b/c the non-hierarchy creates too dissatisfaction, leading to job changing.
Re: Most employees in the computer industry move from company to   [#permalink] 09 Apr 2017, 18:43
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