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Most geologists believe oil results from chemical

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Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2008, 09:36
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Most geologists believe oil results from chemical transformations of hydrocarbons derived from organisms buried under ancient seas. Suppose, instead, that oil actually results from bacterial action on other complex hydrocarbons that are trapped within the Earth. As is well known, the volume of these hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms. Therefore, our oil reserves would be greater than most geologists believe.

Which of the following, if true, gives the strongest support to the argument above about our oil reserves?

(A) Most geologists think optimistically about the Earths reserves of oil.

(B) Most geologists have performed accurate chemical analyses on previously discovered oil reserves.

(C) Ancient seas are buried within the Earth at many places where fossils are abundant.

(D) The only bacteria yet found in oil reserves could have leaked down drill holes from surface contaminants.

(E) Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms by roughly the same proportion as bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons.
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Re: CR : Most geologists believe oil results  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2008, 09:54
It should be E IMO.

because if both chemical transformation and bacteria are reducing hydrocarbon and complex hydrocarbons respectively to the same amount then obviously oil reserves will be more for the one which is in greater quantity beneath the earth( which is the complex hydrocarbon in this case)
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Re: CR : Most geologists believe oil results  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2008, 09:55
E. tranformation ratio is same, its given that there are more complex hydrocarbin than organism

100 organism --> chemical tranformation --> 10 oil
1000 complex hydrocarbon --> bacterial reaction --> 100 oil

means there'll be more oil
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Re: 100 CR Toughie  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2009, 18:53
1
Which of the following, if true, gives the strongest support to the argument above about our oil reserves?

(A) Most geologists think optimistically about the Earth's reserves of oil.
> lesser reserves > weaken.

(B) Most geologists have performed accurate chemical analyses on previously discovered oil
reserves.
> neutral.

(C) Ancient seas are buried within the Earth at many places where fossils are abundant.
> neutral.

(D) The only bacteria yet found in oil reserves could have leaked down drill holes from surface
contaminants.
> weakens the hypothesis > weakens conclusion.

(E) Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms by roughly the same proportion as bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons.
> same 'yield' > but hydrocarbon is more abundant > conclusio is strengthened.
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Re: 100 CR Toughie  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2009, 06:35
1
A) Most geologists think optimistically about the Earth's reserves of oil.
weakens the conclusion in a way.

(B) Most geologists have performed accurate chemical analyses on previously discovered oil
reserves.
this doesn't support the conclusion.

(C) Ancient seas are buried within the Earth at many places where fossils are abundant.
Not related

(D) The only bacteria yet found in oil reserves could have leaked down drill holes from surface
contaminants.
weakens the conclusion.

(E) Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms by roughly the same proportion as bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons.

this shows the possibility of the stated Conclusion so strengthens :)
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Re: 100 CR Toughie  [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2011, 08:43
E strengthen the hypothetical conclusion that 'our oil reserves would be greater
than most geologists believe'.
because 'reduction in same proportion' is used , so greater amount of something -> more is left after proportional reduction.
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2012, 04:45
Correct answer should be E.

Since both processes (bacterial and chemical) convert their respective starting materials (of which, by the way, there is more of for the chemical process), we can comfortably conclude that the reserves of oil would be more than previously thought.

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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2012, 22:39
+1E

Premise 1 - Most geologists believe oil results from chemical transformations of hydrocarbons derived from organisms buried under ancient seas. Suppose instead, that oil actually results from bacterial action on other complex hydrocarbons that are trapped within the Earth.

Premise 2 - As is well known, the volume of these hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms

Conclusion - Therefore, our oil reserves would be greater than most geologists believe.

If we look at premise 2 , it states that the “volume of the hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms”. I think, if any option ascertains this or add something to the premise, it will be our answer.

Option E clearly states that that change in volume is same for both, (volume of the hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms), (oil actually results from bacterial action on other complex hydrocarbons that are trapped within the Earth), these imply that the oil reserves are high.

:-D
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2012, 00:09
(A) Most geologists think optimistically about the Earth's reserves of oil.
What they think has no bearing on the actual truth about oil reserve.

(B) Most geologists have performed accurate chemical analyses on previously discovered oil reserves.
doesn't put any support on why there are greater oil reserve than what most believe

(C) Ancient seas are buried within the Earth at many places where fossils are abundant.
we need something that explains why we should think we can extract more oil

(D) The only bacteria yet found in oil reserves could have leaked down drill holes from surface contaminants.
irrelevant

(E) Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms by roughly the same proportion as bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons.

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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 01:34
Firstly, I choose choice E. however, after a moment of stupid thinking. i think differently, and choose B. Can anyone help me to explore the confusion of choice B. Thank you.
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 02:01
tuanquang269 wrote:
Firstly, I choose choice E. however, after a moment of stupid thinking. i think differently, and choose B. Can anyone help me to explore the confusion of choice B. Thank you.


It is given that VOLUME of these hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms. Let us say 100 m3 and 50m3

Option E states that the proportion with which they are converted are equal. (1 liter of oil is produced) from every 1m3 of buried hydrocarbons as well as from other complex hydrocarbons

This shows that 100m3 will give 100 liter of oil whereas 50 m3 will give 50 liter. Though this option does not relate the exact production of oil with their volume, I think it is open for debate. I still find it better than others.

Thoughts?

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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 02:26
E is right. We can check by negating E and seeing whether that would weaken the conclusion.
Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms in a much greater proportion than bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons. - This would mean that even though the volume of the hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms, the oil reserves resulting from bacterial action on them might be much lesser.
eg: If 10000000000 Kgs of the hydrocarbons only gives 1 litre of oil this would hardly make any difference
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 02:31
MacFauz wrote:
E is right. We can check by negating E and seeing whether that would weaken the conclusion.
Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms in a much greater proportion than bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons. - This would mean that even though the volume of the hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms, the oil reserves resulting from bacterial action on them might be much lesser.
eg: If 10000000000 Kgs of the hydrocarbons only gives 1 litre of oil this would hardly make any difference


Negation technique is used only in Assumptions type. Don't you think?

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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2012, 03:36
getgyan wrote:
MacFauz wrote:
E is right. We can check by negating E and seeing whether that would weaken the conclusion.
Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms in a much greater proportion than bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons. - This would mean that even though the volume of the hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms, the oil reserves resulting from bacterial action on them might be much lesser.
eg: If 10000000000 Kgs of the hydrocarbons only gives 1 litre of oil this would hardly make any difference


Negation technique is used only in Assumptions type. Don't you think?

:-D

True. However, you can see that what I did was not negation per se. The "opposite" maybe would be a better term to describe it. My logic is that a statement which strengthens a conclusion when "opposited"(for lack of a better word) should weaken the conclusion.
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2013, 01:59
Hi,

Let me try and explain.

Answer C tells us that around the world there are lots of places where there are trapped seas and fossils found together. This is exactly the conditions that the opposing argument for oil creation wants.

So it must weaken our argument, which is not what we want. So it is incorrect
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2013, 04:13
vishy007 wrote:
Most geologists believe oil results from chemical transformations of hydrocarbons derived from organisms buried under ancient seas. Suppose, instead, that oil actually results from bacterial action on other complex hydrocarbons that are trapped within the Earth. As is well known, the volume of these hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms. Therefore, our oil reserves would be greater than most geologists believe.

Which of the following, if true, gives the strongest support to the argument above about our oil reserves?

(A) Most geologists think optimistically about the Earths reserves of oil.

(B) Most geologists have performed accurate chemical analyses on previously discovered oil reserves.

(C) Ancient seas are buried within the Earth at many places where fossils are abundant.

(D) The only bacteria yet found in oil reserves could have leaked down drill holes from surface contaminants.

(E) Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms by roughly the same proportion as bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons.


This is a close call between (B) and (E). Our conclusion states that oil reserves would be greater than most geologists believe.
We want to strengthen that claim. Now, first of all. We have that oil reserves > expected.

So for starters, we could use two pieces of evidence to strengthen this relationship.

Let's take a look at B first. We are being told that the current oil reserves are accurate. Therefore if we were to compare them with the new discoveries for bacterial, we could in fact know if the oil reserves would be greater than most scientists believe ONLY IF we could measure the oil reserves from bacterial action accurately, which is not addressed here and this is IMO the thing that makes this answer choice inferior to E.

On the other hand, in E we have that the proportion of oil that could be found from bacterial action measured in volume reduction is similar as that of the buried hydrocarbons. The stimulus already states that there is more volume of complex hydrocarbons than the fossils so given this new piece of information if rates are similar then the oil from this new type of source will be higher. So it is basically saying that there is a good and accurate way to measure these oil reserves. I think this answer choice does a pretty good job in strengthening the argument that oil reserves > expected

So I think E wins this one by a small margin

Hope it helps
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2016, 22:48
(E) for sure Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms by roughly the same proportion as bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons.
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2017, 13:32
Can anyone please explain E with the help of some numbers such as volume and proportion. Though i selected E but not able to get it clearly.

Thanks
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 15:37
Most geologists believe oil results from chemical transformations of hydrocarbons derived from organisms buried under ancient seas. Suppose, instead, that oil actually results from bacterial action on other complex hydrocarbons that are trapped within the Earth. As is well known, the volume of these hydrocarbons exceeds that of buried organisms. Therefore, our oil reserves would be greater than most geologists believe.

Which of the following, if true, gives the strongest support to the argument above about our oil reserves?

(A) Most geologists think optimistically about the Earths reserves of oil.

(B) Most geologists have performed accurate chemical analyses on previously discovered oil reserves.

(C) Ancient seas are buried within the Earth at many places where fossils are abundant.

(D) The only bacteria yet found in oil reserves could have leaked down drill holes from surface contaminants.

(E) Chemical transformations reduce the volume of buried hydrocarbons derived from organisms by roughly the same proportion as bacterial action reduces the volume of other complex hydrocarbons.
------

Only E gives us a link.
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Re: Most geologists believe oil results from chemical &nbs [#permalink] 03 Oct 2018, 15:37
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