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Most initiatives to prevent such man-made disasters like climate

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New post 17 Jan 2020, 12:22
6
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A
B
C
D
E

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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:00) correct 35% (01:03) wrong based on 92 sessions

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Most initiatives to prevent such man-made disasters like climate change and deforestation have focused either on the reduction of emissions or on limiting pollution through legislation.

A. like climate change and deforestation have focused either on the reduction of emissions or on limiting

B. like climate change and deforestation have focused either on reduction of emissions or on the limitation of

C. as climate change and deforestation have focused on either reduction of emissions or on limiting

D. as climate change and deforestation have focused either on reducing of emissions or on limitation of

E. as climate change and deforestation have focused on either reducing emissions or limiting

Source - Ready4Gmat
Parallelism Series

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Re: Most initiatives to prevent such man-made disasters like climate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2020, 19:18
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E is the one that uses both the good idiom 'such as' and the proper correlative conjunction parallelism of either
reducing or limiting.
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Most initiatives to prevent such man-made disasters like climate  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2020, 08:29
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



This may sound okay when we first read it, but there are a couple of clues that indicate we'll need to look more closely: "such man-made disasters" and "focused either on...". When introducing examples with "such," there also needs to be an "as" afterwards, and the construction of "either...or..." has particular rules as well. So, we'll need to check which answer choice uses both correctly.
Choices (A) and (B) don't finish the "such as" and instead insert "like," which doesn't work. Our remaining options, however, do include "as" to complete the introductory phrase "such as." Choice (C) repeats "on" unnecessarily because the phrase "focused on" comes before "either:' meaning it's distributed to each option. Choice (C) also has one noun option, "reduction," and one gerund option, "limiting"; the GMAT does not like to use gerunds, so be wary of them. We can see that choice (D) does the same thing: "reducing" and "limitation." Choice (E), however, uses "either...or..." correctly and puts "reducing" and "limiting" into the same form. Of our options, it's the best one.



The correct answer is Choice (E)

Learnings & Insights



  • 'Like' is never used to present examples; Replace Like with 'Such As' to present examples
  • Parallel elements in the list must talk about Same Topic, theme or Idea

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Most initiatives to prevent such man-made disasters like climate   [#permalink] 19 Jan 2020, 08:29

Most initiatives to prevent such man-made disasters like climate

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