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# Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as

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Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 13:06
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

32% (00:58) correct 68% (01:06) wrong based on 614 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC1)

Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as high as an aircraft can fly; no specific altitude, however, has been officially recognized as a boundary.

(A) as extending

(B) as the extent

(C) to be an extent

(D) to be an extension

(E) to extend

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

_________________
Thanks!
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Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

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Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2018, 14:28
4
1
Skywalker18 wrote:
aragonn wrote:
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC1)

Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as high as an aircraft can fly; no specific altitude, however, has been officially recognized as a boundary.

(A) as extending

(B) as the extent

(C) to be an extent

(D) to be an extension

(E) to extend

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:

Choice A is best because it is idiomatically correct; regard, when its meaning indicates seeing, looking at, or conceiving of something in a particular way, is paired with as in the idiomatic construction regard X as y, Choices C, D, and E violate the regard, , , as construction, In choices B, C, and D, the nouns extent and extension cannot be modified by the adverbial phrase that follows: a verb form such as extending is needed,

In choices B, C, and D, the nouns extent and extension cannot be modified by the adverbial phrase that follows: a verb form such as extending is needed -- Can someone explain this part of the OE?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , daagh , generis , others - please enlighten

Skywalker18 , the OE writer is not very clear about the issue you caught (and as usual, it's a good catch).

Quote:
In choices B, C, and D, the nouns extent and extension cannot be modified by the adverbial phrase that follows: a verb form such as extending is needed -- Can someone explain this part of the OE?

Adverbs can modify verb-ING (verb forms). Adverbs cannot modify nouns.

The OE writer means to say that in their use of the idiom Regard X as Y, B, C, and D are improperly modified
because all three list "Y" as a noun, which cannot be followed by an adverbial phrase.

In the sentence, Y is modified by the adverb phrase upward as high as an aircraft can fly

A noun cannot be modified by an adverb.

The OE states that "a verb form such as extending" is needed.
In other words, option A has that "verb form": extending.
A participle, a verbING, CAN be modified by an adverb.

• The idiom is Regard X as Y

The idiom has this construction:

regard + object + AS + noun/noun phrase OR adjective/adjective phrase OR gerund/participle

• Errors in B, C, and D

B, C, and D list Y as a noun
-- An adverb/adverbial phrase cannot modify a noun.
-- An adverb can modify an adjective.
-- An adverb can modify a gerund/participle (because a gerund/participle, a verbING, retains verb qualities)

(An adverb can modify many more parts of speech; the three listed are the three that Y can be in Regard X as Y)

Correct answer A) Most nations regard their airspace as extending (verbING) upward as high as an aircraft can fly (adverbial phrase) . . .

So, on one hand, (B) correctly follows Regard X as Y. (B uses "as.")
On the other hand, (B) fails because Y= the noun extent, and extent cannot be modified by an adverbial phrase

(C) and (D) violate Regard X as Y.
In addition to that error, (C) and (D) contain the same error as that in B.

In (C) and (D) the Y part of the idiom is extent and extension, respectively, both of which are nouns.

The rule that adverbs cannot modify nouns is needed to eliminate B.
We don't need the rule for C and D.
The author included C and D in that part of the OE because they contain the same error that B does.

Hope that helps.
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##### General Discussion
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 22:29
1
Correct idiom is Regard as , so C D E are out .
Out of A and B , B is the correct answer
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Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 22:39
Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as high as an aircraft can fly; no specific altitude, however, has been officially recognized as a boundary.

(A) as extending

(B) as the extent

(C) to be an extent

(D) to be an extension

(E) to extend

This is pretty tough because it basically tests idioms.
I like to say "X regard Y as something
So, I am going to eliminate (C), (D) and (E)

That something should be a noun.
I pick (B)

Ans: (B)
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2018, 07:37
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC1)

Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as high as an aircraft can fly; no specific altitude, however, has been officially recognized as a boundary.

(A) as extending

(B) as the extent

(C) to be an extent

(D) to be an extension

(E) to extend

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:

Choice A is best because it is idiomatically correct; regard, when its meaning indicates seeing, looking at, or conceiving of something in a particular way, is paired with as in the idiomatic construction regard X as y, Choices C, D, and E violate the regard, , , as construction, In choices B, C, and D, the nouns extent and extension cannot be modified by the adverbial phrase that follows: a verb form such as extending is needed,
_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2018, 11:03
aragonn wrote:
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 38: Sentence Correction (SC1)

Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as high as an aircraft can fly; no specific altitude, however, has been officially recognized as a boundary.

(A) as extending

(B) as the extent

(C) to be an extent

(D) to be an extension

(E) to extend

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:

Choice A is best because it is idiomatically correct; regard, when its meaning indicates seeing, looking at, or conceiving of something in a particular way, is paired with as in the idiomatic construction regard X as y, Choices C, D, and E violate the regard, , , as construction, In choices B, C, and D, the nouns extent and extension cannot be modified by the adverbial phrase that follows: a verb form such as extending is needed,

In choices B, C, and D, the nouns extent and extension cannot be modified by the adverbial phrase that follows: a verb form such as extending is needed -- Can someone explain this part of the OE?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , daagh , generis , others - please enlighten
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2018, 09:32
GMATNinja

Please can you help out in this

I was sure about "Regard as" to be the right usage and got stuck b/w A & B

According to me, I thought "airspace" should be followed with a noun form such as "as an extension " or similar phrase

Thanks
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2019, 14:48
kaustavkarmakar wrote:
GMATNinja

Please can you help out in this

I was sure about "Regard as" to be the right usage and got stuck b/w A & B

According to me, I thought "airspace" should be followed with a noun form such as "as an extension " or similar phrase

Thanks

"To regard" just means "to consider" or "to appraise", so it's perfectly reasonable to follow this construction with either a noun or an adjective. For example, I can write "I regard my daughter's tendency to eat egg shells out of the garbage as problematic." Here, I'm regarding a tendency as "problematic," which is an adjective. That's fine.

Or I could write, "I regard my daughter's tendency to eat egg shells out of the garbage as a problem." Now I'm regarding the tendency as a "problem," which is a noun. That's okay too. So we're not basing our decision on whether whether we need an adjective or a noun. We're basing it on what makes more sense in this context.

In (B) we have "Most nations regard their airspace as the extent upward as high as an aircraft can fly." Nations see their airspace as an "extent upward?" The "extent" is as high as the aircraft can fly? This is illogical. It makes far more sense to write that the airspace is extending upward as high as the aircraft fly.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2019, 15:04
If we change the sentence to use 'to the extent', how should we modify the sentence so that its grammatically/logically correct?
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2019, 00:25
A is the correct choice. This question is a test on idioms and A is the only one that follows the proper idiomatic structure. When the meaning of the sentence indicates that understanding something through one’s senses or conceiving of it in a specific way, the correct idiom structure is “regard x as y”. C D and E fail to utilize this structure. Now, option B is wrong because “extent” ( a noun ) can’t be modified by an adverb (upward as).

Thus, the right answer is A.
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2019, 22:45
GMATNinja wrote:
kaustavkarmakar wrote:
GMATNinja

Please can you help out in this

I was sure about "Regard as" to be the right usage and got stuck b/w A & B

According to me, I thought "airspace" should be followed with a noun form such as "as an extension " or similar phrase

Thanks

"To regard" just means "to consider" or "to appraise", so it's perfectly reasonable to follow this construction with either a noun or an adjective. For example, I can write "I regard my daughter's tendency to eat egg shells out of the garbage as problematic." Here, I'm regarding a tendency as "problematic," which is an adjective. That's fine.

Or I could write, "I regard my daughter's tendency to eat egg shells out of the garbage as a problem." Now I'm regarding the tendency as a "problem," which is a noun. That's okay too. So we're not basing our decision on whether whether we need an adjective or a noun. We're basing it on what makes more sense in this context.

In (B) we have "Most nations regard their airspace as the extent upward as high as an aircraft can fly." Nations see their airspace as an "extent upward?" The "extent" is as high as the aircraft can fly? This is illogical. It makes far more sense to write that the airspace is extending upward as high as the aircraft fly.

I hope that helps!

Hi GMATNinja
Are you saying that "extending" is adjective in this OA? It seems more like a verb.
Can you elaborate?
Tks
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Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2019, 01:51
extend and fly are special verbs, which can go with adjective. inhere, "as high as" is adjective, not adverb. not all verb can go with adjective this way.

extending is a kind of doing which have some, but not all, characteristics of a verb, so, it can go with adjective
Re: Most nations regard their airspace as extending upward as   [#permalink] 09 Apr 2019, 01:51
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