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# Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted

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15 Jun 2008, 19:26
huntgmat wrote:
A good Q.
Could any one explain the elimination reason for C.

Use of "compared to" is incorrect here...instead "compared with" should be used.
"compared to" - used to compare similarities between disimilar things
"compared with" - is used to compare disimilarities between similar things.
"similar things" over here are the costs of higher education in different years.

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15 Jun 2008, 21:10
Hey Guys .... I have eliminated "C" for the following reason .

[C]year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education

Point of Discussion : "previously \$7 per year".

Is the above a good construct? "\$7 per year" is a rate - noun. And we cant use adverb "previously" to qualify noun. We need adjective say - "previous".
In option E "\$7 per year required previously" , previously correctly modifies verb "required".

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2010, 13:15
I cant see why D is better than B.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2010, 10:37
ashkrs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying \$7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid \$7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education

I am confused between B and D. Please provide the OA!!

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2010, 06:12
hey guys why don't welcome experts to Ans this question

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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2010, 04:08
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Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid \$7 per year
C. year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required previously
E. year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2010, 09:02
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A says that the higher education was previously paying \$7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid \$7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously \$7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of \$7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the \$7 per year.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2010, 18:54
raghavs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying \$7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid \$7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education

Though the right answer is D but sentence could have been lot better if "last year" would have used instead of previously.

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2010, 02:34
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WashingtonGMAT wrote:
raghavs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying \$7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid \$7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education

Though the right answer is D but sentence could have been lot better if "last year" would have used instead of previously.

I used to think on similar lines previously. Apparently, GMAC knows this and lures students with wrong answers similar to the ones they expect.

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2010, 13:52
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Hey guys,

An interesting point about your preference for "last year" over "previously" - the two mean significantly different things:

"Last year" is a fixed point in time
"Previously" means "beforehand" - it's not fixed and may well have been over a longer period than just that one year

What I mean is that "previously" has a proper use, just as "being" and other words that we tend to fear on the GMAT do. The key is to be systematic in eliminating the big-picture errors first, and then going down to the more stylistic, feel-based items. The GMAT loves to use your own inertia against you to reward "thinking" and "problem solving" over assumptions and quick feelings, so get used to seeing questions like this that try to get you to dislike a word or phrase that isn't really wrong.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2010, 21:08
VeritasPrepBrian wrote:
Hey guys,

An interesting point about your preference for "last year" over "previously" - the two mean significantly different things:

"Last year" is a fixed point in time
"Previously" means "beforehand" - it's not fixed and may well have been over a longer period than just that one year

What I mean is that "previously" has a proper use, just as "being" and other words that we tend to fear on the GMAT do. The key is to be systematic in eliminating the big-picture errors first, and then going down to the more stylistic, feel-based items. The GMAT loves to use your own inertia against you to reward "thinking" and "problem solving" over assumptions and quick feelings, so get used to seeing questions like this that try to get you to dislike a word or phrase that isn't really wrong.

Thank you for the tip Brian. I'll surely keep that in mind from now on.

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Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2013, 02:57
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Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year.
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid \$7 per year.
C. year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education.
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required previously.
E. year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education.

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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2013, 07:17
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Here comes in handy the split : toward VS the rest

So A B and C go out right away (toward makes any sense)

E is ackward and redundant (per year and previously basically are the same thing

D just to check: the meaning of the sentence is to hvae 300\$ in sostitution of 7 payed before (instead of is used just for this purpose)

PS: is not a good question after all, I suppose is not from official material
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2013, 11:18
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carcass wrote:
Here comes in handy the split : toward VS the rest

So A B and C go out right away (toward makes any sense)

E is ackward and redundant (per year and previously basically are the same thing

D just to check: the meaning of the sentence is to hvae 300\$ in sostitution of 7 payed before (instead of is used just for this purpose)

PS: is not a good question after all, I suppose is not from official material

Idiom tested here is "contribute to/toward" v/s "contribute for"
And the correct idiom is "contribute to X".

Per year and previously are not same thing. So we can't eliminate E based on this.

I was actually confused between C and D. But we use "compared to" to draw similarity between different things. So use of "compared to" in C is incorrect.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2013, 12:48
"as opposed to" Vs "instead of"

Can someone please shed some light over the use of these 2 idioms. In this particular question, I didn't find "as opposed to" awkward.

"Instead of"gives the feeling that the \$7 are totally removed and the \$330 replaces it, while "as opposed to" gives the feeling of comparison.

Can anybody relate to that?
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2013, 05:48
Can someone provide a detailed analysis for this question....
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2014, 04:43
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A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year "previously paying" is a modifier but a comparative clause is needed. Otherwise, "previously paying" conveys an effect of the action in the main clause OR modifying the law OR modifying the university students.

B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid \$7 per year A comparative clause is needed to complete the comparison between today's cost and yesterday's cost; "for which" modifies "the cost" and is not the correct way to construct a comparison.

C. year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education Not a correction construction for a comparison since the comparative clause is embedded as a non-essential phrase

D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required previously OK - x instead of y idiom logically completes the comparison

E. year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education Not a correction construction of comparison; "for the cost of higher education" must follow "year" as modifier does not distribute backwards. The comparison is now "\$330 a year" and "\$7 per year...for the cost of higher eduction."

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2014, 04:51
OA is D. Refer to below link

http://postimg.org/image/n2biipay5/
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2014, 07:02
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Please tag this question as one the GMAT prep question. GMAT Prep Question Pack 1.
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Re: Most of Portugal s 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2014, 17:32

Its from GMAT prep Exam pack 1.

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Re: Most of Portugal s 250,000 university students boycotted   [#permalink] 07 Jun 2014, 17:32

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