It is currently 21 Sep 2017, 16:23

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 900

Kudos [?]: 857 [1], given: 322

Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Premium Member
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2014, 12:49
1
This post received
KUDOS
daagh wrote:
A says that the higher education was previously paying $7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid $7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously $7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of $7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the $7 per year.


Isn't the option (A). has a VERB-Ing modifier which modifies the whole clause and makes sense with the subject 'students'?

Previously paying $7 per year, the students blah blah blah.....

There should be some other error to reject (A).

Please advise !
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Kudos [?]: 857 [1], given: 322

Expert Post
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7612

Kudos [?]: 16909 [0], given: 230

Location: Pune, India
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2014, 00:04
TGC wrote:
daagh wrote:
A says that the higher education was previously paying $7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid $7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously $7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of $7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the $7 per year.


Isn't the option (A). has a VERB-Ing modifier which modifies the whole clause and makes sense with the subject 'students'?

Previously paying $7 per year, the students blah blah blah.....

There should be some other error to reject (A).

Please advise !


In (A), the noun needs to be next to the modifier.

"previously paying $7 per year" - the question is - who was paying $7 per year? The students! So this modifier should be next to the students. Here it seems that the cost of higher education was previously paying $7 per year. Hence (A) is incorrect.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Kudos [?]: 16909 [0], given: 230

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 900

Kudos [?]: 857 [0], given: 322

Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Premium Member
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2014, 06:56
Thanks for the revert.

Isn't this modifier acting as VERB-ING modifier making sense with the subject of the previous clause?
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Kudos [?]: 857 [0], given: 322

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Apr 2012
Posts: 452

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 58

Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2014, 11:26
Can someone provide more information about D vs. E?

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 58

Expert Post
9 KUDOS received
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7612

Kudos [?]: 16909 [9], given: 230

Location: Pune, India
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2014, 20:30
9
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
TGC wrote:
Thanks for the revert.

Isn't this modifier acting as VERB-ING modifier making sense with the subject of the previous clause?


No. Note the disconnect.

... students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that ...

Now everything after 'that' is telling us more about that particular law.

What does the sentence tell us about the law? It tells us the following:
The law requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously.

This modifies the law. A part of it cannot refer back to the students, a noun from which it is very far.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Kudos [?]: 16909 [9], given: 230

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 22 Mar 2014
Posts: 32

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 21

Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jul 2014, 11:41
ronr34 wrote:
Can someone provide more information about D vs. E?


Reject E by comparing "...for the cost of higher education" vs. "for higher education". "For" has been used incorrectly.

Principle used: KISS (Keep It Simple)

Happy to help.
_________________

-Sameer
Press Kudos if the post helped

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 21

2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
S
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 734

Kudos [?]: 298 [2], given: 11

Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2014, 03:48
2
This post received
KUDOS
ronr34 wrote:
Can someone provide more information about D vs. E?

With E, the sentence would be:

Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

At the very least, this has a meaning ambiguity, since this could suggest that $7 per year was required previously for the cost of higher education.

This is clearly absurd meaning, since cost of higher education is not $7; the contribution towards cost of higher education was $7.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Kudos [?]: 298 [2], given: 11

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 66

Kudos [?]: 88 [0], given: 298

Location: United States
Concentration: Other, Finance
Schools: SDSU '16
GMAT 1: 660 Q47 V34
GPA: 2.76
WE: Analyst (Real Estate)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jul 2014, 16:22
felt that 'required previously' was awkward :s
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

Kudos [?]: 88 [0], given: 298

Current Student
avatar
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 40

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 34

Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V44
WE: Medicine and Health (Health Care)
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Sep 2014, 07:48
I request e-gmat to please explain why A is wrong here..

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 34

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: How easy it is?
Joined: 09 Nov 2012
Posts: 122

Kudos [?]: 91 [1], given: 174

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, General Management
GMAT 1: 650 Q50 V27
GMAT 2: 710 Q49 V37
GPA: 3.5
WE: Operations (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Oct 2014, 12:45
1
This post received
KUDOS
can we have some healthy discussion on this question? This question appeared in GMAT Prep Exam Pack 1 and I am not abe to eliminate option E. Can anyone plese help?

Kudos [?]: 91 [1], given: 174

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10170

Kudos [?]: 253 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Nov 2014, 13:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 253 [0], given: 0

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10170

Kudos [?]: 253 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jun 2015, 09:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 253 [0], given: 0

6 KUDOS received
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 942

Kudos [?]: 1036 [6], given: 548

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jun 2015, 10:39
6
This post received
KUDOS
11
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
The clause before the comma + verbing is "that (refers to law) requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of the higher education"
so verb+ing should modify the previous clause and should make sense with the subject of the clause. Definitely "law" is not paying.


B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per year
who previously paid ? not clear

C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
Previously is an adverb so it should modify a verb. we don't have a verb here.

D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously
Looks least of the devils

E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education
"as opposed to" is not a comparison marker but it is a contrast marker . We need a comparison marker.
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal
My Debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267.html#p1449379
My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961
Linkedin : https://www.linkedin.com/in/kinjal-das/

Please click on Kudos, if you think the post is helpful

Kudos [?]: 1036 [6], given: 548

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Jul 2011
Posts: 123

Kudos [?]: 105 [0], given: 240

Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jun 2015, 01:58
I am sure you must have come down to option (D) and (E).

(E) year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education.

"as opposed to" is the culprit here. Also, don't miss the incorrect placement of - "the"

Kudos [?]: 105 [0], given: 240

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Apr 2013
Posts: 16

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 11

Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2015, 08:36
Hi,

Please, @e-gmat could you please why A is wrong? I thought it was a -ing modifier that modifies the subject of the sentence -university students-.


Thank you

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 11

Math Forum Moderator
User avatar
S
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 2991

Kudos [?]: 1052 [0], given: 325

Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Nov 2015, 10:19
bolasao wrote:
Hi,

Please, @e-gmat could you please why A is wrong? I thought it was a -ing modifier that modifies the subject of the sentence -university students-.


Thank you



Quote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year.




Can you certainly claim who is doing the act of " Paying " students / Higher education ?

No you can't the doer as well as the receiver is ambigous.

Hence C can be rejected.


Awaiting response from @e-gmat
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Kudos [?]: 1052 [0], given: 325

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jul 2015
Posts: 107

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 3

Concentration: Real Estate, International Business
GMAT 1: 600 Q33 V40
GPA: 3.3
Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Feb 2016, 10:35
I simplified the sentence into:

The law requires $300 instead of $7.

Narrowed it down to D or E. Do we use "instead of" or "as opposed to."


"As opposed to" sounds a lot more negative than instead of. I would say, "instead of 7" or, "as opposed to not paying at all!"
Answer: D

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 3

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3139

Kudos [?]: 3085 [1], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Feb 2016, 11:56
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
DJ1986 wrote:
I simplified the sentence into:

The law requires $300 instead of $7.

Narrowed it down to D or E. Do we use "instead of" or "as opposed to."


"As opposed to" sounds a lot more negative than instead of. I would say, "instead of 7" or, "as opposed to not paying at all!"
Answer: D


Here is how I view the comparisons in D and E:

D: X instead of Y. X = $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, Y = the $7 per year required previously

E: X as opposed to Y. X = $330 a year, Y = the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

In D, it is clear why $330 is required. It is also clear why $7 was required, because the sentence states the $7 required previously.
In E, it is not clear why $330 is required. It is nonetheless clear why $7 was required previously.

Because of the lack of clarity about $330 a year in E, D is a better option.

Kudos [?]: 3085 [1], given: 22

CEO
CEO
User avatar
G
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2589

Kudos [?]: 379 [0], given: 177

Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: Stanford '20
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Mar 2016, 18:59
I could easily eliminate A, B, and E..and between C and D, I picked C.
7$ -> seven is an adjective - previously modifies the adjective, no? i understand that it is not explicitly written in this form..but in D "instead of" made me think twice whether it is correct...

Kudos [?]: 379 [0], given: 177

Expert Post
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7612

Kudos [?]: 16909 [0], given: 230

Location: Pune, India
Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Mar 2016, 08:34
mvictor wrote:
I could easily eliminate A, B, and E..and between C and D, I picked C.
7$ -> seven is an adjective - previously modifies the adjective, no? i understand that it is not explicitly written in this form..but in D "instead of" made me think twice whether it is correct...


$7 is a thing and hence is a noun. Just like 'red car' is a thing.
So the use of previously (an adverb) is wrong here.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Kudos [?]: 16909 [0], given: 230

Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted   [#permalink] 29 Mar 2016, 08:34

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5    Next  [ 84 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
3 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC At the university, all matriculated students have been inoculated agai burnrohan 7 29 Jan 2017, 00:32
1 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC In 2006, the university's Student Union was occupied for eighteen hour AbdurRakib 3 24 Sep 2016, 10:45
2 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC The university library offers most of the resources Ronald zest4mba 19 09 Apr 2017, 09:36
26 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC According to a survey of graduating university students Vercules 10 09 Sep 2017, 11:30
8 EXPERTS_POSTS_IN_THIS_TOPIC Most students like to read skrishnakarthik 6 28 May 2017, 13:42
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.