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# Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted

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Director
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2014, 11:49
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daagh wrote:
A says that the higher education was previously paying \$7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid \$7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously \$7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of \$7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the \$7 per year.

Isn't the option (A). has a VERB-Ing modifier which modifies the whole clause and makes sense with the subject 'students'?

Previously paying \$7 per year, the students blah blah blah.....

There should be some other error to reject (A).

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2014, 23:04
TGC wrote:
daagh wrote:
A says that the higher education was previously paying \$7

B The phrase - for which was previously paid \$7 per year - is too awkward to consider
In C - previously \$7 per year - is grammatically wrong. Previously is an adverb and can not modify the noun of \$7

D has no flaws as such and is the best answer.

E -as opposed to -is not the right idiom to describe comparison, unless the arms of the comparison are positioned opposite to the others physically? In a weird way, E may also give the feeling that the students were in fact opposed to the \$7 per year.

Isn't the option (A). has a VERB-Ing modifier which modifies the whole clause and makes sense with the subject 'students'?

Previously paying \$7 per year, the students blah blah blah.....

There should be some other error to reject (A).

In (A), the noun needs to be next to the modifier.

"previously paying \$7 per year" - the question is - who was paying \$7 per year? The students! So this modifier should be next to the students. Here it seems that the cost of higher education was previously paying \$7 per year. Hence (A) is incorrect.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2014, 05:56
Thanks for the revert.

Isn't this modifier acting as VERB-ING modifier making sense with the subject of the previous clause?
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2014, 10:26
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2014, 19:30
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TGC wrote:
Thanks for the revert.

Isn't this modifier acting as VERB-ING modifier making sense with the subject of the previous clause?

No. Note the disconnect.

... students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that ...

Now everything after 'that' is telling us more about that particular law.

What does the sentence tell us about the law? It tells us the following:
The law requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required previously.

This modifies the law. A part of it cannot refer back to the students, a noun from which it is very far.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2014, 10:41
ronr34 wrote:

Reject E by comparing "...for the cost of higher education" vs. "for higher education". "For" has been used incorrectly.

Principle used: KISS (Keep It Simple)

Happy to help.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2014, 02:48
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ronr34 wrote:

With E, the sentence would be:

Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute \$330 a year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

At the very least, this has a meaning ambiguity, since this could suggest that \$7 per year was required previously for the cost of higher education.

This is clearly absurd meaning, since cost of higher education is not \$7; the contribution towards cost of higher education was \$7.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2014, 15:22
felt that 'required previously' was awkward :s
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2014, 06:48
I request e-gmat to please explain why A is wrong here..
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2014, 11:45
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can we have some healthy discussion on this question? This question appeared in GMAT Prep Exam Pack 1 and I am not abe to eliminate option E. Can anyone plese help?
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2014, 12:40
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2015, 08:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2015, 09:39
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Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid \$7 per year
C. year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required previously
E. year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year
The clause before the comma + verbing is "that (refers to law) requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of the higher education"
so verb+ing should modify the previous clause and should make sense with the subject of the clause. Definitely "law" is not paying.

B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid \$7 per year
who previously paid ? not clear

C. year, compared to the previously \$7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
Previously is an adverb so it should modify a verb. we don't have a verb here.

D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the \$7 per year required previously
Looks least of the devils

E. year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education
"as opposed to" is not a comparison marker but it is a contrast marker . We need a comparison marker.
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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2015, 00:58
I am sure you must have come down to option (D) and (E).

(E) year as opposed to the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education.

"as opposed to" is the culprit here. Also, don't miss the incorrect placement of - "the"
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2015, 07:36
Hi,

Please, @e-gmat could you please why A is wrong? I thought it was a -ing modifier that modifies the subject of the sentence -university students-.

Thank you
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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2015, 09:19
bolasao wrote:
Hi,

Please, @e-gmat could you please why A is wrong? I thought it was a -ing modifier that modifies the subject of the sentence -university students-.

Thank you

Quote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute \$330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying \$7 per year.

Can you certainly claim who is doing the act of " Paying " students / Higher education ?

No you can't the doer as well as the receiver is ambigous.

Hence C can be rejected.

Awaiting response from @e-gmat
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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2016, 09:35
I simplified the sentence into:

The law requires \$300 instead of \$7.

Narrowed it down to D or E. Do we use "instead of" or "as opposed to."

"As opposed to" sounds a lot more negative than instead of. I would say, "instead of 7" or, "as opposed to not paying at all!"
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2016, 10:56
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DJ1986 wrote:
I simplified the sentence into:

The law requires \$300 instead of \$7.

Narrowed it down to D or E. Do we use "instead of" or "as opposed to."

"As opposed to" sounds a lot more negative than instead of. I would say, "instead of 7" or, "as opposed to not paying at all!"

Here is how I view the comparisons in D and E:

D: X instead of Y. X = \$330 a year toward the cost of higher education, Y = the \$7 per year required previously

E: X as opposed to Y. X = \$330 a year, Y = the \$7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education

In D, it is clear why \$330 is required. It is also clear why \$7 was required, because the sentence states the \$7 required previously.
In E, it is not clear why \$330 is required. It is nonetheless clear why \$7 was required previously.

Because of the lack of clarity about \$330 a year in E, D is a better option.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2016, 17:59
I could easily eliminate A, B, and E..and between C and D, I picked C.
7\$ -> seven is an adjective - previously modifies the adjective, no? i understand that it is not explicitly written in this form..but in D "instead of" made me think twice whether it is correct...
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2016, 07:34
mvictor wrote:
I could easily eliminate A, B, and E..and between C and D, I picked C.
7\$ -> seven is an adjective - previously modifies the adjective, no? i understand that it is not explicitly written in this form..but in D "instead of" made me think twice whether it is correct...

\$7 is a thing and hence is a noun. Just like 'red car' is a thing.
So the use of previously (an adverb) is wrong here.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted   [#permalink] 29 Mar 2016, 07:34

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