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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2016, 08:40
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
mvictor wrote:
I could easily eliminate A, B, and E..and between C and D, I picked C.
7$ -> seven is an adjective - previously modifies the adjective, no? i understand that it is not explicitly written in this form..but in D "instead of" made me think twice whether it is correct...


$7 is a thing and hence is a noun. Just like 'red car' is a thing.
So the use of previously (an adverb) is wrong here.


but isn't the red car a complex noun? formed by an adjective + noun?
so is in this question - 7 is adjective, dollars is noun, previously 7 - makes sense, no?

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2016, 21:47
mvictor wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
mvictor wrote:
I could easily eliminate A, B, and E..and between C and D, I picked C.
7$ -> seven is an adjective - previously modifies the adjective, no? i understand that it is not explicitly written in this form..but in D "instead of" made me think twice whether it is correct...


$7 is a thing and hence is a noun. Just like 'red car' is a thing.
So the use of previously (an adverb) is wrong here.


but isn't the red car a complex noun? formed by an adjective + noun?
so is in this question - 7 is adjective, dollars is noun, previously 7 - makes sense, no?


Yes, correct. So think about this:
Will you say "The beautiful red car is ... " or "The beautifully red car is ..."

The point is that the entire "$7" acts as a noun and you need an adjective to modify it, not an adverb.
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2016, 21:49
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Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education


in A
grammatically, law that do the action of paying. this is not logic.
in B
for which was paid is not logic. what is paid .there is not subjust for "was paid" . wrong
in E. as opposed to is used to show contrast. we do not need constrast here.
in C
the most serious problem with C is "compared to". this meaning is not close and not good. we want to say we student pay A not/instead of B. we do not say " student pay A compared to B. no sense.
I learn english instead of french. this is good
Learn english compared to french. this is not good.

because sc test meaning /logic, the problem of meaning analysis is key to success on SC. meaning can be : not logic, unclear, not close, and redundant. these are 4 types of meaning errors we should know
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2016, 05:31
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

but isn't the red car a complex noun? formed by an adjective + noun?
so is in this question - 7 is adjective, dollars is noun, previously 7 - makes sense, no?


mvictor wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
mvictor wrote:
I could easily eliminate A, B, and E..and between C and D, I picked C.
7$ -> seven is an adjective - previously modifies the adjective, no? i understand that it is not explicitly written in this form..but in D "instead of" made me think twice whether it is correct...


$7 is a thing and hence is a noun. Just like 'red car' is a thing.
So the use of previously (an adverb) is wrong here.


Yes, correct. So think about this:
Will you say "The beautiful red car is ... " or "The beautifully red car is ..."

The point is that the entire "$7" acts as a noun and you need an adjective to modify it, not an adverb.


VeritasPrepKarishma... if we mean that the red colour is beautiful, we must use the adverb "beautifully", since it modifies the adjective "red". However if we mean that the car is beautiful, we must use adjective "beautiful" since it modifies the noun "car".

Consider a situation: The colour of the car in my opinion is not red, but someone else says that it is red. Hence I make the following statement:

I purchased the supposedly red car.

The statement would be grammatically correct. Isn't it?

Similarly, if the intent above is to modify the adjective "7", not the noun "dollar", I tend to agree with the logic of mvictor. Nonetheless, as you said, I do agree that $7 can be considered as one object here and hence the adjective "previous" would be appropriate. Yet one could also say "previously 7 dollar," isn't it?

The price rose from previously 7 dollar to 10 dollar........... Is this sentence wrong?

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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2016, 00:42
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Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2016, 18:42
This is an official question, it appeared in GMAT-Prep exam pack-1 for me. And it needs more discussion. Request experts to talk about this in a bit more detail. Mostly D vs E.

Reply awaited!
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Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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arhumsid wrote:
This is an official question, it appeared in GMAT-Prep exam pack-1 for me. And it needs more discussion. Request experts to talk about this in a bit more detail. Mostly D vs E.

Reply awaited!
Thanks!


In option E, it is not clear for what $330 a year is contributed. It is alright to omit the repeated part from the second element of comparison, not from the first. Here "for the cost of higher education" appears in the second element ("the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education"), but not in the first ("$330 a year").

In option D, the part "toward the cost of higher education" can be eliminated from the second element (the $7 per year required previously toward the cost of higher education ) since the meaning is not obscured because of this omission.

[Brief explanation of other options:

Option A and B does not highlight the comparison between the previous value and the current value.

In option C, the adverb "previously" wrongly refers to the noun phrase "$7 per year". An adjective may refer to a noun phrase, but an adverb cannot.]

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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 00:40
Hi Expert,

X instead of Y-- X and Y both should be structurally parallel.

In choice D, how X and Y are structurally parallel. Please help !

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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 00:56
AR15J wrote:
Hi Expert,

X instead of Y-- X and Y both should be structurally parallel.

In choice D, how X and Y are structurally parallel. Please help !


I think it is this -

Contribute $330 a year(X) toward the cost of higher education, instead of the #7 per year(Y) [toward the cost of higher education] required previously.

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Re: Most of Portugal's 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 04:09
AR15J wrote:
Hi Expert,

X instead of Y-- X and Y both should be structurally parallel.

In choice D, how X and Y are structurally parallel. Please help !


Contribute X instead of Y.

X = $300 a year
Y = the $7 per year

Two yearly values are compared. X is modified by "toward the cost of higher education" (prepositional phrase), and Y is modified by "required previously" (past participle), but this is not a problem - the modifiers are not compared.

However the comma before "instead" should not have been there.

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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2017, 00:47
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education


My SC accuracy is around 95 %. Ive never learned any grammar (When I have a good day, I can tell you the noun and verb of the sentence). I just don't care about terminology :? :shock:

IMO you just have to read a lot and do a lot of practice questions. It follows always the same pattern. Im non-native and sometimes I don't understand a single word but still can pick the correct answer... you just have to keep an eye on particular words or constructions.

Don't want to boast with this post but rather encourage other non-natives
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 02:45
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year.

A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher education
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 15:25
I want to know what is wrong with choice C?
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 18:52
Hello Experts,

Could you please further explain the Option C
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Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 07:15
Bharath99 wrote:
Hello Experts,

Could you please further explain the Option C


The adverb "previously" is wrong. An adverb must refer to a verb or an adjective. However, "$7 per year" is a noun phrase requiring an adjective. Thus "previous" instead of "previously" should have been used. Hence option C is wrong.

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 09:10
ashkrs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying $7 per year.


A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education

Please explain.



shouldn't it be "towards" in all the options?
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 09:40
rekhabishop wrote:
ashkrs wrote:
Most of Portugal’s 250,000 university students boycotted classes in a one-day strike to
protest a law that requires them to contribute $330 a year toward the cost of higher
education, previously paying $7 per year.


A. year toward the cost of higher education, previously paying $7 per year
B. year toward the cost of higher education, for which was previously paid $7 per
year
C. year, compared to the previously $7 per year, toward the cost of higher education
D. year toward the cost of higher education, instead of the $7 per year required
previously
E. year as opposed to the $7 per year required previously for the cost of higher
education

Please explain.



shouldn't it be "towards" in all the options?



Hello rekhabishop,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

There is no difference in the usage of toward and towards. Both the words are used in the same context.

It is just that in American English, the word toward is used while in British English, the word towards is used.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Most of Portugals 250,000 university students boycotted   [#permalink] 28 Jul 2017, 09:40

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