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Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants

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QOTD: Most of the purported health benefits of tea  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 10:00
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Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C that inhibit the formation of plaque along the body’s blood vessels.

(A) comes from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C that
Subject verb error. health benefits are plural so plural verb is required.

(B) comes from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and they
Same as A.

(C) come from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and
and is linking two verbs here, however the only verb here is come for which the subject is health benefits. it does not make sense to say health benefits inhibit the formation.

(D) come from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C and that
Clear parallelism. two clauses ( that are also found and that inhibit ) are linked via and. Compound here is noun and that is modifying compounds.

(E) come from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and they
They is ambiguous. It is not clear whether they is referring to benefits or to compounds.

Answer: D
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QOTD: Most of the purported health benefits of tea  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 14:22
Kchaudhary wrote:
Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C that inhibit the formation of plaque along the body’s blood vessels.

(A) comes from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C that - SV Error
(B) comes from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and they - SV Error
(C) come from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and - Meaning Error, benifits can not be subject for inhibit
(D) come from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C and that - Correct choice
(E) come from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and they - Use of pronoun they is incorrect





Hello Kchaudhary,


I must say you have nailed this question in the head. Perfect analysis. You have eliminated Choice C on the meaning basis and not on the parallelism issues.


This is the point worth noticing. Choice C and Choice E do present grammatical parallelism. But the list that these answer choices present is not at all logical, and hence, these choices are incorrect.


It just does not make any sense to say that most of the health benefits of tea inhibit the formation of plaque along the body’s blood vessels. The antioxidants found in tea do so.


Hope this helps. :-)
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Re: QOTD: Most of the purported health benefits of tea  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 00:14
Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C that inhibit the formation of plaque along the body’s blood vessels. {SANAM} pronoun -> here =>plural

(A) comes from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C that SV agreement

(B) comes from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and they SV agreement

(C) come from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and inhibit { inhibit is not in option but It's not parallel to also found

(D) come from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C and that

(E) come from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and they => antioxidants / health benefits of tea ??
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Re: Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2019, 09:57
daagh

AjiteshArun

raghavs wrote:
Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C that inhibit the formation of plaque along the body’s blood vessels.


(A) comes from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C that

(B) comes from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and they

(C) come from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and

(D) come from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C and that

(E) come from antioxidants—compounds also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, and they


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By elimination, I could reach to choice D. However, in option D

(D) come from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C and that


why is there no comma before "and"?

If I'm not wrong we need a comma before and to join two clauses.
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Re: Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2019, 12:30
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sakshamchhabra wrote:

By elimination, I could reach to choice D. However, in option D

(D) come from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C and that

why is there no comma before "and"?

If I'm not wrong we need a comma before and to join two clauses.


Hi sakshamchhabra,

Actually, two parallel entities here are noun modifiers. "coumponds" is the noun that is modified by following two modifiers:

1. that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C
2. that inhibit the formation of plaque along the body’s blood vessels.

we need not use a comma to connect two modifiers.

in simple form : compounds that are found in xyz and that inhibit the abc.
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Re: Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2019, 18:09
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sakshamchhabra wrote:
By elimination, I could reach to choice D. However, in option D

(D) come from antioxidants—compounds that are also found in beta carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C and that


why is there no comma before "and"?

If I'm not wrong we need a comma before and to join two clauses.
My reply is not about this particular question, but about the "comma before and" discussion in general. What you're asking about here is a "pure" style call. That is, there is no broad consensus on the issue, and different people and organizations prescribe different approaches to the same thing. We would, of course, have to apply whatever the GMAT believes is correct, but when has an official source ever told us that it is not possible to put a comma before an and in a list of two items? And if this is something divined from the patterns seen in official questions, how old are those questions, and how many?

I know that we are going to continue seeing this "rule" on the forums, and it probably doesn't hurt to be aware of it, but we should definitely not try to apply it as something that is right up there with subject-verb agreement in terms of reliability. I would actually advise you to avoid applying it completely on the GMAT.
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Re: Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2019, 04:20
EducationAisle

What does the "-" mean in the sentences? Can you elaborate please the uses of "-" in a sentence

Thank you
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Re: Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2019, 08:20
From what I have seen on GMAT, dash is used for elaboration of a preceding phrase (for example, antioxidants in this case).
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Re: Most of the purported health benefits of tea comes from antioxidants   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2019, 08:20

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