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Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-

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Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Jan 2019, 05:46
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Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-note scale known as the diatonic scale, but when did the scale originate? A fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite has four holes, which are spaced in exactly the right way for playing the third through sixth notes of a diatonic scale. The entire flute must surely have had more holes, and the flute was made from a bone that was long enough for these additional holes to have allowed a complete diatonic scale to be played. Therefore, the Neanderthals who made the flute probably used a diatonic musical scale.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is the main conclusion stated in the argument.

(B) The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed.

(C) The first describes a discovery as undermining the position against which the argument as a whole is directed; the second states the main conclusion of the argument.

(D) The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed.

(E) The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second gives a reason to rule out one possible explanation.

Originally posted by Nina1987 on 11 Jul 2016, 08:38.
Last edited by Bunuel on 21 Jan 2019, 05:46, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2016, 09:18
Nina1987 wrote:
Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-note scale known as the diatonic scale, but when did the scale originate? A fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite has four holes, which are spaced in exactly the right way for playing the third through sixth notes of a diatonic scale. The entire flute must surely have had more holes, and the flute was made from a bone that was long enough for these additional holes to have allowed a complete diatonic scale to be played. Therefore, the Neanderthals who made the flute probably used a diatonic musical scale.
In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is the main conclusion stated in the argument.
B. The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed.
C. The first describes a discovery as undermining the position against which the argument as a whole is directed; the second states the main conclusion of the argument.
D. The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed.
E. The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second gives a reason to rule out one possible explanation.


The second bold face statement is clearly the conclusion. So we can eliminate B,D and E
Now C says that the first bold face statement describes a discovery that undermines the position of the argument. This is not true infact the first bold face supports the main conclusion.

SO A....
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Re: Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2016, 09:47
A. The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is the main conclusion stated in the argument. - Correct

B. The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed. - Incorrect.

C. The first describes a discovery as undermining the position against which the argument as a whole is directed; the second states the main conclusion of the argument. - Incorrect

D. The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed. - Incorrect

E. The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second gives a reason to rule out one possible explanation. - Incorrect

Answer: A
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Re: Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2016, 17:06
Nina1987 wrote:
Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-note scale known as the diatonic scale, but when did the scale originate? A fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite has four holes, which are spaced in exactly the right way for playing the third through sixth notes of a diatonic scale. The entire flute must surely have had more holes, and the flute was made from a bone that was long enough for these additional holes to have allowed a complete diatonic scale to be played. Therefore, the Neanderthals who made the flute probably used a diatonic musical scale.
In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
A. The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is the main conclusion stated in the argument.
B. The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed.
C. The first describes a discovery as undermining the position against which the argument as a whole is directed; the second states the main conclusion of the argument.
D. The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed.
E. The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second gives a reason to rule out one possible explanation.


Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-note scale known as the diatonic scale, but when did the scale originate? - Question Asked in the argument

A fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite has four holes, which are spaced in exactly the right way for playing the third through sixth notes of a diatonic scale.- Discovery shown , and author is most likely resolving the question asked

The entire flute must surely have had more holes, and the flute was made from a bone that was long enough for these additional holes to have allowed a complete diatonic scale to be played.- Supporting the above discovery.

Therefore, the Neanderthals who made the flute probably used a diatonic musical scale - Conclusion based on the evidence.

A is the answer
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Re: Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 10:34
Nina1987 wrote:
Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-note scale known as the diatonic scale, but when did the scale originate? A fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite has four holes, which are spaced in exactly the right way for playing the third through sixth notes of a diatonic scale. The entire flute must surely have had more holes, and the flute was made from a bone that was long enough for these additional holes to have allowed a complete diatonic scale to be played. Therefore, the Neanderthals who made the flute probably used a diatonic musical scale.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


(A) The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is the main conclusion stated in the argument.

(B) The first introduces evidence to support the main conclusion of the argument; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed.

(C) The first describes a discovery as undermining the position against which the argument as a whole is directed; the second states the main conclusion of the argument.

(D) The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second presents a position to which the argument is opposed.

(E) The first introduces the phenomenon that the argument as a whole seeks to explain; the second gives a reason to rule out one possible explanation.


Similar question to practice: https://gmatclub.com/forum/most-of-west ... 06068.html
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Re: Most of Western music since the Renaissance has been based on a seven-   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2019, 10:34
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