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# Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget

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Manager
Status: GMAT Preperation
Joined: 04 Feb 2010
Posts: 103
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Social Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3
WE: Consulting (Insurance)
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 150 [1] , given: 15

Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2010, 22:29
1
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

70% (01:23) correct 30% (00:37) wrong based on 38 sessions

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Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced each year.
(A) mandate that the state budget be balanced
(B) mandate the state budget to be balanced
(C) mandate that the state budget will be balanced
(D) have a mandate for a balanced state budget
(E) have a mandate to balance the state budget

how to eliminate E ??
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Manager
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 89
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 63 [1] , given: 3

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21 Oct 2010, 22:39
1
KUDOS
vanidhar wrote:
Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced each year.
(A) mandate that the state budget be balanced
(B) mandate the state budget to be balanced
(C) mandate that the state budget will be balanced
(D) have a mandate for a balanced state budget
(E) have a mandate to balance the state budget

how to eliminate E ??

"Mandate" is a special verb which can impose subjunctive mood on the sentence. So the above sntence is an example of subjunctive mood. The sentence formation for subjunctive mood is-
........mandate that [subject] [infinitive verb without to] [rest of the sentence]
Hence, A is the only correct answer.

There are other verbs like request, demand propose, mandate etc which imposes subjunctive mood on the sentence.
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Joined: 03 Aug 2010
Posts: 246
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Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 41

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21 Oct 2010, 23:53
vanidhar wrote:
Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced each year.
(A) mandate that the state budget be balanced
(B) mandate the state budget to be balanced
(C) mandate that the state budget will be balanced
(D) have a mandate for a balanced state budget
(E) have a mandate to balance the state budget

how to eliminate E ??

its a case of subjunctive mood, so infinitive verb form cant be used
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Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 172
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Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 15

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01 Jan 2011, 09:23
Mandate is a bossy word. It doesn't require any thing only be can use..A
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Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2014, 03:35
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2014, 03:35
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