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# Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 60610
Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2018, 21:47
1
5
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

72% (00:32) correct 28% (00:47) wrong based on 435 sessions

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Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced each year.

(A) mandate that the state budget be balanced

(B) mandate the state budget to be balanced

(C) mandate that the state budget will be balanced

(D) have a mandate for a balanced state budget

(E) have a mandate to balance the state budget

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Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2018, 22:17
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Bunuel wrote:
Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced each year.

(A) mandate that the state budget be balanced

(B) mandate the state budget to be balanced

(C) mandate that the state budget will be balanced

(D) have a mandate for a balanced state budget

(E) have a mandate to balance the state budget

+1 for A

Subjunctive + that + be

(A) mandate that the state budget be balanced

(B) mandate the state budget to be balanced

(C) mandate that the state budget will be balanced

(D) have a mandate for a balanced state budget

(E) have a mandate to balance the state budget
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Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2019, 02:49
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devavrat, more details why A is correct while all other remaining choices are not.

There are several BossyWords, which require special usage: BOSSY WORD + THAT + BARE INFINITIVE

The list of such words:
demand
dictate
insist
mandate
request
recommend
stipulate
suggest

With these 9 verbs (and with their noun form) the use of should/will/to infinite is considered incorrect.

Right: mandate that the state budget be balanced
Wrong: mandate the state budget to be balanced - omitting "that" in subjuntive mood is an error; infinitive with "to" is also wrong.
Wrong: mandate that the state budget will be balanced - "will be" or "should be" is not allowed for subjuntive

Choices D and E are wrong for the same violation of "the subjunctive formula". Plus, it is preferred to use action verb "mandate" than to convey the same meaning with the use of noun form"have a mandate"

Another usage (all books say that it is tested more rarely on GMAT): It is IMPORTANT/ESSENTIAL + THAT + BARE INFINITIVE
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Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced  [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2018, 20:19
(A) mandate that the state budget be balanced

Fits absolutely perfect. No grammatical errors.
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Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2019, 01:29
Hi can someone pls explain this sentence
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Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2019, 01:38
devavrat wrote:
Hi can someone pls explain this sentence

Isn't it explained above? Do you have any specific questions?
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Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2019, 01:57
Quote:
Isn't it explained above? Do you have any specific questions?

So is the question only testing specific idioms ??
Is the meaning of the sentence correct in all the 5 options?
Re: Most state constitutions now mandate that the state budget be balanced   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2019, 01:57
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