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# Most states impose limitations on the authority of the

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Manager
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Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 02 Nov 2014, 01:21
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9
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (00:40) correct 24% (00:50) wrong based on 1219 sessions

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Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money,
with their objectives being to protect
taxpayers and the credit of the state government.
A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect.
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect.
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting.
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting.

Originally posted by JCLEONES on 29 Jan 2008, 13:40.
Last edited by WoundedTiger on 02 Nov 2014, 01:21, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2012, 08:09
7
kuttingchai wrote:
Will vote for C

A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect. - Pronoun "their" is ambiguous - can refer to States or limitations
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of - of which ??
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect. - Correct - limitations intended to protect x & y
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting. - for borrowing money - idiom error
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting. - for borrowing money - idiom error

Good explanation and the correct answer is C. I should point out a key issue on answer choice A. You cite pronoun ambiguity as the reason to eliminate answer choice A, but the GMAT has shown a surprising tolerance for pronoun ambiguity, so you shouldn't use that for elminations. Stragnely, the GMAT is almost completely intolerant of the word "being" (OG13 #100 is one of the few correct uses of the word being), so you can comfortably eliminate choices with "being".

KW
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2013, 12:22
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nt2010 wrote:
Excellent explanations!

Just want to understand the for borrowing idiom error -

If choice C was re-stated as follows using for preposition, will it still be correct..

C. to borrow money for borrowing, limitations intended to protect.

Hi nt2010.

I don't think "for borrowing" is wrong idiom. The point, here, is the difference between "to + Verb" and "for + Verb-ing". As egmat (a legend gmat instructor) says "Don’t only trust your ears or instincts. Read on to know why they [to verb or for Verb-ing] don’t get grammatical approval."

In short:

*To + Verb ==> talks about purpose or intent
*For + Verb-ing ==> talks about reason or "what for"

Examples:
I study Gmat to apply Ph.D ==> intention is very clear, so "To + Verb" is correct.
I got admired for graduating Ph.D ==> The reason I got admired is I graduated Ph.D ==> "for + Verb-ing" is correct. We cannot say "to graduate" - intention here.

Back to the question. "For borrowing" is wrong because the intended meaning is "impose limitations on X to do Y". Not "impose limitations on X for/because of doing Y"

to-verb-vs-for-verb-ing-144017.html

Hope it helps.
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##### General Discussion
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Joined: 25 Nov 2012
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Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 27 Feb 2017, 04:34
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Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government.

A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting

Originally posted by tinashine20 on 25 Nov 2012, 01:35.
Last edited by abhimahna on 27 Feb 2017, 04:34, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 04:46
option c expresses the purpose of the limitations very clearly.
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 09:58
2
tinashine20 wrote:
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government.

A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting

A : Incorrect use of 'being'
B : to borrow....to protect should be used
C : Correct
D : 'for borrowing' is incorrect
E : 'for borrowing' is incorrect
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 11:04
2
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect taxpayers and the credit of the state government.

A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect to borrow correct but being to is not preferred.
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of to borrow correct, but of which are the awkward and wordy
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect to borrow, limitations intended - correct meaning and concise
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting for borrowing money - incorrect
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protectingfor borrowing money - incorrect
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 13:57
1
A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect. -- Being not needed
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of -- Parallelism issue
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect. -- Correct
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting. -- to borrow is correct here
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting --- Same as D
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 21:09
Yes C is the correct answer....
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2012, 23:15
7
Will vote for C

A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect. - Pronoun "their" is ambiguous - can refer to States or limitations
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of - of which ??
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect. - Correct - limitations intended to protect x & y
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting. - for borrowing money - idiom error
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting. - for borrowing money - idiom error
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2012, 13:20
JCLEONES wrote:
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money,
with their objectives being to protect
taxpayers and the credit of the state government.
A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect.
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect.
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting.
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting.

I think the second clause starting with "with their objective...." does not has a verb hence we need to insert a verb...If we use this only C will remain and others will be eliminated.
A.to protect is not verb its an infinitive.
B. are ...protecting is verb but the usage is absurd.
C. intended is verb....
D. is protecting is verb, for borrowing is not the correct usage here "to borrow' is preferable and correct.
E. no verb present "intent " is noun and protecting is participal.
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 04:38
KyleWiddison wrote:
kuttingchai wrote:
Will vote for C

A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect. - Pronoun "their" is ambiguous - can refer to States or limitations
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of - of which ??
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect. - Correct - limitations intended to protect x & y
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting. - for borrowing money - idiom error
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting. - for borrowing money - idiom error

Good explanation and the correct answer is C. I should point out a key issue on answer choice A. You cite pronoun ambiguity as the reason to eliminate answer choice A, but the GMAT has shown a surprising tolerance for pronoun ambiguity, so you shouldn't use that for elminations. Stragnely, the GMAT is almost completely intolerant of the word "being" (OG13 #100 is one of the few correct uses of the word being), so you can comfortably eliminate choices with "being".

KW

Hi kyle,
I understand E is wrong due to idiom error but I would like to know if the following is incorrect in E. Kindly help.
' limitations with the intent of protecting'
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2013, 07:40
1
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Sachin9 wrote:
KyleWiddison wrote:
kuttingchai wrote:
Will vote for C

A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect. - Pronoun "their" is ambiguous - can refer to States or limitations
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of - of which ??
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect. - Correct - limitations intended to protect x & y
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting. - for borrowing money - idiom error
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting. - for borrowing money - idiom error

Good explanation and the correct answer is C. I should point out a key issue on answer choice A. You cite pronoun ambiguity as the reason to eliminate answer choice A, but the GMAT has shown a surprising tolerance for pronoun ambiguity, so you shouldn't use that for elminations. Stragnely, the GMAT is almost completely intolerant of the word "being" (OG13 #100 is one of the few correct uses of the word being), so you can comfortably eliminate choices with "being".

KW

Hi kyle,
I understand E is wrong due to idiom error but I would like to know if the following is incorrect in E. Kindly help.
' limitations with the intent of protecting'

There is nothing grammatically wrong with the phrase "limitations with the intent of protecting", but when we compare it to the alternative, "limitations intended to protect", we can see it's shortcomings. "Intended to protect" is a much stronger phrase with a very clear meaning, whereas "limitations with the intent of protecting" is awkward and a bit unclear. Also, this is one of the few times that you can use Concision to make an elimination on the GMAT. Most people think that Concision means the shortest answer choice, but that is not the case at all. If fact, very often when you apply the Concision rule correctly, you are eliminating the shorter answer choices. Concision really means focusing on word selection and choosing a single word as opposed to a phrase. In this case, "Intended" is more concise than "with the intent", so you would eliminate E on that basis.

Hope that helps.

KW
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2013, 04:48
here, To protect and to borrow money is parallel. So we can easily eliminate the options B,D and E. Confusion should come between A and C. Finally Answer is 'C'
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2013, 11:08
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect.

Would it still be correct if the word limitations was omitted...???
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2013, 05:56
Good explanation and the correct answer is C. I should point out a key issue on answer choice A. You cite pronoun ambiguity as the reason to eliminate answer choice A, but the GMAT has shown a surprising tolerance for pronoun ambiguity, so you shouldn't use that for elminations. Stragnely, the GMAT is almost completely intolerant of the word "being" (OG13 #100 is one of the few correct uses of the word being), so you can comfortably eliminate choices with "being".

Hi kyle,
I understand E is wrong due to idiom error but I would like to know if the following is incorrect in E. Kindly help.
' limitations with the intent of protecting'[/quote]

There is nothing grammatically wrong with the phrase "limitations with the intent of protecting", but when we compare it to the alternative, "limitations intended to protect", we can see it's shortcomings. "Intended to protect" is a much stronger phrase with a very clear meaning, whereas "limitations with the intent of protecting" is awkward and a bit unclear. Also, this is one of the few times that you can use Concision to make an elimination on the GMAT. Most people think that Concision means the shortest answer choice, but that is not the case at all. If fact, very often when you apply the Concision rule correctly, you are eliminating the shorter answer choices. Concision really means focusing on word selection and choosing a single word as opposed to a phrase. In this case, "Intended" is more concise than "with the intent", so you would eliminate E on that basis.

Hope that helps.

KW[/quote]

Hi Kylie
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money
Limitations intended to protect X n Y.

Thanks
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2013, 10:12
Excellent explanations!

Just want to understand the for borrowing idiom error -

If choice C was re-stated as follows using for preposition, will it still be correct..

C. to borrow money for borrowing, limitations intended to protect.
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2013, 13:15
JCLEONES wrote:
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money,
with their objectives being to protect
taxpayers and the credit of the state government.
A. to borrow money, with their objectives being to protect.
B. to borrow money, the objectives of which are the protecting of
C. to borrow money, limitations intended to protect.
D. for borrowing money, of which the objective is protecting.
E. for borrowing money, limitations with the intent of protecting.

A : is suspicious because of being . i will come back if i find grammatical errors in other options.
B : is verbose and sort of redundant (the objectives of which -> redundant (the objectives are X and Y would have been acceptable)).
C: is concise and clear.
D: ,of which is not correctly used here. another thing to notice is 'is' and it's incorrect because we have plural objectives.
E: Loose out to C because with the intent is verbose compared to intended to in C.

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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2013, 06:47
2
nt2010 wrote:
Excellent explanations!

Just want to understand the for borrowing idiom error -

If choice C was re-stated as follows using for preposition, will it still be correct..

C. to borrow money for borrowing, limitations intended to protect.

Strictly speaking, no, the idiom "limitations for" is not correct. If you wanted to use the participle borrowing, you could say "limitations ON borrowing" and it would be a correct idiom.

That said, I don't think this is an idiom that you would be likely to see on the GMAT. The incorrect idiom, "limitations for borrowing", is a bit awkward but the intended meaning is still clear. Here is a similar example that I think you could still see on the GMAT because the meaning is significantly impacted by different idiom forms: mistake for vs mistake to. Be careful not to mistake the cat for an intruder [the cat is not an intruder]. Be careful not to mistake the cat to an intruder [you are going to give the cat to an intruder?].

KW
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2013, 07:06
apps17 wrote:
Hi Kyle
Most states impose limitations on the authority of the legislature to borrow money
Limitations intended to protect X n Y.

Thanks

C looks may look like a run-on sentence but it is not. For it to be a run-on sentence it would need two independent clauses separated by a comma. An independent clause requires a working (tensed) verb. The word "intended" looks like a verb (past tense) but it's really the past participle acting as a modifier for limitations. To illustrate: I created curfew limitations intended to keep the kids safe. The verb is "created" and "intended" is modifying the word limitations (what type of limitations? the type intended to keep kids safe). To make "intended" a verb I would say: I intended to keep kids safe by creating curfew limitations (here "intended" is acting as the verb). Since we don't have a working verb in the section after the comma, we don't have a run-on sentence.

Does that help?

KW
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Re: Most states impose limitations on the authority of the &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jun 2013, 07:06

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