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# Much work performed by small business owners

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General GMAT Forum Moderator
Joined: 29 Jan 2015
Posts: 1048
Location: India
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)

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08 May 2017, 09:41
6
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:06) correct 48% (01:12) wrong based on 317 sessions

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Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.

(A) which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(B) which are essential to successful operations, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(C) which is essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.
(D) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(E) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.

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Joined: 05 May 2017
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08 May 2017, 09:46
rohan2345 wrote:
Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.

(A) which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(B) which are essential to successful operations, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(C) which is essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.
(D) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(E) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.

(D) is the answer. The work in the subject is singular so the verb should also be singular. Thus, options (A), (B) and (C) are ruled out. "Small business owners" is plural so "its" in (E) is incorrect. Hence, (D) is the correct answer.

But I have one question in the stimulus. Is "like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes" correct? Should'nt it be such as as it is citing examples and not comparing anything?
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 375

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08 May 2017, 09:50
"Like" can also be used to point examples​

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Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Feb 2015
Posts: 360
Location: India
Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, General Management
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
GMAT 2: 720 Q49 V39
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09 May 2017, 03:59
1
Whats the source of this question? Like in gmat is always used to compare nouns never to introduce examples.
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Joined: 07 Jul 2012
Posts: 377
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Accounting
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09 May 2017, 22:41
1
Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.

(A) which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees. (Work is singular)
(B) which are essential to successful operations, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees. (Same as A)
(C) which is essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by its employees. (Same as A)
(D) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by their employees. (Correct)
(E) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by its employees. (Small business owners are plural. So usage of its is wrong)

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09 May 2017, 23:38
rohan2345 wrote:
Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.

(A) which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(B) which are essential to successful operations, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(C) which is essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.
(D) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(E) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.

Much work x,y and z Plural
Hence plural verb " which are essential"

And plural verb have gone unnoticed .

Their correctly refers to Business owners.

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Joined: 07 Sep 2018
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25 Sep 2018, 08:24
Is "which" used correctly here? Shouldnt "which" always refer to a noun, and not a clause? In this case, Which should refer to `work` so shouldnt it be `which is essential`?
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Joined: 27 Aug 2014
Posts: 140
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GPA: 3.9
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01 Oct 2018, 07:16
rohan2345 wrote:
Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.

(A) which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(B) which are essential to successful operations, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(C) which is essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.
(D) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(E) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.

This does'nt seem like GMAT question. especially on using like and on the structure of the question itself. What is the source?
Intern
Joined: 12 Mar 2018
Posts: 12
GPA: 4
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08 Oct 2018, 22:13
"much" work is singular....
usage of which? It cannot refer to a noun...but how is it doing here...
like is used to give examples...
SV Agreement is not clear...
Out of consistency and meaning I marked B. But due to SV it is not correct
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Joined: 03 Apr 2017
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09 Oct 2018, 08:48
rohan2345 wrote:
Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.

(A) which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(B) which are essential to successful operations, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(C) which is essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.
(D) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(E) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.

I have a feeling that D is not correct. Here which refers to 'much work' and acts as the subject of the next clause. Now option D states which are, meaning 'much work' is plural, but then says has gone, meaning the same 'much work' is singular. It contradicts itself as to whether much work is singular or plural.
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Joined: 28 May 2018
Posts: 75

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09 Oct 2018, 09:35
mitrakaushi
their can't refer to much work
B) Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by work employees. - If we substitute "work" in place of their , it is not making sense.

B) Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by small business owners employees. - Now its making sense.
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Joined: 25 Jan 2013
Posts: 21
Concentration: Marketing, Strategy
GPA: 3.64

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09 Oct 2018, 22:53
rohan2345 wrote:
Much work performed by small business owners, like managing human relations, keeping track of accounts, and paying taxes, which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.

(A) which are essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(B) which are essential to successful operations, have gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(C) which is essential to its successful operation, have gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.
(D) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by their employees.
(E) which are essential to successful operation, has gone virtually unnoticed by its employees.

Red colored portions are the incorrect part.
Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: Much work performed by small business owners &nbs [#permalink] 09 Oct 2018, 22:53
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