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# Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 21:14
1
Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels,ponds,and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator,and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

A) their annual migrations following -- We have a structure clause + and + modifier -> which is wrong and this sentence requires a clause. Hence We require a verb.
B) their annual migrations which follow -> which refers to migrations and follow is the correct verb to follow which. But the subject of the clause "their annual migrations" just hangs by itself.
C) their annual migrations follow -> Correct
D) whose annual migrations following -> whose indicates an dependent clause. We require an independent clause. And we require a verb - follow.
E) whose annual migrations follow -> whose indicates an dependent clause. We require an independent clause
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2014, 05:44
1
Sorry.

My approach is really holystic to this exam. When a student tries to stick a problem following rigid patterns, sorry but is the worst scenario. Before or after you will be stuck somewhere.

My approach is global to a problem, flexible. I do not follow a dogma or preconceived rules. I try to visualize the whole picture, basically.

This is also confirmed by the strategy showed in the new Verbal Guide 6th edition by MGMAT.

This is a test of logic not rules

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2014, 08:39
4
IMO - C

Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels,ponds,and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator,and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

>> after colon either examples are presented or explanation of the preceding argument. Here explanation is present (right?). We need ICs.
in icy channels,ponds,and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator,and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.
X, and Y - both need to be ICs. However, Y is not IC because it's lacking a verb.

A) their annual migrations following
>> as explained above

B) their annual migrations which follow
>> which almost always need a comma before. Also, we needed Y to be an IC

C) their annual migrations follow
>> CORRECT: as explained above

D) whose annual migrations following
>> violets the parallelism+IC issue

E) whose annual migrations follow
>> as in D
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2015, 02:57
souvik101990 wrote:
Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels,ponds,and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator,and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

A) their annual migrations following
B) their annual migrations which follow
C) their annual migrations follow
D) whose annual migrations following
E) whose annual migrations follow

A - ',+and' demands an IC to follow. Here 'following' is a participle and not a verb. Hence (A) is wrong.
B - 'their' does not have a verb. Hence (B) is wrong.
C - IMO Right
D - Same as (B) - no verb for whose. Also 'whose' is a relative pronoun suited to introduce a DC rather than an IC
E - 'whose' is a relative pronoun suited to introduce a DC rather than an IC
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2015, 16:59
1
Structure has to be parallel to seek. Hence choose follow.
Eliminate --> A, D

Split 2:- Independent clause vs Dependent clause
i.e. use of whose and their.
Whose is used for dependent clause whereas their is used for independent clause.
Since it is an independent clause we need to use their.
Eliminate --> E

Split 3:- Use of which
Which as being non-essential modifier here is needed to be preceded by comma.
Eliminate -->B

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 06:54
sayantanc2k

LulaBrazilia wrote:
Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels, ponds, and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator, and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

(A) their annual migrations following

(B) their annual migrations which follow

(C) their annual migrations follow

(D) whose annual migrations following

(E) whose annual migrations follow

I got confused by this inverted structure of the sentence.

In icy channels, ponds, and ice-shielded bays
they seek sanctuary from killer whales and
their annual migrations follow the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

It looks like half of the sentence is inverted and half is in simple form.
I believe it would have been better if it would look as below

they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator, in icy channels, ponds, and ice-shielded bays and their annual migrations follow the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2016, 15:42
I don't like answer choice C. Their can refer to whales or the Narwhals. Can someone please clear this up for me?
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2016, 21:59
r0ckst4r wrote:
I don't like answer choice C. Their can refer to whales or the Narwhals. Can someone please clear this up for me?

I would like to make a point here, the catch of GMAT SC is that you have to understand the meaning of the sentence and then apply the concepts and rules to reach the right answer.
Trust me I am speaking from 1.5 years of rigorous GMAT preparation. So coming back, re read the sentence and you will understand that the author is talking about / rather the author is trying to make a point why the whale is called icy ..it is because they take recluse in icy cold waters to hide from predators and follow their migration cycle.

Rest all distorts the meaning.

I will make one more suggestion for the GMAT only practice the official question the practice test companies fail to capture the gmat essence.
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2017, 10:56
i'll take a shot at this

Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator, and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

A. their annual migrations following
B. their annual migrations which follow
C. their annual migrations follow
D. whose annual migrations following
E. whose annual migrations follow

Now, NOTE THE SEMICOLON (:). This splits the passage into TWO parts (come after the semicolon)
1) they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator (can easily eliminate "their chief predator" -- this is just a modifier)
2) and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm (of advancing and retreating ice. -- easily eliminate)

^ hopefully it's easy to see whats wrong here: "they seek" & "their migrations following"?? No, it should be "they seek" & "their migrations follow"

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2017, 02:40
souvik101990 wrote:
Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels,ponds,and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator,and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

Hi,
According to my understanding 'their annual migrations' is about killer whales. Please clarify.
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2017, 03:28
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Quote:
anje wrote

According to my understanding, 'their annual migrations' is about killer whales. Please clarify.

'Their' cannot refer to Narwhals in one place and to killer whales in another place. In addition, why will the second IC talk about the killer whales' migration when the scope of the passage is about Narwhals' behavior?
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2017, 04:33
daagh wrote:
Quote:
anje wrote

According to my understanding, 'their annual migrations' is about killer whales. Please clarify.

'Their' cannot refer to Narwhals in one place and to killer whales in another place. In addition, why will the second IC talk about the killer whales' migration when the scope of the passage is about Narwhals' behavior?

Thanks Daag I got it.
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s  [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 08:00
Dear Moderators,

Kindly change this question to a "hard" category since GMATPrep has marked it as "hard" as well.

Best,
SS18

anon1 wrote:
Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, pouds and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator, and their annual migrations following the seasnal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.
A. their annual migrations following
B. their annual migrations which follow
C. their annual migrations follow
D. whose annual migrations following
E. whose annual migrations follow

So I have no idea what this question is even trying to say. The whole thing sounds illogical to me.

Why is the correct answer C not some sort of fragment?

To me, it sounds like this... Narwhals seek sanctuary from killer whales, and their annual migrations follow the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

To me, "seek" (conjugated verb) is not structurally parallel to "their annual migrations" follow.... ugh
Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s &nbs [#permalink] 18 May 2017, 08:00

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