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# Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s

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Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2012, 15:53
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Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator, and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

(A) their annual migrations following

(B) their annual migrations which follow

(C) their annual migrations follow

(D) whose annual migrations following

(E) whose annual migrations follow

GMATPrep Code : VSC002507
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 04 Oct 2017, 17:36, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2012, 16:03
I'm always happy for a gmatprep-gmat-original sentence.

Why do you have problems with C. It is pretty straightforward.

A is wrong brcause the verb following doesn't make sense at all in the context

B is wrong for the reason that $$which$$ is preceded always by a comma in american english or at least in gmatland

D and E with the usage of whose is wrong because is the possessive of who, and refers to who or ewhat ??'

C is clear and straight: narvals $$follow$$ the seasonal movements of the ice

Hope this helps
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2012, 05:58
This has something to do with the structure of a sentence. Generally compound sentences involving the coordinator 'and' will have to balance the structure on either sides of the said conjunction parallelly. You may find that in the clauses follows the semicolon, the first part is a full-fledged while you expect the same such clause in the second part after ‘and’ having a full verb. . Unfortunately choices A, B, D and E contain simple phrases involving participles or sub clauses having which or whose. Only C sticks to the basic grammar of structure.
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2012, 06:37
Can some one explain what is the problem in FOLLOWING in option A with an explanantion???
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2012, 08:04
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@skamal

1. X ate water melon, his children looking at him —This is a simple sentence where x is the subject, and ate is the verb and the fruit, the object; What follows after the comma is a simple phrase, without a verb( looking’ is a present participle , not a verb) . We cannot use an ‘and’ in this case after the watermelon because and we can join only two equal things, be it two clauses or phrases or simply words. The word ‘and’ prevents the modifier phrase from being grammatically attached to the IC.
2. X ate watermelon as his children looked at him --- This is complex sentence, involving an independent clause (IC) and a dependent clause, both of which have their own verbs and hence they are called clauses. The word ‘as’ is a subordinate conjunction and now after having used a subordinate conjunction, we cannot use again another co-ordinate conjunction such as ‘and’.
3. When you follow an IC with and, then what must follow must also be an IC. Since ‘and’ is not underlined and since that will be part of any answer, then the only choice that will go with that structure is a clause that has a verb in the second arm ; only C has that structure.

I hope it is clear now why A violates sentence structure
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2012, 12:19
C

The comma after "their chief predator" signals that the next part of the sentence could be a standalone sentence. You need a comma to link these. To find the correct answer, you must see which of the answer choices, followed by "the seasnal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice", can stand on their own as a sentence. Answer choice C is the only one that can do so; therefore, Answer choice C is correct.
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2013, 22:50
Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, pouds and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator, and their annual migrations following the seasnal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.
A. their annual migrations following
B. their annual migrations which follow
C. their annual migrations follow
D. whose annual migrations following
E. whose annual migrations follow

Can anyone explain option a & c in detail

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 02:47
if we were to go by it technically ... the they seek will have to be in parellel with they follow and not following

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 13:54
A lacks the main verb and hence is a fragment

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2013, 15:56
After three minutes and a half I got it right. The important thing is to hnderstand that the underlined part stillmodifies the narwhales , not their predator.

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2013, 19:57
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2013, 02:40
daagh wrote:
@skamal

1. X ate water melon, his children looking at him —This is a simple sentence where x is the subject, and ate is the verb and the fruit, the object; What follows after the comma is a simple phrase, without a verb( looking’ is a present participle , not a verb) . We cannot use an ‘and’ in this case after the watermelon because and we can join only two equal things, be it two clauses or phrases or simply words. The word ‘and’ prevents the modifier phrase from being grammatically attached to the IC.
2. X ate watermelon as his children looked at him --- This is complex sentence, involving an independent clause (IC) and a dependent clause, both of which have their own verbs and hence they are called clauses. The word ‘as’ is a subordinate conjunction and now after having used a subordinate conjunction, we cannot use again another co-ordinate conjunction such as ‘and’.
3. When you follow an IC with and, then what must follow must also be an IC. Since ‘and’ is not underlined and since that will be part of any answer, then the only choice that will go with that structure is a clause that has a verb in the second arm ; only C has that structure.

I hope it is clear now why A violates sentence structure

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2013, 10:51
anon1 wrote:
Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, pouds and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator, and their annual migrations following the seasnal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.
A. their annual migrations following
B. their annual migrations which follow
C. their annual migrations follow
D. whose annual migrations following
E. whose annual migrations follow

[Reveal] Spoiler:
So I have no idea what this question is even trying to say. The whole thing sounds illogical to me.

Why is the correct answer C not some sort of fragment?

To me, it sounds like this... Narwhals seek sanctuary from killer whales, and their annual migrations follow the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

To me, "seek" (conjugated verb) is not structurally parallel to "their annual migrations" follow.... ugh

carcass has that part right, it is a perfect gmat original sentence and quick to ill it helps your clock, ( I am hus adding here that this might be one of those candidates whose reponse matters wheere from the difficuty distribution, you get the next few 'targets'? Also in whch case, oe sth e Adaptive mark my seconds with which I ease into the right answer..(I understand we get two chances during the exam to test the difficulty barrier towards sonic scores..

C it is , straght and narrow, no other range definitions, modifiers or leftover reasoning to fit in the rest of the sentence.

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 08:17
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Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels,ponds,and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator,and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

A) their annual migrations following
B) their annual migrations which follow
C) their annual migrations follow
D) whose annual migrations following
E) whose annual migrations follow

Can some one explain why answer is not B?
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 10:44
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C is the most concise and straight choice to choose from

B is wrong because adding which, then the meaning is completly changed. If you use which follow you need to specify something related to, such as:

their annual migrations, which have a specific pattern, follow the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

Moreover, GMAT always uses which proceeded by a comma. Never as B shows

Hope is clear
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 11:37
carcass can you explain the d/w b/w C and E. I chose C b/c it sounded right but I need to understand the specific reason. Thanks in advance !

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 12:08
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carcass can you explain the d/w b/w C and E. I chose C b/c it sounded right but I need to understand the specific reason. Thanks in advance !

Sure with pleasure but as for the bold part I ca infer the meaning but maybe someone else does not so write a complete sentence without abbreviations

Back to the question

A) their annual migrations following - here we have not a verb : are following if the case. Moreover, it seems that the migrations follow something per se and not the narwhals that is the real meaning

D) whose annual migrations following - lacks of verb and also whose is a nasty word. Whose is the possessive form of both who and which. It could refer both to persons and animals and inanimate things, such as trees. Here it refers to animals so it must have an antecedent but which one ?? whales, predator ?? is not clear

E) same as D

Refer to this for further clarification http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/educat ... te-objects

Hoe is clear
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 13:36
Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels,ponds,and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator,and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

A) their annual migrations following - following - verb-ing modifier, wrongly modifying migrations, Eliminate A

B) their annual migrations which follow - rule: WHICH without comma or without preposition is almost always wrong in GMAT. Eliminate B
C) their annual migrations follow - seems ok, i will keep it
D) whose annual migrations following - whose, NOt parallel,Elimiante D
E) whose annual migrations follow - same reason as D, Eliminate E

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 20:19
Quote:
D) whose annual migrations following - lacks of verb and also whose is a nasty word. Whose is the possessive form of both who and which. It could refer both to persons and animals and inanimate things, such as trees. Here it refers to animals so it must have an antecedent but which one ?? whales, predator ?? is not clear
E) same as D

i fear this is not the real reason for which D and E is wrong. if we go by above reasoning then "their" in correct option C will also appear ambiguous .the real fault with D is that in option D and E nothing is parallel to the construction "AND WHOSE"

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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 21:14
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Narwhals can be called whales of the ice: in icy channels,ponds,and ice-shielded bays they seek sanctuary from killer whales, their chief predator,and their annual migrations following the seasonal rhythm of advancing and retreating ice.

A) their annual migrations following -- We have a structure clause + and + modifier -> which is wrong and this sentence requires a clause. Hence We require a verb.
B) their annual migrations which follow -> which refers to migrations and follow is the correct verb to follow which. But the subject of the clause "their annual migrations" just hangs by itself.
C) their annual migrations follow -> Correct
D) whose annual migrations following -> whose indicates an dependent clause. We require an independent clause. And we require a verb - follow.
E) whose annual migrations follow -> whose indicates an dependent clause. We require an independent clause
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Re: Narwhals can be called whales of ice: in icy channels, ponds and ice-s   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2014, 21:14

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