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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane

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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 14:20
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The right time to use POE-method.
We need to justify the use of "are" in the middle of the sentence.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms - out, because in this case "are" will be misused.
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms - correct
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - out, because in this case "are" will be misused.
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms - out, because in this case "are" will be misused.
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - out, because in this case "are" will be misused.

The answer is B
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New post 22 Jul 2019, 14:58
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(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
non-parallel structure: the relative clause (that resembled) is not parallel to the absolute clause (a large caterpillar consumed)

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
correct parallel structure between two participials :"consumed" & "resembling"

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms (..,are)
(that is ... and that are) --> clear SV agreement error. the subject "caterpillar" can't be singular and plural at the same time.

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
non-parallel structure: the relative clause (that is) is not parallel to the independent clause (it resembles)

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms (..,are)
"That" is modifying "a caterpillar" which is singular, so it can't be followed by "that are"
non-parallel structure: the relative clause (that are) is not parallel to the absolute clause (a large caterpillar consumed)
incomplete clause: "the mopane worm" has no verb in this case.

B
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 16:55
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(A) Parallel mismatch.
(B) Correct
(C) that doesn't have verb. Comma is wrongly placed. Broken sentence
(D) Parallel mismatch
(E) that doesn't have verb. Comma is wrongly placed. Broken sentence

Correct answer is B.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 17:16
The underlined portion is part of a clause which modifies “mopane worm”. The problems I find with the underlined portion are pronoun ambiguity and the wrong tense of the verb “resemble”. The usage of the pronoun “that” creates ambiguity in that we are unsure if it refers to the noun phrase millions of Africans or mopane worms. Usage of resembled creates a picture as though we are referring to the past, but that is not what meaning of entire sentence suggest. So we can rule out A.

B, C, and E can be ruled out because the use of gerund “resembling” is not parallel to “consumer”. B should have introduced a pronoun in order to appropriately refer the resemblance to silkworms to appropriately modify mopane worm.

The use of that in C and E as pronoun for mopane worm is inappropriate.

The right answer is D. “Resembles” is in the right tense and also parallel to consumed. “It” also appropriately refers to mopane worm, clearing all pronoun ambiguities in the sentence.

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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 18:04
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

Main subject/verb is Mopane Worm.........are often canned... that suggests underlined statement to be a modifier of mopane worm.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
lacks parallelism with consumed and THAT..

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
consumed -> modifies worm...
Worm resembling silkworms -> resembling (present participle) modifies worm

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
Worm that is consumed...and that ? , resembling ... here second modifier after that is missing to modify Worm... resembling appears to modifier the whole clause -> worm that is consumed, resembling -> which doesn't make sense

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
Worm that is consumed... and it resembles -> lack of parallelism

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
Worm consumed...and that ? , resembling ... here second modifier after that is missing to modify Worm... resembling appears to modifier the whole clause -> worm that is consumed, resembling -> which doesn't make sense

Based on the answer choices, B is the closest match for modifier parallelism that sentence requires , and is the correct answer!
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 20:09
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms (no antecedant for that)
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms(correct pair of modifiers)
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms (no verb for that)
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms (it is unnecessary)
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms ( same as C)

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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 20:38
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Original sentence: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, is often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
In this choice, the noun large caterpillar is modified by both a noun modifier consumed by millions of Africans and a that-clause that resembled silkworms. However, this is clearly an error in parallelism, as a noun modifier and a that-clause cannot be parallel. (A) is out.

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
CORRECT ANSWER. The noun large caterpillar is modified by a noun-modifier consumed by millions of Africans and another noun-modifier resembling silkworms. Both noun modifiers are parallel.

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
The noun large caterpillar is modified by both a that-clause that is consumed by millions of Africans and another that-clause that, resembling silkworms, is often canned.... However, the main subject mopane worm clearly misses a verb here, i.e. the verb is. Thus, (C) is gone.

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
The parallelism isn't right in (D).The phrase that follows "and" is a brand-new clause: it resembles silkworms. That can't possibly be correct here, since it resembles silkworms is not parallel to that is consumed by millions of Africans. Besides, the underlined portion is part of a modifier, and I have no idea why we would stick a full, independent clause inside that modifier. Eliminate (D).

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
The noun large caterpillar is modified by both a noun-modifier consumed by millions of Africans and a that-clause that, resembling silkworms, is often canned.... This is clearly an error in parallelism, as a noun-modifier and a that-clause cannot be parallel. In addition, the main subject mopane worm also misses a verb here. Thus, (E) is definitely wrong.


ANSWER IS (B)
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 20:44
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms

This property "consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms" signifies the mopane worm
that resembled silkworms is incorrect as it still resembles. It is a modifier and the correct form is resembling silkworms
eliminate A and D.
Comma after that in C is incorrect since it is an essential modifier. eliminate C
In (E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms .
again that and comma is incorrect

Hence answer is B
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 21:09
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms-Incorrect
resembled silkworms should be a modifier for mopane worm , that here is ambiguous antecedent - general caterpillar or mopane worm

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms -Incorrect
consumed by millions and resembling silkworm are not parallel entities , resembling silkworms should be modifier for mopane worm

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms-Incorrect
"are often canned " used in non-underlined portion clears out that use of 'that is consumed " is wrong , even though it corrects modifier error

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms- Incorrect
Use of singular for mopane worm , when " are often canned " is given in non-underlined portion is wrong

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms-Correct
Correct modifier used , correct SV pair ,gives clear meaning
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New post 22 Jul 2019, 22:05
(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms - the past tense in resembled is incorrect, ‘that’ is redundant
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms - fine
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - it is not packed because it is resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms - ‘it resembles’ is the wrong usage
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - it is not packed because it resembles silkworms

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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 22:19
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms - According to the rule of parallelism, both sides of conjunction AND must be parallel in form and logic. Here, in this option, on LHS we have adj AND that clause. Not parallel. Eliminate
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms - "consumed" and "resembling" although not parallel in form, one is -ed and the other is -ing, they are parallel in logic; they are both adjective that describe noun 'caterpillar', thus they both are parallel. Keep B
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - although parallelism is correct here, SV error is present. "a large caterpillar.........are". Wrong.
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms - LHS of conjunction and has relative pronoun 'that' and RHS has personal pronoun 'it'. Not parallel. Eliminate
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms - same error as in A. Adj and that clause. Besides, E has error in SV as in D: "a large caterpillar......are". Eliminate.
Answer is B
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 23:01
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

Sentence is describing mopane worm, a large caterpillar.
consumed by millions... that resemble silkworms need to modify caterpillar and should be in parallel. In the given sentence they are not in parallel.


(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms --> Error as identified. Incorrect.
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms --> consumed works as -ed modifier and resembling works as -ing modifier. both in parallel and modifying caterpillar. Correct.
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms --> that is consumed is not parallel to that, resembling. resembles could have worked better without comma. Incorrect.
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms --> again parallelism error. that is consumed is not parallel to it resembles. Incorrect.
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms --> that makes it awkward. error similar to that in C. Incorrect.

Answer Choice: B
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 23:29
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms --> Incorrect. Parallelism error. consumed is adjective and resembled is verb form in past tense.

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms --> Correct. None of the parallelism errors are present here. Both consumed and resembling are adjective forms and hence are parallel.

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms --> Incorrect. The second 'that' in the sentence here is causing idiomatic error in the sentence.

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms --> Incorrect. Parallelism error. consumed is adjective and resembles is verb form.

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms --> Incorrect. The 'that' here is redundant and making the sentence incorrect.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 00:11
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.


(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
- " that Resembled " incorrect as it does not convey the meaning correctly. It has to be in present tense because mopane worm continues to resemble silk worm. Eliminate A

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
-Consumed and resembling not parallel. Since both sides of " and " should be parallel. Eliminate B


(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
Again " that is consumed" not parallel with "that, resembling". So Eliminate C

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms

CORRECT as both that + Verb and it + Verb


(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
- Again " consumed" not parallel with "that, resembling". So Eliminate E

ANS - CHOICE D
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 00:13
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
Incorrect parallelism - 'consumed by....' and 'that resembled...'
Past tense 'resembled' is also incorrect.

(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
Incorrect parallelism - 'consumed by....' and 'resembling...'

(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
Correct.

(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
Incorrect parallelism - 'that is consumed by....' and 'it resembles...'

(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
Incorrect parallelism - 'consumed by....' and 'that are...'

Option C.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 00:49
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms: That resembled is not proper tense form, it looks like in present it does not look like silkworms.
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms: Use of gerund is unnecessary and does not go with sentence structure.
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms: Use of gerund is unnecessary and does not go with sentence structure.
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms: This looks proper with sentence structure and clarifies which subject it is talking about.
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms: Use of gerund is unnecessary and does not go with sentence structure.
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 00:59
Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor

(b) is correct ans.

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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 01:25
(A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
(B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
(C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
(D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms
(E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms


B
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 02:26
We need to modify the characteristics of the worm
1. It is eaten by the africans
2. It is similar to a silkworm

Now,
Both these things should be parallel. Thus, we look for the same tense. Option D says, 1 and 2 both are in the present tense.
Why present tense?
Because- the last part of the sentence is in the simple present tense.
IMO- D

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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 02:30
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Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane worm, a large caterpillar consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms, are often canned in tomato sauce or chili sauce to enhance flavor.

A) consumed by millions of Africans and that resembled silkworms
Eliminate A, as it uses resembled (past tense), meaning the caterpillar does not resemble anymore

Eliminate C and E => improper use of comma
C) that is consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms
E) consumed by millions of Africans and that, resembling silkworms

that is can be dropped, it would still mean the same thing
D) that is consumed by millions of Africans and it resembles silkworms

Answer B
B) consumed by millions of Africans and resembling silkworms
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Re: Native to the warmer parts of southern Africa, the mopane   [#permalink] 23 Jul 2019, 02:30

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