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# Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the

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Director
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21 Mar 2011, 08:34
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(N/A)

Question Stats:

14% (00:14) correct 86% (00:37) wrong based on 22 sessions

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Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those
of the apes
and so were probably without language,
a shortcoming that may explain why they were
supplanted by our own species.

A )Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled
those of the apes
B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an
ape's
C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an
ape's
D )The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the
apes’
E )The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled
those of the apes
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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 08:45
1
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B

You cannot use THOSE OF when the original noun is singular.
The rest of the choices has a S-V agreement problem.
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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 09:01
yes, it is B

we need to compare the vocal tracts of neandrathals with those of the apes. also, check the rest of the sentece for correctness. it says that " so were without language" . so who was without language? the neandrathals or their tracts? it has to be neandrathals.
garimavyas wrote:
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those
of the apes
and so were probably without language,
a shortcoming that may explain why they were
supplanted by our own species.

A )Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled
those of the apeswrong comparison is made here
B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an
C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an
ape's vocal tracrs does not agree with rest of the sentence
D )The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the
apes’ wrong comparison
E )The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled
those of the apesagain, wrong comparison and vocal tracts cannot be a subject

Kudos [?]: 69 [0], given: 115

Retired Moderator
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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 09:04
heygirl, I think that "someone" has been reading the MGMAT SC, LOL
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Director
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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 09:22
is it a rule that a singular noun can not be compared to plural ?
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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 09:22
metallicafan wrote:
heygirl, I think that "someone" has been reading the MGMAT SC, LOL

haha
I actually got this rule from the OG itself. I remember reading such things in the OG. I believe that the OG is MORE THAN enough for the SC part. The explanations are fantastic.

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 09:36
When you compare a noun vs. THAT OF/THOSE OF, yes, it is a rule.
The number must be the same.

Good advice heygirl, I will read more deeply the explanations in the OG.

heygirl wrote:
metallicafan wrote:
heygirl, I think that "someone" has been reading the MGMAT SC, LOL

haha
I actually got this rule from the OG itself. I remember reading such things in the OG. I believe that the OG is MORE THAN enough for the SC part. The explanations are fantastic.

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 10:19

Guys, Doesn't it mean All Neanderthals share common vocal tract?(Neanderthals =>Plural a vocal tract =>SINGULAR) How could B be correct?

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 10:29
Probably, you are right. However, it is the best among the rest.

Onell wrote:

Guys, Doesn't it mean All Neanderthals share common vocal tract?(Neanderthals =>Plural a vocal tract =>SINGULAR) How could B be correct?

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 10:36
Hi onell
To answer your question I believe ape and Neanderthals are singular here. So sharing is not an option. Just like they wont't be sharing lands, property, wealth and probably girl friends

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 11:04
gmat1220 wrote:
Hi onell
To answer your question I believe ape and Neanderthals are singular here. So sharing is not an option. Just like they wont't be sharing lands, property, wealth and probably girl friends

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device

Neanderthals is plural.....

Neanderthal is singular

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 20:53
Onell wrote:

Guys, Doesn't it mean All Neanderthals share common vocal tract?(Neanderthals =>Plural a vocal tract =>SINGULAR) How could B be correct?

I think this means that Neanderthals had the same kind of vocal tract.

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 20:58
that is why i posted this question here. Neanderthals is supposed to be plural but can it be treated as a singular in this context . its like saying ... dogs had a tail which wagged whenever they saw a bone .
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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2011, 04:17
Yes i agree with you all that answer is B by method of elimination. although one can eliminate B as well on basis of S-V agreement.
However, B is the best choice to go for.
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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2011, 08:32
2
KUDOS
Onell wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
that is why i posted this question here. Neanderthals is supposed to be plural but can it be treated as a singular in this context . its like saying ... dogs had a tail which wagged whenever they saw a bone .

You are allowed to talk about a plural group and reference a singular trait of that plural group. "Neanderthals had a vocal tract" is ok. "Dogs have a tail" is ok. "Humans have a heart that pumps blood" is ok.

"Neanderthals had vocal tracts that resembled those of the apes" might be what you're looking for--but it's not one of the answer choices.

Oftentimes, the optimal/most correct answer choice you might have in mind actually does not show up in the answer choices. It doesn't matter--your job is to pick the best of the existing ones--not the best possible answer choice in your mind.

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2011, 21:00
1
KUDOS
gmatpill wrote:
Onell wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
that is why i posted this question here. Neanderthals is supposed to be plural but can it be treated as a singular in this context . its like saying ... dogs had a tail which wagged whenever they saw a bone .

Oftentimes, the optimal/most correct answer choice you might have in mind actually does not show up in the answer choices. It doesn't matter--your job is to pick the best of the existing ones--not the best possible answer choice in your mind.

that is the input i was looking for , thanks gmatpill
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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 02:35
gmatpill wrote:
Onell wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
that is why i posted this question here. Neanderthals is supposed to be plural but can it be treated as a singular in this context . its like saying ... dogs had a tail which wagged whenever they saw a bone .

You are allowed to talk about a plural group and reference a singular trait of that plural group. "Neanderthals had a vocal tract" is ok. "Dogs have a tail" is ok. "Humans have a heart that pumps blood" is ok.

"Neanderthals had vocal tracts that resembled those of the apes" might be what you're looking for--but it's not one of the answer choices.

Oftentimes, the optimal/most correct answer choice you might have in mind actually does not show up in the answer choices. It doesn't matter--your job is to pick the best of the existing ones--not the best possible answer choice in your mind.

GmatPill thanks for the Post....

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Re: usage of resembled . [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 06:18
Isn't ING form awkward with possessive form in B ....PLEASE CLEAR MY DOUBT

heygirl wrote:
yes, it is B

we need to compare the vocal tracts of neandrathals with those of the apes. also, check the rest of the sentece for correctness. it says that " so were without language" . so who was without language? the neandrathals or their tracts? it has to be neandrathals.
garimavyas wrote:
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those
of the apes
and so were probably without language,
a shortcoming that may explain why they were
supplanted by our own species.

A )Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled
those of the apeswrong comparison is made here
B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an
C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an
ape's vocal tracrs does not agree with rest of the sentence
D )The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the
apes’ wrong comparison
E )The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled
those of the apesagain, wrong comparison and vocal tracts cannot be a subject

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Re: usage of resembled .   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2011, 06:18
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