GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Oct 2019, 21:16

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 165
Location: India
GMAT 1: 570 Q50 V19
GMAT 2: 650 Q49 V28
GMAT 3: 690 Q50 V34
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2015, 23:51
Hi KyleWiddison

Multiple doubts

1) As far as I understood, sentence transition over here went in this way: "Neanderthals [past perfect] and [simple past], so were....[simple past]". Is my understanding correct? Can conjunction join two D/Cs in which one is past perfect and other is in simple past.

2) Do these are the two list items that and connects over here
Neanderthals has a vocal tract
a) resembling an ape's
b) so were without language

Isn't "Neanderthals has a vocal tract so were without language" sound awkward


KyleWiddison wrote:
Excellent discussion on the post thus far. Pronoun replacement is a nice tool for solving problems like this. You just replace the pronoun - in this case the very commonly tested "they" - with the antecedant to see if the result is logical.

...explain why the vocal tracts were supplanted by our own species - illogical.
...explain why the Neanterthals were supplanted by our own species - logical.

You may want to use pronoun replacement whenever you see shifts in the subject (notice they are both plural so it's not a subject/verb question) with a commonly tested pronoun (it, its, they, them, their).

KW

_________________
Middle of nowhere!
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Jul 2011
Posts: 165
Location: India
GMAT 1: 570 Q50 V19
GMAT 2: 650 Q49 V28
GMAT 3: 690 Q50 V34
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2015, 06:11
Hi KyleWiddison,

Thanks for the reply. A very nice point.

Now that I have studied for the GMAT little more, I am confused whether usage of "had" actually makes this clause past perfect. As I studied in some other forum (though that source might not be that reliable) is "Simple trick I use to differentiate (whether HAD is used as past perfect) is: If HAD is followed by a verb or been, then I conclude that Past Perfect is being used.
If HAD is followed by a noun/pronoun, then I conclude that Simple Past is being used."

Source: http://crackverbal.com/forum/threads/Ad ... hbnk2.dpuf

Can you please throw some thoughts on that.

Thanks
_________________
Middle of nowhere!
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 20 Apr 2013
Posts: 122
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Sep 2015, 20:47
rohitmanglik wrote:
Hi KyleWiddison,

Thanks for the reply. A very nice point.

Now that I have studied for the GMAT little more, I am confused whether usage of "had" actually makes this clause past perfect. As I studied in some other forum (though that source might not be that reliable) is "Simple trick I use to differentiate (whether HAD is used as past perfect) is: If HAD is followed by a verb or been, then I conclude that Past Perfect is being used.
If HAD is followed by a noun/pronoun, then I conclude that Simple Past is being used."

What I use is that if "had" is used in the sense of "possession", then it is simple past. Here, Neandethals possessed a vocal tract and so, it should be simple past.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 787
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2015, 05:43
Very nice catch on the "had". In looking at the conjunction I didn't inspect the verb at all. This indeed is the possessive use of "have" in the simple past form. Interestingly as a side note, to make the past perfect of "have" you use the somewhat awkward "had had": I had had all I could stand of the unending rain when mercifully the sun came out.

KW
_________________
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 18
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2015, 02:16
C / D / E are our right away because of "they" in the underlined portion

A is out because of "apes," which can refer to "they" in the underlined portion

Look at B.. very sharp use of singular noun "vocal tract" as not to refer to "they" and use of possessive "ape's" as not to refer to pronoun "they"

One of the most beautiful questions I have ever seen.

I keep in mind that the correct answer choice in GMAT is the one that is air tight. Every pronoun has a clear referent. The moment you think twice the antecedent of the pronoun in the answer choice is the exact moment you should have doubts about it.

KUDOS pls
_________________
I am the champ! Mayweather who?!
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Sep 2015
Posts: 31
Location: United Kingdom
GMAT 1: 640 Q42 V38
GPA: 3.1
Reviews Badge
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2016, 12:32
1
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

Before i start i look at the Sentence and see a"they" this needs to have a proper antecedent

And the vocal tract part needs to be parallel as well

(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes :- This can be re written as Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled "the vocal tract - This is singular and Those is Plural" --- Hence incorrect
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's :- Neanderthals give proper antecedent to they and Vocal tract resembling an ape's vocal tract ---- an gives a marker that it is singlular hence on all accounts its correct
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's :- They becomes ambiguous in this
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apes’ :- They directs to vocal tracts here, hence wrong
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes :- They directs to what?? Neaderthals ?? or Vocal Tracts???
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Aug 2015
Posts: 84
Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jun 2017, 11:29
(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes :-
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apes’
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

Subject of the sentence should be Neanderthal so C,D, and E are out
A is using those instead of that so wrong.
B is best but it also has issue that it uses " ape's " and not " apes' " or this use is correct?
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2863
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jun 2017, 12:05
dabhishek87 wrote:
(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes :-
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's
(D) The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apes’
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes

Subject of the sentence should be Neanderthal so C,D, and E are out
A is using those instead of that so wrong.
B is best but it also has issue that it uses " ape's " and not " apes' " or this use is correct?




Hello dabhishek87,


I would be glad to help you resolve your doubt. :)

In Choice B, use of ape's is absolutely fine for two reasons.

Firstly, the sentence intends to present comparison between the vocal tract of Neanderthals and that of apes. The expression ape's stands for ape's vocal tract. If we change ape's to apes, then the sentence will present illogical comparison between the vocal tract of Neanderthals and the apes themselves.

Secondly, the choice uses singular article an that cannot be followed by the plural noun apes.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Apr 2013
Posts: 76
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2017, 10:19
Past perfect tense correct in option b?

Sent from my Redmi 4 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2863
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2017, 12:25
santro789 wrote:
Past perfect tense correct in option b?

Sent from my Redmi 4 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app




Hello santro789,


I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)


The helping verbs have, has, and had act as a perfect tense verbs only when they are followed by another verb in its past participle form. Take a look at the following sentences:

They have bought the movie tickets. --> Present Perfect Tense.

He has bought the movie tickets. --> Present Perfect Tense.

They/He had bought the movie tickets. --> Past Perfect Tense.



When these helping verbs (have, has, and had) are used just by themselves and are not followed by any other verb, then act as simple tense verbs. For example:

They have the movie tickets. --> Simple Present Tense.

He has the movie tickets. --> Simple Present Tense.

They/He had the movie tickets. --> Simple Past Tense.



Similar is the usage of had in this official sentence. Please note that in Choice B, had is not followed by any other verb in its participle form. Hence. had is NOT a past perfect tense verb in Choice B. It is rightly a simple past tense verb.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1195
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Dec 2017, 11:18
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes -SV agreement (tract ... those)
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape’s - Correct
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape’s - Meaning error (tracts ... without language)
(D) The Neanderthal’s vocal tracts resembled the apes’ - Meaning error (tracts ... without language)
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes - Meaning error (tracts ... without language)
_________________
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: IF YOU CAN DREAM IT, YOU CAN DO IT
Joined: 03 Jul 2017
Posts: 187
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, International Business
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2018, 09:43
Can someone please explain me in detail why option E is incorrect. For me the intended meaning seems like that the sentence is comparing the vocal tract of the Neanderthals to the vocal tract of the apes and so those in A is incorrect
In B i thought since the sentence uses the past perfect Had and the continuous tense Resembling the use is incorrect and so i choose option E
VP
VP
User avatar
P
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1469
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2018, 10:12
longhaul123 wrote:
Can someone please explain me in detail why option E is incorrect.

Hi longhaul123, notice that E (and options C and D as well) change the subject of the sentence from Neanderthals to vocal tracts. So, C, D, and E seem to erroneously suggest that vocal tracts were probably without language (while the meaning of the original sentence is that Neanderthals were without language).

Quote:
For me the intended meaning seems like that the sentence is comparing the vocal tract of the Neanderthals to the vocal tract of the apes and so those in A is incorrect

Indeed. The main issue with A is that the pronoun those is intended to refer to vocal tracts (plural), but option A only has vocal tract (singular). So, the pronoun those doesn't really have a valid antecedent in option A.

Quote:
In B i thought since the sentence uses the past perfect Had and the continuous tense Resembling the use is incorrect and so i choose option E

The presence of had in B does not make this sentence past perfect. had is used as a verb in this sentence (to depict the act of possession). The verb had is used as a simple past tense of the verb have. This confusion arises because both, the simple past tense and the past participle, of the verb have, are had.

Let's see few examples:

John has a car.
- Simple present

John had a car.
- Simple past

John has had a car for five years.
- Present perfect

John had had a car for five years before he sold it off.
- Past perfect

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this concept of has had/have had, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Apr 2017
Posts: 44
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Feb 2018, 23:29
longhaul123 wrote:
Can someone please explain me in detail why option E is incorrect. For me the intended meaning seems like that the sentence is comparing the vocal tract of the Neanderthals to the vocal tract of the apes and so those in A is incorrect
In B i thought since the sentence uses the past perfect Had and the continuous tense Resembling the use is incorrect and so i choose option E


Hi longhaul123

Adding to the explanation given in the above post, I would like to point out that the word "resembling" acts a modifier for the noun "vocal tract". For instance, in the following sentence, the "-ing" word acts not as a verb but as a modifier.

He made a sculpture resembling the famous Renaissance sculpture, David.

The verb in the above sentence is "made", and "resembling" acts as a modifier for the noun "sculpture".

Let's take an even simpler example. I am sure you have used sentences such as the following:

Students studying for the GMAT need to be very focused.

As you can see, the word "studying" modifies the noun "students", giving you information about the students you are referring to.

Hope that helps! :)

Cheers!
NS
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 28 Jan 2018
Posts: 149
Location: Taiwan
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GPA: 3.34
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Apr 2018, 19:35
Why is it wrong to compare vocal tract to vocal tracts of apes (plural)?
still comparing the same organ right?
Or is it because "those" has no plural antecedent to refer to
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 09 Mar 2016
Posts: 1230
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2018, 11:24
reply2spg wrote:
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape’s
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape’s
(D) The Neanderthal’s vocal tracts resembled the apes’
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes



generis your SC majesty :) pls advise.

(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape’s

Neanderthals is in plural form and an ape’s is in singular --- isnt it a parallelism issue :?

thanks and enjoy a day :-)
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 12 Dec 2015
Posts: 428
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2018, 02:12
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so were probably without language, a shortcoming that may explain why they were supplanted by our own species.

A. Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes --> comparison between singular vs plural
B. Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape's --> correct
C. The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape's --> meaning issue " the vocal tracts .... & so were w/o language"
D. The Neanderthal's vocal tracts resembled the apes’ --> meaning issue " vocal tracts .... & so were w/o language"
E. The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes --> meaning issue " the vocal tracts .... & so were w/o language"
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 May 2018
Posts: 53
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Mar 2019, 01:34
C D and E incorrectly imply that the Neanderthal’s vocal cords were without language.

A is too wordy.

B is the right option.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Apr 2018
Posts: 32
Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 02 Apr 2019, 00:16
this is one of the toughest and one of the easiest question on the fourm, if you will not remian literal and will not look for the small details you are definetly going to mark it wrong. One thing after practicing so many questions and after reading every answer explanations of GMATNinja in this forum have taught me that rather than finding one right answer, it is better to find four wrong answers.

With that being said let's try to find the errors.
One thing to notice is here "and" is not underlined therefore whatever comes after it is definetly correct and we need to find what is it parallel to.
AND so were ok so we need some verb to be parallel to it

Quote:
(A) Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes What does "those" refer to, we need something plural now the only thing plural is Neanderthals. But here we are comparing vocal tract


Quote:
(B) Neanderthals had a vocal tract resembling an ape’s This seems fine, there is proper comparison of vocal tract of Neanderthals with the vocal tract of app, and now the parallelism order is also sorted. Even if you are unable to find it in first glance, just by eliminating at the other answer choices, you will be left with this answer choice only ;)


Quote:
(C) The vocal tracts of Neanderthals resembled an ape’s we need a verb to be parallel to "AND so were" and clearly resembled is a modifier.


Quote:
(D) The Neanderthal’s vocal tracts resembled the apes’ same as C


Quote:
(E) The vocal tracts of the Neanderthals resembled those of the apes. -- Here those refers correctly to vocal tracts but we need a verb to be parallel to "AND so were" and clearly resembled is a modifier

_________________
If you like my post, please don't shy away from giving Kudos, as it boosts my confidence to post more :)

Originally posted by rraman on 04 Mar 2019, 10:06.
Last edited by rraman on 02 Apr 2019, 00:16, edited 1 time in total.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Apr 2018
Posts: 22
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Apr 2019, 23:15
Can anyone please explain to me why so can refer to the subject? I never see "so" can use as a pronoun
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so   [#permalink] 01 Apr 2019, 23:15

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 48 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Neanderthals had a vocal tract that resembled those of the apes and so

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne