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Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been

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Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 12:57
Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been put into orbit around the Earth, and the chances of a collision involving such material increase greatly as the amount of both space debris and satellites continue to rise.

Issues: Modifier

(A) as the amount of both space debris and satellites continue to rise
- "the amount of ... satellites" is incorrect as "satellites" is countable and "amount" is used for non-countable.

(B) as the rise continues in both the amount of satellites and space debris
- "the amount of ... satellites" is incorrect as "satellites" is countable and "amount" is used for non-countable.
- "amount of satellites" and "space debris" are not comparable object, whereas they should be as they are following "both"

(C) as the amount of space debris and the number of satellites continue to rise

(D) with the continually increasing amount of space debris and the number of satellites

- "continually" is redundant
- "with" fails to establish causal relationship


(E) with the amount of space debris continuing to increase along with the number of satellites
- changes meaning
- "with" fails to establish causal relationship


Answer: (C)
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Re: Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 08:57
sayantanc2k, mikemcgarry Please explain what is the error in option D. My reasoning is that "with .....satellites" doesnot indicate the reason for the chances of collision. Instead, the modifier presents additional information.
scheol79 wrote:
Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been put into orbit around the Earth, and the chances of a collision involving such material increase greatly as the amount of both space debris and satellites continue to rise.

(A) as the amount of both space debris and satellites continue to rise

(B) as the rise continues in both the amount of satellites and space debris

(C) as the amount of space debris and the number of satellites continue to rise

(D) with the continually increasing amount of space debris and the number of satellites

(E) with the amount of space debris continuing to increase along with the number of satellites
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Re: Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 09:43
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gmatacer40 wrote:
sayantanc2k, mikemcgarry Please explain what is the error in option D. My reasoning is that "with .....satellites" doesnot indicate the reason for the chances of collision. Instead, the modifier presents additional information.
scheol79 wrote:
Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been put into orbit around the Earth, and the chances of a collision involving such material increase greatly as the amount of both space debris and satellites continue to rise.

(A) as the amount of both space debris and satellites continue to rise

(B) as the rise continues in both the amount of satellites and space debris

(C) as the amount of space debris and the number of satellites continue to rise

(D) with the continually increasing amount of space debris and the number of satellites

(E) with the amount of space debris continuing to increase along with the number of satellites



Hello gmatacer40,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

The word as in this official sentence has been used to mean while. So the sentence presents simultaneity between the chances of collision increasing and the amount of space debris and number of satellites increasing.

The usage of with fails to communicate that sense of simultaneity between the two actions.

There is parallelism error also in Choice D. Per this choice, the list is: with

    the continually increasing amount of space debris and
    the number of satellites


This list fails to convey that the number of satellites is also increasing continually.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2018, 20:39
egmat, sayantanc2k, mikemcgarry
1) How to ascertain that this OA has used 'as" for the simultaneity of actions. I feel that the OA has used "as" for providing the reason for increase in the chances of collision. Please correct my understanding.
2) If we ignore parallelism error in option D, then what does the modifier "with.....satellites" modify and what difference in the meaning it creates resulting in wrong option.
3) I am really not crystal clear with the use of "with modifier". The following official incorrect sentence also uses "with modifier". But unable to get the reasoning of error.
Before 1988, insurance companies in California were free to charge whatever rates the market would bear, [u]with no approval needed from regulators before the raising of rates.[/u]
please explain that what meaning error is created by "with modifier"
Nearly two tons of nuclear-reactor fuel have already been   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2018, 20:39

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