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Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est

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Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 Apr 2019, 00:22
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Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a country's ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously since standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits and trade can be balanced by means of a decline in a country's standard of living.

If the facts stated in the passage above are true, a proper test of a country's ability to be competitive is its ability to

(A) balance its trade while its standard of living rises
(B) balance its trade while its standard of living falls
(C) increase trade deficits while its standard of living rises
(D) decrease trade deficits while its standard of living falls
(E) keep its standard of living constant while trade deficits rise

Originally posted by goalsnr on 23 Jul 2008, 18:26.
Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Apr 2019, 00:22, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2011, 10:50
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goalsnr wrote:
Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a country's ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously since standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits and trade can be balanced by means of a decline in a country's standard of living.

If the facts stated in the passage above are true, a proper test of a country's ability to be competitive is its ability to

(A) balance its trade while its standard of living rises
(B) balance its trade while its standard of living falls
(C) increase trade deficits while its standard of living rises
(D) decrease trade deficits while its standard of living falls
(E) keep its standard of living constant while trade deficits rise

Please explain your answers


I had little to no idea how standard of living & balanced trade dictate a country's economic competitiveness.

I gathered the information from these two statements in the passage and answered in less than 40 secs.

1st sentence:
Rising standard of living is good.
Balanced trade is good.
But, both should co-exist to gain a competitive edge.

2nd: Why both should co-exist?
Rising standard of living is not good when it is an effect of "growing trade deficits". Growing trade deficit(Bad)
Balanced trade is not good when it is an effect of "declining standard of living". declining standard of living(Bad)

A gives the competitive scenario:
"balance its trade while its standard of living rises"

Two goods together.

Ans: "A"
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 04:12
2
omkarmorde

This is an inference question in which we treat the facts given in argument as true and
derive what we can logically infer from it.

Let me know if this helps!
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2008, 19:31
1
goalsnr wrote:
Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a countrys
ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously since
standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits and trade can be balanced by
means of a decline in a countrys standard of living.
If the facts stated in the passage above are true, a proper test of a countrys ability to be
competitive is its ability to

A. balance its trade while its standard of living rises

B. balance its trade while its standard of living falls

C. increase trade deficits while its standard of living rises

D. decrease trade deficits while its standard of living falls

E. keep its standard of living constant while trade deficits rise.

Please explain your answers


true test: absense of trade deficit while increasing standard of living -> A
B is incorrect because trade deficit is eliminated at expense of standard of living
C is incorrect because standard of living is increasing at the expense of trade balance
D is incorrect because that's just horrible - huge debt and falling standard of living
E is incorrect because standard of living is funded with trade deficit
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2008, 10:42
1
sondenso wrote:
The logic tested here is :

If A then B and C
A,
so B and C

A for me!


Can you explain this?


I chose (A) because it states "Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a countrys ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously..."

Hence, A fulfills both simultaneously

A. balance its trade while its standard of living rises
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 05:36
1
1
So, to be able to compete on international market any country should maintain at decent level its trade balance and living standarts.
We need to find proper pair "="(trade balance)/UP (standarts of living):

A) "="(trade balance)/"UP" (standarts of living) Correct one!
B) "="(trade balance)/"DOWN" (standarts of living) doesn't match, hence incorrect.
C) "DOWN"(trade balance)/"UP" (standarts of living) doesn't match, hence incorrect.
D) "="(trade balance)/"DOWN" (standarts of living) doesn't match, hence incorrect.
E) "UP"(trade balance)/"=" (standarts of living) doesn't match, hence incorrect.

Pretty straightforward one :)
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 18:39
1
RMD007 wrote:
GMATNinja, I am unable to ascertain between choice A and choice E. From the logic presented in the argument, both the options seems good.

Can you please clarify my doubt here?

The only argument that I can figure is - The argument talks about balancing the trade but does not provide any information about keeping standard of living CONSTANT.

is the reasoning correct?

RMD007, I think you've got it! The passage says that a country needs both 1) a rising standard of living and 2) balanced trade in order to compete in the international marketplace. If a country has a CONSTANT standard of living, then it does not have a RISING standard of living. A country with a CONSTANT standard of living would not meet the first criteria and thus would not be competitive.

That's why (E) should be eliminated, and (A) is the best choice. I hope that helps!
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2018, 08:27
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Hi adkikani,

Even I picked B as the answer - but when I read through some of the explanations I realized why I was wrong. The choice between options A and B ,though obvious to people with a good eye, is very tricky . Lets break your query into two parts

WHY IS A THE ANSWER

If you read the first sentence of the questions you can simply decipher that both “a rising standard of living” and “balanced trade” establish a country ability to compete.

This is exactly what A states

WHY IS B NOT THE ANSWER

B just re-states a part of the question which is actually an explanation of how they the two elements can help a country stay competitive and NOT a must be condition for a country to stay competitive.

Think of a good grilled cheese sandwich - you need both good cheese and good bread to make a good grilled cheese, each of them separately cannot make a good grilled cheese. A good cheese can help enhance the taste of bread and a good bread can help enhance/balance the flavour of cheese. But in the end you need both good bread and good cheese to make a good grilled cheese sandwich. It does not mean that if a good bread can balance out the flavour of the cheese its a good grilled cheese, the cheese has to be good too.

Hope this made some sense - brb making a grilled cheese now.

GMATNinja just wanted to check if you think my understanding is correct?
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Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2019, 12:23
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goalsnr wrote:
Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a country's ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously since standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits and trade can be balanced by means of a decline in a country's standard of living.

If the facts stated in the passage above are true, a proper test of a country's ability to be competitive is its ability to

(A) balance its trade while its standard of living rises
(B) balance its trade while its standard of living falls
(C) increase trade deficits while its standard of living rises
(D) decrease trade deficits while its standard of living falls
(E) keep its standard of living constant while trade deficits rise


Lets analyze the options... and run the POE..
Option B says "balance its trade while its standard of living falls". Now balancing of trade automatically happens when there is a decline in a country's standard of living ( refer to the last sentence of the stimulus)
So the country does not have to anything.

Option C says " increase trade deficits while its standard of living rises". Now " standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits" . So again the country does not have to do anything.

Option D says " decrease trade deficits while its standard of living falls". Now may be this also happens automatically and the country does not have to do anything because " standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits" and " standards of living can decrease because of decreasing trade deficits".

Option E talks about keeping standard of living constant which will help the country to be competitive as the country needs "a rising standard of living" and "balanced trade" and not constant "standard of living". So option E is not correct.

So option A is correct.

Please give me kudo s if you liked my explanation.


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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2008, 08:48
Only A supports the objective - that is remain competitive.

The key is to make sure that Trade deficit is balanced or less when standard of living increases.
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2010, 06:20
droopy57 wrote:
sondenso wrote:
The logic tested here is :

If A then B and C
A,
so B and C

A for me!


Can you explain this?


I chose (A) because it states "Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a countrys ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously..."

Hence, A fulfills both simultaneously

A. balance its trade while its standard of living rises


Yes, I agree with you about your explanation.
But I can't understand sondenca's manner. Please tell me more clearly to know it, thanks a lot.
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2011, 05:00
if anyone on this thread is still active.......

the answer is A because it restates the premise stated in line 1 of the stem ?
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2011, 10:28
bhandariavi wrote:
A is a very clear answer.
31 secs



ravi sahab,

can u respond with the reasoning ? is it the same as i said ?
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2011, 13:30
A

The question is a conclusion question with a twist.

The goal is for the trade deficit to be as low as possible (they won't owe too much) or balanced (they won't owe anything).
If the standard of living rises, the country is better.
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2011, 18:37
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IMO A. The argument states that both balanced trade and good standard of living are prerequisites for a country's ability to compete in international markets. And then the question again asks the same thing. We need to find an option which confirms that. Only Option A does that.
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2011, 18:57
fluke wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a country's ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously since standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits and trade can be balanced by means of a decline in a country's standard of living.

If the facts stated in the passage above are true, a proper test of a country's ability to be competitive is its ability to

(A) balance its trade while its standard of living rises
(B) balance its trade while its standard of living falls
(C) increase trade deficits while its standard of living rises
(D) decrease trade deficits while its standard of living falls
(E) keep its standard of living constant while trade deficits rise

Please explain your answers


I had little to no idea how standard of living & balanced trade dictate a country's economic competitiveness.

I gathered the information from these two statements in the passage and answered in less than 40 secs.

1st sentence:
Rising standard of living is good.
Balanced trade is good.
But, both should co-exist to gain a competitive edge.

2nd: Why both should co-exist?
Rising standard of living is not good when it is an effect of "growing trade deficits". Growing trade deficit(Bad)
Balanced trade is not good when it is an effect of "declining standard of living". declining standard of living(Bad)

A gives the competitive scenario:
"balance its trade while its standard of living rises"

Two goods together.

Ans: "A"



Thanks. The answer can't be explained any better.
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2011, 14:42
Quote:
Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a country's ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously since standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits and trade can be balanced by means of a decline in a country's standard of living.

If the facts stated in the passage above are true, a proper test of a country's ability to be competitive is its ability to

(A) balance its trade while its standard of living rises
(B) balance its trade while its standard of living falls
(C) increase trade deficits while its standard of living rises
(D) decrease trade deficits while its standard of living falls
(E) keep its standard of living constant while trade deficits rise


Answer: A
we want the answer option that agrees with the passage.

Question mentioned having one or the other - rising standard of living or balanced trade - is not enough to establish a country's ability to be competitive. It, then, went on to say 'both are required simultaneously'.
--> so we need balanced trade + rising standards of living together, which is A.
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2013, 18:44
bblast wrote:
if anyone on this thread is still active.......

the answer is A because it restates the premise stated in line 1 of the stem ?


Bblast, is this a solid strategy for the inference type question on the CR family of questions. From what I understand your looking for an answer that rephrases any of the premises? Does it work on every inference question?

What's your strategy for inference questions?
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2013, 13:45
Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, establishes a country's ability to compete in the international marketplace. Both are required simultaneously since standards of living can rise because of growing trade deficits and trade can be balanced by means of a decline in a country's standard of living.

My Approach:
This is an Inference Question. Argument structure states that X or Y alone are not sufficient alone to establish a country's ability to compete. (Till here it is not clear if we need a third indicator Z in addition to X and Y. Second line makes it clear).
Then it states that X and Y TOGETHER are required because country can have X (at the cost of Y) and can have Y (at the cost of X).

X - Rise in Standard of Living
Y - Balanced Trade

Inference - has to to 100% TRUE and has to be within the argument. It can be a paraphrase of given premises or a deduction after combining more than one given premises. The question stem does not mention INFERENCE word but it is clear that question is asking you to infer something.

Therefore - Only answer choice that has X and Y simultaneously is A. (Staying WITHIN THE SCOPE of argument and still saying something that MUST BE TRUE)

other choices can be eliminated as well once they are seen in context of X and Y
(B) is Y AND (NOT X) , (C) is (NOT Y) AND X , (D) is (NOT Y) and (NOT X) , (E) is another way of saying (NOT Y) and (NOT X).
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2014, 01:27
understanding the passage:-
Conclusion is : Both factors are required simultaneously .
Premise is : As standards of living increase trade deficit drops. But, when standards decrease then trade deficit

So answers should be saying, there should be a balance between both the parameters. Ideally, both should rise.

If the facts stated in the passage above are true, a proper test of a country's ability to be competitive is its ability to

(A) balance its trade while its standard of living rises - Yes
(B) balance its trade while its standard of living falls - Once increases other falls. OFS
(C) increase trade deficits while its standard of living rises- Once increases while other falls. OFS

(D) decrease trade deficits while its standard of living falls - Once increases while other falls.
(E) keep its standard of living constant while trade deficits rise - Once increases while other is kept constant.
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Re: Neither a rising standard of living nor balanced trade, by itself, est   [#permalink] 17 Aug 2014, 01:27

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