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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64101

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1. If $$x=\sqrt{x^3+6x^2}$$, then the sum of all possible solutions for x is:

A. -2
B. 0
C. 1
D. 3
E. 5

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200948

2. The equation x^2 + ax - b = 0 has equal roots, and one of the roots of the equation x^2 + ax + 15 = 0 is 3. What is the value of b?

A. -64
B. -16
C. -15
D. -1/16
E. -1/64

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200950

3. If a and b are positive numbers, such that a^2 + b^2 = m and a^2 - b^2 = n, then ab in terms of m and n equals to:

A. $$\frac{\sqrt{m-n}}{2}$$
B. $$\frac{\sqrt{mn}}{2}$$
C. $$\frac{\sqrt{m^2-n^2}}{2}$$
D. $$\frac{\sqrt{n^2-m^2}}{2}$$
E. $$\frac{\sqrt{m^2+n^2}}{2}$$

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200956

4. What is the maximum value of -3x^2 + 12x -2y^2 - 12y - 39 ?

A. -39
B. -9
C. 0
D. 9
E. 39

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200962

5. If x^2 + 2x -15 = -m, where x is an integer from -10 and 10, inclusive, what is the probability that m is greater than zero?

A. 2/7
B. 1/3
C. 7/20
D. 2/5
E. 3/7

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200970

6. If mn does not equal to zero, and m^2n^2 + mn = 12, then m could be:

I. -4/n
II. 2/n
III. 3/n

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200973

7. If x^4 = 29x^2 - 100, then which of the following is NOT a product of three possible values of x?

I. -50
II. 25
III. 50

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200975

8. If m is a negative integer and m^3 + 380 = 381m , then what is the value of m?

A. -21
B. -20
C. -19
D. -1
E. None of the above

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200980

9. If $$x=(\sqrt{5}-\sqrt{7})^2$$, then the best approximation of x is:

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200982

10. If f(x) = 2x - 1 and g(x) = x^2, then what is the product of all values of n for which f(n^2)=g(n+12) ?

A. -145
B. -24
C. 24
D. 145
E. None of the above

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200987

Kudos points for each correct solution!!!
_________________

Originally posted by Bunuel on 18 Mar 2013, 06:56.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Feb 2019, 04:31, edited 1 time in total.
Updated.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64101

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shiv17 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
4. What is the maximum value of -3x^2 + 12x -2y^2 - 12y - 39 ?

A. -39
B. -9
C. 0
D. 9
E. 39

$$-3x^2 + 12x -2y^2 - 12y - 39=-3x^2 + 12x-12-2y^2 - 12y-18-9=-3(x^2-4x+4)-2(y^2+6y+9)-9=$$
$$=-3(x-2)^2-2(y+3)^2-9$$.

So, we need to maximize the value of $$-3(x-2)^2-2(y+3)^2-9$$.

Since, the maximum value of $$-3(x-2)^2$$ and $$-2(y+3)^2$$ is zero, then the maximum value of the whole expression is $$0+0-9=-9$$.

Can anybody help me with this solution. Why the maximum value of $$-3(x-2)^2$$ and $$-2(y+3)^2$$ is zero?

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Joined: 30 Oct 2018
Posts: 67
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Schools: IE '22 (A)
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putting the value of x in eq -
3^2+3a+15=0
=> a= -8
Now putting a= -8 in x^2 + ax - b = 0
x^2−8x−b=0.

as roots are equal
=> b^2-4ac = 0
=> b = -16 (B)
Intern  B
Joined: 11 May 2019
Posts: 3
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V41
GMAT 2: 770 Q50 V46
GPA: 2.7

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Bunuel wrote:
LaxAvenger wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
6. If mn does not equal to zero, and m^2n^2 + mn = 12, then m could be:

I. -4/n
II. 2/n
III. 3/n

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

Re-arrange: $$(mn)^2 + mn - 12=0$$.

Factorize for mn: $$(mn+4)(mn-3)=0$$. Thus $$mn=-4$$ or $$mn=3$$.

So, we have that $$m=-\frac{4}{n}$$ or $$m=\frac{3}{n}$$.

Hello, how come m^2n^2 will become (mn)^2 ?

$$(mn)^2=(mn)(mn)=m^2*n^2$$.

Hi - I think this explains how mn^2 becomes m^2*n^2, but how does (m)^(2n^2) become (mn)^2? I put the parenthesis to show how I read the question, so perhaps my error and the error of the original questioner is in how it is written and not how it is solved. Thanks!
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64101

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ghostman23 wrote:
Hi - I think this explains how mn^2 becomes m^2*n^2, but how does (m)^(2n^2) become (mn)^2? I put the parenthesis to show how I read the question, so perhaps my error and the error of the original questioner is in how it is written and not how it is solved. Thanks!

m^2n^2 can only mean $$m^2n^2$$, nothing else. If it were m^(2n^2), it would be written that way.
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Manager  S
Joined: 11 Feb 2018
Posts: 54

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Bunuel wrote:
1. If $$x=\sqrt{x^3+6x^2}$$, then the sum of all possible solutions for x is:

A. -2
B. 0
C. 1
D. 3
E. 5

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200948

2. The equation x^2 + ax - b = 0 has equal roots, and one of the roots of the equation x^2 + ax + 15 = 0 is 3. What is the value of b?

A. -64
B. -16
C. -15
D. -1/16
E. -1/64

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200950

3. If a and b are positive numbers, such that a^2 + b^2 = m and a^2 - b^2 = n, then ab in terms of m and n equals to:

A. $$\frac{\sqrt{m-n}}{2}$$
B. $$\frac{\sqrt{mn}}{2}$$
C. $$\frac{\sqrt{m^2-n^2}}{2}$$
D. $$\frac{\sqrt{n^2-m^2}}{2}$$
E. $$\frac{\sqrt{m^2+n^2}}{2}$$

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200956

4. What is the maximum value of -3x^2 + 12x -2y^2 - 12y - 39 ?

A. -39
B. -9
C. 0
D. 9
E. 39

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200962

5. If x^2 + 2x -15 = -m, where x is an integer from -10 and 10, inclusive, what is the probability that m is greater than zero?

A. 2/7
B. 1/3
C. 7/20
D. 2/5
E. 3/7

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200970

6. If mn does not equal to zero, and m^2n^2 + mn = 12, then m could be:

I. -4/n
II. 2/n
III. 3/n

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200973

7. If x^4 = 29x^2 - 100, then which of the following is NOT a product of three possible values of x?

I. -50
II. 25
III. 50

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200975

8. If m is a negative integer and m^3 + 380 = 381m , then what is the value of m?

A. -21
B. -20
C. -19
D. -1
E. None of the above

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200980

9. If $$x=(\sqrt{5}-\sqrt{7})^2$$, then the best approximation of x is:

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200982

10. If f(x) = 2x - 1 and g(x) = x^2, then what is the product of all values of n for which f(n^2)=g(n+12) ?

A. -145
B. -24
C. 24
D. 145
E. None of the above

Solution: https://gmatclub.com/forum/new-algebra- ... l#p1200987

Kudos points for each correct solution!!!

2. The equation x^2 + ax - b = 0 has equal roots, and one of the roots of the equation x^2 + ax + 15 = 0 is 3. What is the value of b?

A. -64
B. -16
C. -15
D. -1/16
E. -1/64

A quick way to solve this question, without having to find the value of a by substituting 3 in to equation 2 is to simply see that the second equation's constant value is 15. The roots of the second equation will have to equal 15 (think about what you do when factoring quadratic equations e.g. to find factors of ax^2 + bx + c you will look for two factors of AC that in some way add up to b).

So the other factor of the second equation is 5, because 3x5=15. So we know that a will be equal to 5 + 3 = 8. Once you know that you can rewrite the first equation as x^2 + 8x - b. Now remember that equation 1 has equal roots which means it follows the form of (a+b)^2 which expands to a^2 + 2ab + b^2.

Therefore a=2*1*4 (1 is the coefficient of x^2, and if a = 2 * first expression * second expression then a = 2*1*4). Hence b = 4^2= 16 (think about the (a+b)^2 form again). The negative sign is needed so the expression follows this form.

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Joined: 29 Oct 2017
Posts: 10

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Bunuel wrote:
2. The equation x^2 + ax - b = 0 has equal roots, and one of the roots of the equation x^2 + ax + 15 = 0 is 3. What is the value of b?

A. -64
B. -16
C. -15
D. -1/16
E. -1/64

Since one of the roots of the equation $$x^2 + ax + 15 = 0$$ is 3, then substituting we'll get: $$3^2+3a+15=0$$. Solving for $$a$$ gives $$a=-8$$.

Substitute $$a=-8$$ in the first equation: $$x^2-8x-b=0$$.

Now, we know that it has equal roots thus its discriminant must equal to zero: $$d=(-8)^2+4b=0$$. Solving for $$b$$ gives $$b=-16$$.

Hi Bunuel,

Why can I not substract x^2 + ax + 15 = 0 from x^2 + ax - b = 0 and get b= -15?

Thanks!
Lionila
Manager  S
Joined: 23 Sep 2019
Posts: 91
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V35

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Bunuel wrote:
7. If x^4 = 29x^2 - 100, then which of the following is NOT a product of three possible values of x?

I. -50
II. 25
III. 50

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

Re-arrange and factor for x^2: $$(x^2-25)(x^2-4)=0$$.

So, we have that $$x=5$$, $$x=-5$$, $$x=2$$, or $$x=-2$$.

$$-50=5*(-5)*2$$;
$$50=5*(-5)*(-2)$$.

Only 25 is NOT a product of three possible values of x

In this question -

1. If x=\sqrt{x^3+6x^2}, then the sum of all possible solutions for x is:

A. -2
B. 0
C. 1
D. 3
E. 5

Solution: new-algebra-set-149349-60.html#p1200948

x^4=x^3 + 6x^2
x^4 - x^3 - 6x^2 = 0 ------------> x^2 (x^2 - x - 6) = 0 -----------> x^2 (x-3)(x+2) = 0
x=0 or 3 or -2. With x = -2 original equation does not hold true so possible values for X are 3 and 0 Hence their sum is 3
Choice D.

You didn't take the negative values - why are we considering negative values here for 4th roots?
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64101

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1
TarPhi wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
7. If x^4 = 29x^2 - 100, then which of the following is NOT a product of three possible values of x?

I. -50
II. 25
III. 50

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

Re-arrange and factor for x^2: $$(x^2-25)(x^2-4)=0$$.

So, we have that $$x=5$$, $$x=-5$$, $$x=2$$, or $$x=-2$$.

$$-50=5*(-5)*2$$;
$$50=5*(-5)*(-2)$$.

Only 25 is NOT a product of three possible values of x

In this question -

1. If x=\sqrt{x^3+6x^2}, then the sum of all possible solutions for x is:

A. -2
B. 0
C. 1
D. 3
E. 5

Solution: new-algebra-set-149349-60.html#p1200948

x^4=x^3 + 6x^2
x^4 - x^3 - 6x^2 = 0 ------------> x^2 (x^2 - x - 6) = 0 -----------> x^2 (x-3)(x+2) = 0
x=0 or 3 or -2. With x = -2 original equation does not hold true so possible values for X are 3 and 0 Hence their sum is 3
Choice D.

You didn't take the negative values - why are we considering negative values here for 4th roots?

This is explained several times on previous pages.

$$x$$ cannot be negative as it equals to the even (4th) root of some expression ($$\sqrt{expression}\geq{0}$$).

When the GMAT provides the square root sign for an even root, such as $$\sqrt{x}$$ or $$\sqrt{x}$$, then the only accepted answer is the positive root.

That is, $$\sqrt{25}=5$$, NOT +5 or -5. Even roots have only a positive value on the GMAT.

In contrast, the equation $$x^2=25$$ has TWO solutions, +5 and -5.
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Bunuel wrote:
TarPhi wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
7. If x^4 = 29x^2 - 100, then which of the following is NOT a product of three possible values of x?

I. -50
II. 25
III. 50

A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and II only
E. I and III only

Re-arrange and factor for x^2: $$(x^2-25)(x^2-4)=0$$.

So, we have that $$x=5$$, $$x=-5$$, $$x=2$$, or $$x=-2$$.

$$-50=5*(-5)*2$$;
$$50=5*(-5)*(-2)$$.

Only 25 is NOT a product of three possible values of x

In this question -

1. If x=\sqrt{x^3+6x^2}, then the sum of all possible solutions for x is:

A. -2
B. 0
C. 1
D. 3
E. 5

Solution: new-algebra-set-149349-60.html#p1200948

x^4=x^3 + 6x^2
x^4 - x^3 - 6x^2 = 0 ------------> x^2 (x^2 - x - 6) = 0 -----------> x^2 (x-3)(x+2) = 0
x=0 or 3 or -2. With x = -2 original equation does not hold true so possible values for X are 3 and 0 Hence their sum is 3
Choice D.

You didn't take the negative values - why are we considering negative values here for 4th roots?

This is explained several times on previous pages.

$$x$$ cannot be negative as it equals to the even (4th) root of some expression ($$\sqrt{expression}\geq{0}$$).

When the GMAT provides the square root sign for an even root, such as $$\sqrt{x}$$ or $$\sqrt{x}$$, then the only accepted answer is the positive root.

That is, $$\sqrt{25}=5$$, NOT +5 or -5. Even roots have only a positive value on the GMAT.

In contrast, the equation $$x^2=25$$ has TWO solutions, +5 and -5.

Thanks Bunuel.
Apologies for that! I kept getting confused!
Even roots (sq root and 4th root) cannot have a -ve value but x^2=16 and x^4=16 can have (+2 or-2) as the solutions. I got it Thanks again!
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Posts: 2064

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2
Bunuel wrote:
When the GMAT provides the square root sign for an even root, such as $$\sqrt{x}$$ or $$\sqrt{x}$$, then the only accepted answer is the positive root.

That is, $$\sqrt{25}=5$$, NOT +5 or -5. Even roots have only a positive value on the GMAT.

I know this is not what Bunuel meant to suggest, but there is no math "on the GMAT" that is different from math anywhere else. √25 equals 5 everywhere, not only on the GMAT, because in math the radical symbol "√" is defined to mean "the non-negative square root".

I've seen people ask questions like "Is zero an even number on the GMAT?", which makes me think that some people are under the impression that there are special math conventions you need to learn for the GMAT that might be different from those you've learned in real math. That's not true: GMAT math is the same thing as real math. Zero is even everywhere, not just on the GMAT. √25 = 5 everywhere, not only on the GMAT. There's no reason to ever include the qualification "on the GMAT" when explaining what's true in math.
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# New Algebra Set!!!  