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# Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water

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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2013, 02:07
4
KUDOS
fozzzy wrote:
Does "it" refer to county? Option D is better than the rest

The judge overturned a ban so you need "that" clearly refers to ban... A and B are out

Option C the second that isn't necessary ( I can see why its wrong but not sure what it is)

Option E being incorrect

Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water bikes from the tranquil waters of Puget Sound, a judge overturned the ban on the ground of violating state laws for allowing the use of personal watercraft on common waterways.

"it" in C and D refers to the ban

C. that it (the ban) violates state laws that allowed
D. that it (the ban) violated state laws allowing

Let me just add that option C is not correct because of the verbs:
a judge overturned the ban: so this ban does not exist or is no more effective
C)that violates: present tense... so is this ban still valid? No sense
D)that violated: past => correct
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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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29 May 2015, 18:30
Hi,

Can someone clarify my doubt?

I got the meaning in C as, state law allowed the use of watercraft and Ban violates(as it is currently in action) the use of watercraft. On the whole, Judge overturned the ban on the ground that ban violates state laws that(state laws) allowed the use of personal watercraft.

Please clarify me on what is wrong in my understanding on the meaning in C..
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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2015, 12:36
First split:-
Past tense vs other tenses
banned.....overturned. So taking this forward violate should be in past tense namely "violated"
Eliminate --> A, B and C.

Second split:-
Active vs passive and also use of being.
Since the non-underlined portion is in active voice we need carry the same voice in underlined portion. Eliminate --> E

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Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2016, 22:31
For me although C makes more sense, but since D bypasses the possible contradictory tenses, I would choose D just to be on the safer side.

When the judge decided, the ban was still in place and doing what was it meant for :- so violates seems correct.. seem being the operating word
And since the use of personal water was not happening anymore at the time of decision therefore allowed also looks correct. looks being the key word.

But I am sure the the tenses are somewhat screwed in option C i just can't put my finger to it.. ... D looks good .. in fact better than C

Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water bikes from the tranquil waters of Puget Sound, a judge overturned the ban on the ground of violating state laws for allowing the use of personal watercraft on common waterways.
A. of violating state laws for allowing
B. of their violating state laws to allow
C. that it violates state laws that allowed
D. that it violated state laws allowing
E. that state laws were being violated allowing
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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2016, 10:49
Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water bikes from the tranquil waters of Puget Sound, a judge overturned the ban on the ground of violating state laws for allowing the use of personal watercraft on common waterways.
A. of violating state laws for allowing
B. of their violating state laws to allow
C. that it violates state laws that allowed
D. that it violated state laws allowing
E. that state laws were being violated allowing

The obvious answer options narrow it down to C and D.Now in D, it says the judge overturned "Past tense" the ban on grounds that violated "Past tense" state laws.(correct as tenses are parallel) and then it says that this action resulted in allowing-the use of personal watercraft on common waterways.
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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2016, 09:51
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This post was
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choice (e) is TOTALLY wrong. if you can't kill choice (e) quickly, you should read through a large number of correct answers to SC questions in the official guides, just for the purpose of internalizing the writing style of the correct answers.
i can't overestimate the importance of becoming comfortable with the writing style of the gmat. in the same way you can classify language as 'shakespearean' or 'faulkner-esque' at a glance, you can also classify language as to whether you might see it on the gmat. once you achieve a certain degree of this familiarity, choice (e) and its ilk will begin to look ridiculous.

the formal reasons why choice (e) is wrong: 1, it uses the passive voice for no good reason whatsoever, and, 2, more importantly, it says only that state laws were being violated; it doesn't at all indicate the crucial fact that the ban violated the state laws. that's baaaaaadd bad bad.

choice (c) is wrong because the tenses don't make sense. 'violates' is in the present tense, but 'allowed' is in the past tense. either one of these tenses could potentially make sense individually, but the combination is absurd: you can't violate (present tense) a law that used to allow something (past tense). if you're going to violate the law in the present tense, then whatever part of the law was violated had better carry over into the present tense.
interestingly, all 3 other tense combinations make sense: violates/allows, violated/allows (if the law is still in effect), and violated/allowed (if the law is no longer in effect).

choice (d) circumvents this issue altogether by employing the participle form (-ing). despite its name (it's formally called the "present participle"), this form is NOT necessarily a present-tense construction; rather, it has no inherent tense at all, and merely adopts the tense of whatever verbs in the sentence do have a tense. therefore, in choice (d), 'allowing' takes place in the past tense, simultaneously with 'violated'.

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RonPurewal
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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2016, 03:20
Dear egmat,

Between options C and D, why D is correct?
Below is my observation:
C. that it violates state laws that allowed ---> allowed modifies laws
D. that it violated state laws allowing ---> allowing modifies laws

is it because of violating has happened in the past? hence need to use past tense?
Many thanks
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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2017, 05:19
"Ground of" is a wrong idiom.

"of violating" and "for allowing" are wordy and awkward phrases. Keeping both in mind we can eliminate options A and B.

The pronoun "their" in option B is ambiguous because there's no logical plural noun for it to refer to, but "it" can logically refer to "the ban." The pronoun "it" isn't ambiguous here in option C and D; it refers to "the ban" unambiguously.

In C, “violates” is in the wrong tense. The judge “overturned the ban” (in the past). It is not possible that the ban “violates state laws” (in the present). Keep all the verbs in the same tense unless a change in tense is required. Eliminate C.

The tenses in D are correct. At the time the judge “overturned” the ban (in the past), the ban “violated”(also in the past) state laws allowing the use of personal watercraft on common waterways. The present participle “allowing” indicates an action contemporaneous with “violated”; the two actions took place at the same time.

E is indeed wordy and distorts the meaning. C has a tense error ("violates"), so D is the only answer choice without a grammar error.
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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 20:30
Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water bikes from the tranquil waters of Puget Sound, a judge overturned the ban on the ground of violating state laws for allowing the use of personal watercraft on common waterways.

A. of violating state laws for allowing -- ground of is unidiomatic
B. of their violating state laws to allow -- ground of is unidiomatic
C. that it violates state laws that allowed -- tense issue -- 'violates' is in the present tense, but 'allowed' is in the past tense. either one of these tenses could potentially make sense individually, but the combination is absurd: you can't violate (present tense) a law that used to allow something (past tense). if you're going to violate the law in the present tense, then whatever part of the law was violated had better carry over into the present tense.
interestingly, all 3 other tense combinations make sense: violates/allows, violated/allows (if the law is still in effect), and violated/allowed (if the law is no longer in effect).
D. that it violated state laws allowing -- Correct --circumvents this issue altogether by employing the participle form (-ing). despite its name (it's formally called the "present participle"), this form is NOT necessarily a present-tense construction; rather, it has no inherent tense at all, and merely adopts the tense of whatever verbs in the sentence do have a tense. therefore, in choice (d), 'allowing' takes place in the past tense, simultaneously with 'violated'.
E. that state laws were being violated allowing -- changes meaning -- says only that state laws were being violated; it doesn't at all indicate the crucial fact that the ban violated the state laws

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Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2018, 05:48
this question comes from Magoosh.
Re: Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water   [#permalink] 11 Jan 2018, 05:48

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