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# No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a

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VP
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 1451
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2007, 19:22
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(N/A)

Question Stats:

79% (00:27) correct 21% (01:55) wrong based on 71 sessions

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No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.

(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.

(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.

(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.

(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.

Confused as to why the right answer is actually the right one. Will post the OA after a few replies
Director
Joined: 08 Feb 2007
Posts: 598
Location: New Haven, CT

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04 Aug 2007, 19:39
I would say C. It shows that there are other differences beside the native tongue issue. I took a long look at E, but D says virtually the same thing with the length of time being different. I guess if E is correct then one would have to define "long".
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 870
Re: CR1000 - Survival of a nation  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2007, 20:10
pmenon wrote:
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority. this would be supporting the conclusion

(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups. another support although a bit out of the scope

(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada. so what if there are other problems? still doesn't effectively challenge the author's conclusion

(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages. neutral to the conclusion, doesn't weaken or support

(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages. this will counter what the author is say that NO nation can long survive when clearly Switzerland has

Confused as to why the right answer is actually the right one. Will post the OA after a few replies

the conclusion: "No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue"
I say the answer is E
Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 499
Re: CR1000 - Survival of a nation  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2007, 20:30
2
pmenon wrote:
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.

(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.

(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.

(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.

(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.

Confused as to why the right answer is actually the right one. Will post the OA after a few replies

Agree with beckee529.

What does author say ?
That NO nation can survive if people don't speak a common language.

Why does the author say so ?
because Canada as conflicts between French and Eng speaking people.

The Questions stems asks us to weaken the authors argument.
2 ways :
a) If we can find another reason for conflicts in Canada.
b) If we can give eg of another country which is surviving in spite of multiple languages.

Lets look at the options :

A - Out of scope.
B - Strengthens
C - Could have right if had not included along with linguistic ones . So in a way strengthens the authors argument.
D - Can't say.. May be India also might be having similar conflicts due to language .. We cannot assume things in GMAT.
E - Correct. Weakens the author properly.
Intern
Joined: 27 Jul 2007
Posts: 8

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04 Aug 2007, 22:27
A. Supports the passage.
B. Conflict still arises
C. Nothing to do with passage
D. Similar languages. Not different
E. Correct Three Different languages=still survived.
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 774

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09 Aug 2007, 01:26
I will go with E, as explained above
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Oct 2008
Posts: 356
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
Re: CR1000 - Survival of a nation  [#permalink]

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20 May 2011, 06:22
pmenon wrote:
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.

(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.

(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.

(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.

(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.

Confused as to why the right answer is actually the right one. Will post the OA after a few replies

Indian languages are related,Swiss are not.
Besides question stem says "long survive"."Thousands of years" of Swiss is definitely a better record than 50 years of India.
VP
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1033
Re: CR1000 - Survival of a nation  [#permalink]

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20 May 2011, 10:42
between D and E,

I will go for D,come what may.
Director
Joined: 26 Aug 2016
Posts: 628
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V38
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2018, 02:44
I choose E.
Conclusion states that A nation CANNOT SURVIVE LONG if it does not have a single language. To support this he states an example.
E states an example countering the provided premise and conclusion stating there EXISTS a nation which survived VERY LONG.

Re: No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a &nbs [#permalink] 27 Feb 2018, 02:44
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