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# Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial

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Intern
Joined: 28 Jan 2017
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Re: Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2018, 00:50
Can we eliminate B,C and E just by this phrase"Not all women". I thought this phrase is wrong so i eliminated these 3 options?

Is this the wrong approach. I thought meaning was not properly conveyed by this phrase?

Help me with this.
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Re: Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2018, 10:38
mikemcgarry wrote:
avohden wrote:
Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, wants to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, a serious risk factor for that cancer.

A. Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, wants to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, a serious risk factor for that cancer.
B. Not all women, even those who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, want to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, which is a serious risk factor for that cancer.
C. Not all women, even those who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, wants to know if they carry a BRCA mutation, which is a serious risk factor for that cancer.
D. Not every woman, even the ones who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, want to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, a serious risk factor for that cancer.
E. Not all women, even the ones who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, want to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, considered a serious risk factor for that cancer.

Dear avohden,
I'm happy to help with this one.

Split #1: SV Agreement with indefinite pronouns. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sente ... agreement/
The phrase "every woman" is singular, and demands the singular verb "wants".
The phrase "all women" is plural, and demands the plural verb "want".
Choices (C) & (D) make SV Agreement errors, so they are wrong.

Split #2: pronoun agreement with indefinite pronouns.
The phrase "every woman" is singular, and demands the singular pronoun "she".
The phrase "all women" is plural, and demands the plural pronoun "they".
Choices (B) & (D) make pronoun agreement errors, so they are wrong.

Just with those two, that's enough to isolate (A) as the only possible answer.

What's intriguing about this sentence is that it has all kinds of splits that are not really relevant to the question --- ultimately, false splits, because either way is correct.
(1) We could say this statement about "every woman" or "all women", and as long as verbs & pronouns match, it would be fine.
(2) Either "even those" or "even ones" is perfectly correct.
(3) Two options for modifying the mutation:
"...a BRCA mutation, a serious risk factor for that cancer." ---- an appositive phrase; see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... e-phrases/
"...a BRCA mutation, which is a serious risk factor for that cancerr." --- a subordinate clause, acting as noun modifier. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... d-clauses/
The first might be a tad wordier, but both are grammatically correct and sound natural.
Good tempting false splits are the sign of a very well written SC problem.

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Hi mike , @Abhimanha , daagh Sir,
I got a doubt,
Not every woman (Singular) , even those who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, wants to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, a serious risk factor for that cancer.

Here the red part is _ Singular, So what does that plural pronoun WHOSE stand for ?

Please explain why a plural pronoun is used for singular noun.
If it is allowed under what conditions we need use plural pronoun for singular noun ?

Thank you
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Re: Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2018, 10:53
Top Contributor
Considering that this is not an official question, there is no need to bother over a parenthesis. The more important issues are the Sub-Verb and sub-pronoun matchings.
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Re: Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial  [#permalink]

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04 May 2019, 00:37
Hi Expert,

I have question.

In A , Why we can refer to every woman as " those who..." , because "those" are plural but not woman?

Thank you.
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Re: Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial  [#permalink]

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04 May 2019, 05:33
ballest127 wrote:
Hi Expert,

I have question.

In A , Why we can refer to every woman as " those who..." , because "those" are plural but not woman?

Thank you.

While there may be contexts in which the use of a plural demonstrative pronoun makes sense even though the sentence in which the pronoun appears does not include a logical referent for that pronoun, the use of the plural "those" in this sentence does not make sense.

"Those" is preceded by the singular "every woman" and followed by the singular "wants," and there is no logical reason to use a plural demonstrative pronoun in this sentence.
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Re: Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2020, 16:58
"...every woman... wants..." is correct.
Quote:
(A) Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, wants to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, a serious risk factor for that cancer.

"...all women... want..." is correct. But, to use the singular pronoun "she" to refer to "women" is incorrect.
Quote:
(B) Not all women, even those who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, want to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, which is a serious risk factor for that cancer.

Should be "...all women... want...". Incorrect.
Quote:
(C) Not all women, even those who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, wants to know if they carry a BRCA mutation, which is a serious risk factor for that cancer.

Should be "...every woman... wants...". Incorrect.
Quote:
(D) Not every woman, even the ones who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, want to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, a serious risk factor for that cancer.

"...all women... want..." is correct. But, to use the singular pronoun "she" to refer to "women" is incorrect.
Quote:
(E) Not all women, even the ones who have a strong familial history of breast cancer, want to know if she carries a BRCA mutation, considered a serious risk factor for that cancer.
Re: Not every woman, even those who have a strong familial   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2020, 16:58

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