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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an

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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2005, 05:25
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58% (01:51) correct 42% (01:01) wrong based on 3174 sessions

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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was

C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were

D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was

E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by doe007 on 30 Apr 2013, 04:46, edited 1 time in total.
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14 Mar 2009, 13:04
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I narrowed down to A and C - choose A.
1. "not one" is singular, hence we need "is"
2. We need "if...were" construction to account for an unlikely scenario
3. Ideally "that" needs to come right after "agreement", but I think if it is unambiguous, you can have it after the complement. The problem is that if you want to put "that" clause right after "agreement", you need to shift "is signed" to the end; however, in the clearest sentences the author makes every effort to write subject and verb as early in the sentence as possible.

nitya34 wrote:
Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate
Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the
deal were
not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger
agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were
B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a
merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was
C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger
agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were
D. are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a
merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was
E. are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a
merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were
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18 Nov 2010, 09:44
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A simple approach to this problem will be:

Rule out D and E because of S-V number mismatch.

Rule out C because, it uses the imperative form of the verb - be signed - inappropriately without the other paraphernalia required for employing the present subjunctive mood. In addition what does the pronoun them stand for? Is it for the investors or the bankers or both?

Rule out B because, it uses the wrong idiom – offer for byiung - rather than - offer to buy.

You are happily left with A, which avoids the wrong idiom, the S-V number disagreement and the inapt present subjunctive.
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19 Jan 2005, 19:55
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fresinha12 wrote:
A and C and E all have one more porblem deal were concluded deal is singular therefor it has to deal was concluded...leaving behing D and B. the question now is, is the not of the investors is it plural or singular. I think the subject here is singular therefor B is correct

B correct choice...whats the OA

B is wrong and has to do with subjunctive mood

if the deal were concluded--> right form
if I were rich--> once again, it is not "was" because of subjunctive mood. This is a commonly tested GMAT question. Be careful
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12 Aug 2005, 08:08
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A is fine..

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merge agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were

- Just fine..

B. is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merge agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was
- who is they here...moreover we need subjunctive usage after IF...
offer for buying is unidiomatic usage,,, Offer to by should be used..

C. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merge agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were
- wrong usage of THEM, no referent....

D and E are out because of subject verb agreement.
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12 Aug 2005, 08:52
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A is fine actually. All the others have flaws

B is out, because they has no clear referrent
C is out, because them has no clear referrent
D and E are out, because not one of the investors, should be followed by "is" and not "are"

Thanks,
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12 Aug 2005, 21:25
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Agree with A that it is the least harmful.

but is "that" in A has clear referent. "that" in A is after signed. if so, doesnot it modify signed rather a merge agreement.

okdongdong wrote:
Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an effort to buy First Interstate Bank until a merge agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

A. is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merge agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were
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13 Aug 2005, 05:20
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saurya_s wrote:
ywilfred wrote:
D and E are out. 'are' is the wrong verb
B is out. 'they' has no clear referent
C is awkward with the phrasing 'be signed by them'

A is the best choice by POE

ywilfred, can you please explain why are is wrong verb here?
S

'one of the investors' is in a singular form, and so 'are' is wrong.
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13 Jul 2006, 21:44
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A

Indefinite pronoun "one" is singular and will take "is". D and E are out.
"offer for buying" is unidiomatic. B is out.
"them" in C is referring to "potential investors" but here subject is "one".
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26 Apr 2008, 12:04
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nothing wrong with A

In B and C they and them has no clear antecedent .D and E uses plural verb whereas the subject is singular .Also were is correctly used in A to give hypothetical situation.
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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2009, 12:45
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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

(A) is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were
(B) is expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal was
(C) is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement be signed by them with a provision for penalties if the deal were
(D) are expected to make an offer for buying First Interstate Bank until it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included if the deal was
(E) are expected to be making an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until they sign a merger agreement including a provision for penalties if the deal were
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22 Feb 2010, 21:40
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proccountant wrote:
I'm going to go against the tide. I think it's B

Verb - Noun agreement: use of plural/non-plural words

"is"... because it's referring to one investor
"was"... because it's referring to one deal

Scenario of 'deal' here is hypothetical and use of "were" is gramatically correct though 'the deal' is singular. You never say 'If i was president' you always say (gramatically correct) 'if I were president'.
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17 Dec 2010, 09:51
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First split, since the deal’s conclusion is hypothetical, the conditional closes has to use the past subjunctive verb ‘were ‘. B and D are out.

The use of present subjunctive verb ‘be signed’ is wrong since no command or order is involved.

There is SV mismatch in E.

So A is left with correct past subjunctive verb, proper SV agreement and no problematic pronouns.
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Re: Potential investors, First Interstate Bank [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2011, 06:44
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until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the
deal were not to be concluded.

The above part of the text is actually a poetic expression meant to confuse the test takers. If you flip the clause, the classic version of the same will be:

Until a merger agreement that includes a provision for penalties if the
deal were not to be concluded, is signed

The relative clause introduced by the relative pronoun ‘that’ is an essential definer of the agreement. Per se, therefore, there is no grammar error in that expression
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2014, 12:42
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Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an offer to buy First Interstate Bank until a merger agreement is signed that includes a provision for penalties if the deal were not to be concluded.

If you go by meaning then absolutely 'that' refers to 'merger agreement'.

Even if you don't want to go by meaning but by structure.

Then yes the noun modifier can jump to modify far away noun if the critical predicate falls between.

Critical predicate=is signed
Subject=agreement
Modifier=that...

Hope that helps!
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Re: Not one of the potential investors is expected to make an [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2017, 20:56
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TheRzS wrote:
Hi sayantanc2k
Sorry to bother.

A is easily the best option here, but is it not violating subjunctive rule?
If we use " if...were...to" structure, don't we need would be expected to make?

Please refer to this Magoosh blog
https://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gram ... ive-tense/

I'd appreciate if you could point out my flaw in understanding.

Cheers
RzS

Your point is valid for a complete IF...THEN.. structure for an unlikely case in future:

IF hypothetical subjunctive, THEN conditional (unlikely future case).

The construction in option A is not such a case - using hypothetical subjunctive does not necessarily call for a conditional would.

"Not one of the potential investors is expected" is NOT within a THEN clause corresponding to "IF the deal were...", and hence conditional is not required.
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18 Jan 2005, 07:22
I go with (B) on this toughie.

Not one = none ~ either singular/plural

This is not subjunctive mood so "...deal were" is wrong. So (B) and (D) left. (D) is out for this "it signs a merger agreement with a provision for penalties included". (B) uses "they" referring to "potential investors"

Correct me if I am wrong.
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18 Jan 2005, 07:29
I would go with 'A' - subjunctive mood - is signed ......if the deal were not
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18 Jan 2005, 07:58
I don't know but " is signed" is just a word in passive voice. How can we tell whether a sentence is in subjunctive mood? I am confused.

I suspected there is some trap here too by the use of "expected". But as far as I know, subjunctive mood must have some kind of word such as "would", "should"...

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18 Jan 2005, 08:01
To me it is between A and C for subjunctive mood reason.

until be signed is better than until is signed so I choose C
18 Jan 2005, 08:01

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