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# Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the

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Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2011, 15:34
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Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.
(a)
(b) Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
(c) The systematic clearing of forests in the United States, creating farmland (especially in the Northeast) and giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
(d) The systematic clearing of forests in the United States created farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also
(e) The systematic clearing of forests in the United States not only created farmland (especially in the Northeast), giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2011, 15:48
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daryayurlova wrote:
Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.
(a)
(b) Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
(c) The systematic clearing of forests in the United States, creating farmland (especially in the Northeast) and giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
(d) The systematic clearing of forests in the United States created farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also
(e) The systematic clearing of forests in the United States not only created farmland (especially in the Northeast), giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it

I don't agree with the OA.
The idiom not only...but also is being tested here and D fails in that account.
Same with E and C.

In B, the construction is used wrongly. It says " Not only did something do something, but also did something else." The relative pronoun it must be added to indicate that the systematic clearing of forests also caused erosion. So the proper construction is, "Not only did something do something, but it also did something else."

Mari
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2011, 15:56
mariyea wrote:
I don't agree with the OA.
The idiom not only...but also is being tested here and D fails in that account.
Same with E and C.

In B, the construction is used wrongly. It says " Not only did something do something, but also did something else." The relative pronoun it must be added to indicate that the systematic clearing of forests also caused erosion. So the proper construction is, "Not only did something do something, but it also did something else."

Mari

I was also looking for a pair not only, but also and eliminated B for the other reason, namely: improper use of which - modifies farmland while the intended meaning is modifying the whole preceding clause .... thanks for additional reason to eliminate B ... about idiom I think i read some thread with Q where but also was also used without not only and it was correct .... I think A is wrong because it should be Not only did <...> create and GIVE not gave! Does that make sense?
Would be good to hear the OE ... there must be something there
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2011, 15:58
daryayurlova wrote:
mariyea wrote:
I don't agree with the OA.
The idiom not only...but also is being tested here and D fails in that account.
Same with E and C.

In B, the construction is used wrongly. It says " Not only did something do something, but also did something else." The relative pronoun it must be added to indicate that the systematic clearing of forests also caused erosion. So the proper construction is, "Not only did something do something, but it also did something else."

Mari

I was also looking for a pair not only, but also and eliminated B for the other reason, namely: improper use of which - modifies farmland while the intended meaning is modifying the whole preceding clause .... thanks for additional reason to eliminate B ... about idiom I think i read some thread with Q where but also was also used without not only and it was correct .... I think A is wrong because it should be Not only did <...> create and GIVE not gave! Does that make sense?
Would be good to hear the OE ... there must be something there

Yes you're right. In B, which is improperly used. And I agree that we need an OE here.
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2011, 01:48
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Not only DID the systematic clearing of forests CREATE farmland ..
and GIVE/GAVE consumers

GAVE is not correct ... did + 2nd form

'not only .. but also' construction is used for items that are logically parallel.
the first half of the sentence is positive (create/give) while the second half is negative (erosion/deforested) .. so the use of this construction is not appropriate

D is the correct ans. HTH

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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2011, 06:32
+1 D. Agree with dimitry92.
X not only..... but it also - this is totally possible! The second trap in this Q is gave..... created.
Implying both factors, the only possible answer is D!
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2011, 23:16
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So sneaky of them!

The test writers know that many students who do their homework will see the "not only" trigger and look for a "but also" bookend. If you have the first half of that construction, you should probably have the second. *But* the sneaky twist is that if you have the second half ("but also") you don't necessarily need the first ("not only").

Ex:
She likes not only shaggy puppies, but also short-haired ones. *CORRECT*

He studies a lot, but he also likes to have fun.
*STILL CORRECT*

Great catch mari and daryayurlova on the lack of verb parallelism in two different places in this sentence. "Not only"/"but also" is indeed a parallelism marker, so that knocks off (A) ("create"/"gave" are not in parallel tenses), (B) ("caused" is missing a subject so that clause is not parallel to the first part), and (E) ("created"/"it caused" are not parallel).

That leaves (C) and (D), neither of which contain "not only"-- both choices use "but also" to mean X BUT (also/additionally) Y, which is a perfectly valid usage, though less emphasized in most GMAT curricula.

"But" is still a parallelism marker. Break down C and D to their underlying skeletons:

(C) contains a modifier between those two commas ("creating farmland.furniture), so the core of (C) is really "The clearing, but also..." So what should follow to maintain parallelism? Another noun or noun phrase-- instead we have a verb ("caused")-- the core of (C) would read "the clearing but also caused erosion..."-- that doesn't make any sense! Eliminate.

Try the same thing for (D):
The clearing...created farmland...and gave (stuff)..., but it (the clearing!) also caused erosion.

The underlying structure is
subject verb and verb, but subject also verb.

Parallel and correct!
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2011, 23:28
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Wow Parker,
What an exhaustive and detailed reply! Was worth waiting a month to get such a brilliant explanation! Eventhough I already had my exam still thank you!

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2011, 23:45
You're very welcome. Sorry it wasn't able to be useful to you on your exam, but congrats on being done!
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2011, 01:01
This was #41 on on the gmatprep and I got it wrong. +1 to D for the reasons given by parker.
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Re: GMAT Prep US forests [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2011, 01:02
See the core of the sentence first before "blindly" using the not only..but also bullet. its not gonna work here.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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05 May 2013, 22:59
A question on the touch rule for which. In choice b:

(b) Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also

does which refer to farmland, or (Northeast)? That is, does which ignore parenthetical statements? I understand that solving this issue isn't necessary for getting the right answer, but I want to make sure I'm clear on the touch rule concept.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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06 May 2013, 01:00
banaorange wrote:
A question on the touch rule for which. In choice b:

(b) Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also

does which refer to farmland, or (Northeast)? That is, does which ignore parenthetical statements? I understand that solving this issue isn't necessary for getting the right answer, but I want to make sure I'm clear on the touch rule concept.

Hi, which follows a strict touch noun rule...even when noun is in parentheses or prepositional phrase. for prepositional phrase nouns the only exception is with "verb ed" which especially for "...in...." does not necessarily modify the proximate noun, unless it makes sense in doing so.

hope this helps.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2014, 21:40
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2015, 07:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2015, 12:14
Very good question.

It's tricky because on the first place you think that we need to find the idiom.

However as we don't have any match with idiom, we have to find something else:

A) Idiom Error
B) Idiom Error, Modifier Error
C) Idiom Error, incomplete sentence
D) Correct, here we have 2 complete clauses, that are separated with a comma and with "but"
E) Idiom Error
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2016, 14:52
I love carrots, but I hate broccoli. This is completely fine and does not use a, "not only." Also notice that I went from something positive to something negative like the statement did.

All of the statements either have a verb error or imply that farmland gave consumers houses. D is the only one that is correct in grammar and context.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2016, 22:45
i believe here gmatprep is testing more about meaning than about idiom...their are two things Positive impact and negative impact...
Not only and but also cant be used for two different poles....so all options using this will be wrong
D is clear..it said that x created y but it also created z---perfect
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2016, 09:02
daryayurlova wrote:
Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.
(a)
(b) Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also

I eliminated A and B for the reason mentioned above. I need to know whether my reasoning is correct or not.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2016, 02:42
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sowragu wrote:
daryayurlova wrote:
Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.
(a)
(b) Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also

I eliminated A and B for the reason mentioned above. I need to know whether my reasoning is correct or not.

First note that not only..but also is a conjunction, a correlative conjunction.

Now option A: There are 2 independent clauses in this sentence as shown below (the verb error in the first clause is corrected):

Independent clause 1: The systematic clearing of forests in the United States did create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and give consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture.
Independent clause 2: It caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.

These 2 independent clauses are joined by a correlative conjunction not only.. but also.

Now option B: There are 2 independent clauses in this sentence too as shown below (The modifier error in the first clause and the subject error in the second clause are corrected):

Independent clause 1: The systematic clearing of forests in the United States did create farmland (especially in the Northeast), giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture.
Independent clause 2: It caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.

Again these 2 independent clauses are joined by a correlative conjunction not only.. but also.

Therefore one cannot eliminate option A and option B on the ground that there is no independent clause. In each sentence there are 2 independent clauses joined by a correlative conjunction.
Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2016, 02:42

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