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Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States

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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2011, 14:56
mariyea wrote:
I don't agree with the OA.
The idiom not only...but also is being tested here and D fails in that account.
Same with E and C.

In B, the construction is used wrongly. It says " Not only did something do something, but also did something else." The relative pronoun it must be added to indicate that the systematic clearing of forests also caused erosion. So the proper construction is, "Not only did something do something, but it also did something else."

Your answer should be A IMHO.

Mari


I was also looking for a pair not only, but also and eliminated B for the other reason, namely: improper use of which - modifies farmland while the intended meaning is modifying the whole preceding clause .... thanks for additional reason to eliminate B ... about idiom I think i read some thread with Q where but also was also used without not only and it was correct .... I think A is wrong because it should be Not only did <...> create and GIVE not gave! Does that make sense?
Would be good to hear the OE ... there must be something there
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2011, 14:58
daryayurlova wrote:
mariyea wrote:
I don't agree with the OA.
The idiom not only...but also is being tested here and D fails in that account.
Same with E and C.

In B, the construction is used wrongly. It says " Not only did something do something, but also did something else." The relative pronoun it must be added to indicate that the systematic clearing of forests also caused erosion. So the proper construction is, "Not only did something do something, but it also did something else."

Your answer should be A IMHO.

Mari


I was also looking for a pair not only, but also and eliminated B for the other reason, namely: improper use of which - modifies farmland while the intended meaning is modifying the whole preceding clause .... thanks for additional reason to eliminate B ... about idiom I think i read some thread with Q where but also was also used without not only and it was correct .... I think A is wrong because it should be Not only did <...> create and GIVE not gave! Does that make sense?
Would be good to hear the OE ... there must be something there


Yes you're right. In B, which is improperly used. And I agree that we need an OE here.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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Not only DID the systematic clearing of forests CREATE farmland ..
and GIVE/GAVE consumers

GAVE is not correct ... did + 2nd form

'not only .. but also' construction is used for items that are logically parallel.
the first half of the sentence is positive (create/give) while the second half is negative (erosion/deforested) .. so the use of this construction is not appropriate

D is the correct ans. HTH



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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2011, 05:32
+1 D. Agree with dimitry92.
X not only..... but it also - this is totally possible! The second trap in this Q is gave..... created.
Implying both factors, the only possible answer is D!
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2011, 22:16
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So sneaky of them!

The test writers know that many students who do their homework will see the "not only" trigger and look for a "but also" bookend. If you have the first half of that construction, you should probably have the second. *But* the sneaky twist is that if you have the second half ("but also") you don't necessarily need the first ("not only").

Ex:
She likes not only shaggy puppies, but also short-haired ones. *CORRECT*

He studies a lot, but he also likes to have fun.
*STILL CORRECT*


Great catch mari and daryayurlova on the lack of verb parallelism in two different places in this sentence. "Not only"/"but also" is indeed a parallelism marker, so that knocks off (A) ("create"/"gave" are not in parallel tenses), (B) ("caused" is missing a subject so that clause is not parallel to the first part), and (E) ("created"/"it caused" are not parallel).

That leaves (C) and (D), neither of which contain "not only"-- both choices use "but also" to mean X BUT (also/additionally) Y, which is a perfectly valid usage, though less emphasized in most GMAT curricula.

"But" is still a parallelism marker. Break down C and D to their underlying skeletons:

(C) contains a modifier between those two commas ("creating farmland.furniture), so the core of (C) is really "The clearing, but also..." So what should follow to maintain parallelism? Another noun or noun phrase-- instead we have a verb ("caused")-- the core of (C) would read "the clearing but also caused erosion..."-- that doesn't make any sense! Eliminate.

Try the same thing for (D):
The clearing...created farmland...and gave (stuff)..., but it (the clearing!) also caused erosion.

The underlying structure is
subject verb and verb, but subject also verb.

Parallel and correct!
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2011, 22:28
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Wow Parker,
What an exhaustive and detailed reply! Was worth waiting a month to get such a brilliant explanation! Eventhough I already had my exam still thank you!

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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2011, 22:45
You're very welcome. Sorry it wasn't able to be useful to you on your exam, but congrats on being done!
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2011, 00:01
This was #41 on on the gmatprep and I got it wrong. +1 to D for the reasons given by parker.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2011, 00:02
See the core of the sentence first before "blindly" using the not only..but also bullet. its not gonna work here. :-)
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.

A. Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also
B. Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
C. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States, creating farmland (especially in the Northeast) and giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
D. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States created farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also
E. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States not only created farmland (especially in the Northeast), giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it

I came across the above question from the different website. It seems that OA is (D) <- hidden colored text

I was thinking between D and E, and I couldn't find the good reason to choose either ones.

Please help.
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Hi uledssul

I'll start by saying I'm rubbish at SC, but in this instance I did get the question right. So what follows is my thoughts, hopefully you'll find them useful:

a) create and gave are not parallel, should be created and gave or create and give
b) the modifier incorrectly modifies farmland. It's not the farmland which is giving the furniture, but the wood from the cleared forests
c) Violates the Not only X, but also Y idiom. It's also an illogical comparison because it compares erosion to nothing
d) Correct
e) Violates the Not only x, but also Y idiom. Giving inexpensive furniture also modifies farmland, as in (b).

Hope that helps!

B.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2012, 04:28
The NOT ONLY ... BUT ALSO idiom does not apply to this sentence since they only apply to similar elements. Creating family farmland is good, bug causing erosion is the negative side effect.

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New post 09 Aug 2012, 04:40
I'd argue both are still similar elements, because they are both the effects of clearing forests. Similar = having common properties, but different.

I've not heard of the similar rule for NOT ONLY....BUT ALSO rule. Can you elaborate?
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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Not sure why this was marked as a tough SC.

I think this SC is straight farword parallelism question.
One of the verb out the three parallel verbs is 'caused' which is in past tense, so to maintain prallelism we need the other two verbs as past tense.
Option D is the only option which has the two verbs created and gave in past tense
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bradfris wrote:
I'd argue both are still similar elements, because they are both the effects of clearing forests. Similar = having common properties, but different.

I've not heard of the similar rule for NOT ONLY....BUT ALSO rule. Can you elaborate?


NOT ONLY... BUT ALSO sentences are typically used to talk about two different things which run in parallel. In this case, I'd agree with Ashish above and note that farmland = good, erosion = bad; they might both result from the clearing of forests, but they don't run in parallel directions, and should therefore not be spliced together with a NOT ONLY... BUT ALSO conjunction.
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Not only did the systematic clearing of forest in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive house and furniture, but it also caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.

A. Not only did the systematic clearing of forest in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive house and furniture, but it also
B. Not only did the systematic clearing of forest in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
C. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States, creating farmland (especially in the Northeast) and giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
D. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States created farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also
E. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States not only created farmland (especially in the Northeast), giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2012, 10:53
not-only-did-the-systematic-clearing-of-forests-in-the-37236.html

I suggest you to please search the question before creating a new topic for it. Thanks.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2012, 10:57
i did searched before posting but no proper explanation was posted there.
Will be glad if someone can throw some light on the not only ...but also usage here.
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2012, 19:05
sudi03 wrote:
Not only did the systematic clearing of forest in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive house and furniture, but it also caused erosion and very quickly deforested whole regions.

A. Not only did the systematic clearing of forest in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive house and furniture, but it also
B. Not only did the systematic clearing of forest in the United States create farmland (especially in the Northeast), which gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
C. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States, creating farmland (especially in the Northeast) and giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but also
D. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States created farmland (especially in the Northeast) and gave consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it also
E. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States not only created farmland (especially in the Northeast), giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but it



I belive that many people (even I - have test next tuesday) will make mistake by making assumption that "but also" has to always come with not only. If you are out of that illusion than no option will look incorrect.

Why D is preferred over A.
Please see explaination by Ron. http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/not ... t3129.html
[ Not only-----but also has to give either positive or negative ]
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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2012, 21:53
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mohan514 wrote:
OA please ???

B looks good though...



It should be D

Not only , but also is used with two things that a parallel.

Here one is giving a positive effect and the second a negative , and hence this usage is not suitable.
Here it is illogical to use "not only, but also"

So A and B out
C is a fragment - Out
E - "giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture" - this is modifying the previous clause, which again is illogical - Out.

D remains - Answer


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Re: Not only did the systematic clearing of forests in the United States   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2012, 21:53

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