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# Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p

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Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2017, 20:19
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (00:44) correct 58% (00:49) wrong based on 332 sessions

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Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts mostly of mud, thatch, and water, constructed using few, if any, sophisticated tools.

A. Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts
B. Just like many birds' nests, the huts of the Musgum people of Cameroon are made
C. Just like many birds and their nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts
D. Not unlike many birds' nests, the huts of the Musgum people of Cameroon are made
E. Like many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by broall on 20 Sep 2017, 21:39, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted question

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2017, 20:27
B , which keeps the comparison between the huts and nests.

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It should be D. In B ,Just at the start of sentence signifies exactness. Which will not be the same . I mean nests are different from homes in many ways.

Last edited by BeingHan on 20 Sep 2017, 22:10, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2017, 21:13
D,Like many bird's nest, the musgum.people of cameron builf huts

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2017, 21:21
B.
D also has the right comparison but B seems more correct

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2017, 22:04
E.
B is going away from original.meaning..

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2017, 00:36
b is the correct answer..... in my opinion.

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2017, 20:47
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D and not B because "not unlike" means there exists some similarities while "just like" means they are completely similar.

Is that the correct reasoning?

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2017, 23:24
as I see "not unlike" means different but have some similarities.
So, any substitutes with "like" are inappropriate here, so B,C,E out.

D provides good parallelism

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 01:26
Would like to know how D is a better answer than B.

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Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 08:37
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Regarding B vs. D, there are a couple cool lessons involved in that decision:

1) While students tend to hate the "double negative" feeling of the phrase "not unlike," it's a valid phrase that has been used in correct answers on the GMAT. Temurkhon and gmatime nailed the meaning here: I always look at "not unlike" as meaning "more similar than you might think" or "different, but with enough similarities that the comparison deserves attention." So it's helpful to just be familiar with that phrase in case it comes up: it's a valid structure.

2) Way more likely to be problematic than "not unlike" is "just like." "Not unlike" as you see above is pretty hard to logically disprove, as it encompasses both "it's different" but "there are similarities." (It's like a weatherman saying "chance of rain" - he's right either way whether it rains or doesn't). But "just like" has a really high bar to hit - it's essentially saying "with regard to what's being discussed, these two things are exactly the same." And here, the non-underlined portion includes a difference that violates "just like" - when it says that the Musgum people "use few, if any, sophisticated tools" it's showing a big difference between humans and birds. Birds just do not and cannot use sophisticated tools. The comparison being drawn here is about the method in which the two types of dwellings - nests and huts - are made, and the inclusion of sophisticated tools for the human huts means that those methods are decidedly different.

3) Larger than the precision in language of comparison diction - the GMAT has evolved toward more and more logical meaning decisions in Sentence Correction. So train yourself to see those kinds of logical differences. The testmaker is pretty good at hiding them farther from the underline than many examinees are prepared to go - had this sentence ended at "are made mostly of mud, thatch, and water" B is a very viable choice. "Just like" works well there. But when you add "using few, if any, sophisticated tools" - which seems at first glance to just be filler text to round out the sentence - the logic changes. Especially on harder questions, the whole sentence tends to matter: if you're struggling to make a decision between 2 or 3 final answer choices, the important element may well lie far from the underlined portion.
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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 01:29
amol143 wrote:
Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts mostly of mud, thatch, and water, constructed using few, if any, sophisticated tools.

A. Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts
B. Just like many birds' nests, the huts of the Musgum people of Cameroon are made
C. Just like many birds and their nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts
D. Not unlike many birds' nests, the huts of the Musgum people of Cameroon are made
E. Like many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts

Option A-Nests are being compared to Musgum people, comparison which likely is wrong.
option B-hold
Option c-Same reason as in A
Option D-hold
option E-Again a wrong comparison
Now in B VS D
Read non underline part which says people build huts with help of mud, water and if required then they also use some sophisticated tools.But does this also go with nests of building birds. Do birds also take help of sophisticated HUTS????
Clearly No, hence D is more logically correct than B...

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2017, 04:42
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amol143 wrote:
Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts mostly of mud, thatch, and water, constructed using few, if any, sophisticated tools.

A. Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts
B. Just like many birds' nests, the huts of the Musgum people of Cameroon are made
C. Just like many birds and their nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts
D. Not unlike many birds' nests, the huts of the Musgum people of Cameroon are made
E. Like many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts

Solution

This problem primarily tests the concept of logical comparisons. As you can see in choice A, the introductory modifier "not unlike many birds' nests" should be comparing the nests to the huts. But it is not: the placement of the modifier next to "the Musgum people" is illogically comparing nests to people. So as you look through the answer choices you should attempt to find a choice that fixes this issue (either by comparing nests to huts - the dwellings made of mud, thatch, and water - or by comparing birds to people - the makers of the dwellings).

Of course, once you've found one instance of an error you should first scan the answer choices to quickly eliminate any other instances of it. Choice E replicates the error in choice A, again comparing nests to people, so E can be eliminated.

Choice B corrects the logical comparison by comparing nests to huts, but commits a different area of logic. The phrase "just like" suggests that the comparison is identical, but of course the birds' nests and human huts aren't perfectly identical. The "smoking gun" is at the end of the sentence: "...using few, if any, sophisticated tools." Birds cannot use sophisticated tools, so this comparison could never be made exactly. For this reason, choices B and C are incorrect.

Choice D, then, is the right answer. And a note about the phrase "not unlike" - while it may seem like a double negative, it has a particular meaning. To say that something is "not unlike" something else means that they're more similar than one might think, but still of course different. Here the meaning is used well :a birds' nest and a human dwelling are generally not things that you would see as being very much alike, but the author is pointing out the similar materials to show that they're more alike than you would think.
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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2017, 08:47
IMO D

A. Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts -- Wrong comparison
B. Just like many birds' nests, the huts of the Musgum people of Cameroon are made -- Change in meaning
C. Just like many birds and their nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts -- Comparison and meaning issue
D. Not unlike many birds' nests, the huts of the Musgum people of Cameroon are made
E. Like many birds' nests, the Musgum people of Cameroon build huts -- Wrong Comparison

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Re: Not unlike many birds' nests, the Musgum p   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 08:47
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