It is currently 28 Jun 2017, 00:23


GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance


we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.


Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Noun Modifier question

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Joined: 03 Apr 2011
Posts: 106
Location: United States
Concentration: Leadership, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.54
WE: Military Officer (Military & Defense)
Noun Modifier question [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jun 2011, 09:20
I remember learning somewhere that noun modifiers should "touch", Just wanted to get clarification if there is a prepositional phrase:

A part of the work, which ....

can which ever refer to part? Or does it always have to refer to the closest noun, or is this always considered ambiguous?
Joined: 25 Jun 2011
Posts: 20
Reviews Badge
Re: Noun Modifier question [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jun 2011, 11:35
Yes, it can refer to part also. It depends on the context of the sentence. Hey I just learned this from e-GMAT course. I will try to explain this here.

The banana on the cake, which was over ripened, completely ruined the cake.

Here "which was over ripened" modifies "banana" and not the cake. But this sentence is correct. This is because "on the cake" cannot be put anywhere else. It is essential to explain which banana we are talking about. And there is no ambiguity in meaning because "which was over ripened" cannot modify cake.

OG12 #26 also has same thing going on...
Expert Post
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1029
Re: Noun Modifier question [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jul 2011, 00:31
It's true that a noun modifier doesn't always have to physically touch the *word* that it is modifying, but only because sometimes it is modifying a noun that is expressed in more than one word. In OG #26, the subject is Emily Dickinson's letters to her sister. If we want to express the noun in one word, it would be "letters," but the reference to her sister is part of the noun phrase. Note that "which" cannot refer to her sister, who is a person.

The other examples here are more ambiguous. In the banana example, there is no reason that "which" might not refer to "cake," so I'd be cautious about using that. It would be better to say something along the lines of "The banana on the cake was over-ripened and completely ruined the cake." In the case of "A part of the work, which . . . ," I don't see a lot of workable continuations of that sentence. There is no need to use "which" here, unless we want to refer to "work" and not "part."

I hope this helps! Let me know if you have other examples or questions on this topic.

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Re: Noun Modifier question   [#permalink] 04 Jul 2011, 00:31
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Noun Modifiers + List of nouns AlexGenkins1234 0 02 Oct 2016, 04:23
1 Noun Modifiers - Omission of that or whom neasant 5 05 Feb 2015, 04:33
Noun + noun modifier questions fozzzy 0 01 Jul 2013, 01:21
1 Noun modifier exception Touch rule Campanella 4 08 Mar 2013, 11:49
1 Noun modifier with "which" gotomba 4 04 Jul 2009, 01:48
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Noun Modifier question

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.